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Open Label, Multicentre Trial to Assess Safety and Efficacy of ITF2357 in Active Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (SOJIA)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00570661
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 11, 2007
Results First Posted : May 4, 2021
Last Update Posted : May 4, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Italfarmaco

Brief Summary:

This study has the following objectives:

Primary objective:

- To determine the safety and tolerability of oral ITF2357 in patients with active SOJIA with inadequate response or intolerance to standard therapy with oral steroids and methotrexate, with or without previously used biologic agents.

Secondary objectives:

  • to evaluate the effect of ITF2357 on disease activity in patients with active SOJIA
  • to investigate the possibility of steroid dose tapering in patients with active SOJIA during ITF2357 treatment
  • to assess the effect of ITF2357 on levels of circulating cytokines
  • to assess the pharmacokinetic properties of ITF2357

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Active Systemic Onset Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Drug: ITF2357 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The present study has been designed in order to evaluate safety and tolerability of ITF2357 in patients with active SOJIA with inadequate response or intolerance to standard therapy with oral steroids and methotrexate, with or without previously used biologic agents, and to have a preliminary evaluation of efficacy of ITF2357 in the treatment of SOJIA.

ITF2357 will be administered orally at the daily cumulative dose of 1.5 mg/kg: this dose in children/young adults is considered roughly equivalent to the dose of 1 mg/kg/day in adults, which so far has been proven to be free of any relevant safety concerns both in healthy volunteers and in patients.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 17 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Masking Description: Not applicable. The study was open label.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II, Open Label, International, Multicentre Clinical Trial to Investigate Safety and Efficacy of Oral ITF2357 in Patients With Active Systemic Onset Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (SOJIA)
Actual Study Start Date : September 12, 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 25, 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : June 10, 2013


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: ITF2357

ITF2357 hard gelatine capsules were administered orally, in fed conditions, at the cumulative daily dose of 1.5 mg/kg achieved by administration of 0.75 mg/kg at 12-hour interval for 4 weeks initially. The doses of 1.5 mg/kg/day were achieved by administration of an appropriate number of capsules of definite strength (dose strengths of 7.5, 10, 12.5, 15, 20 mg and 50 mg).

Treatment was further prolonged up to 12 weeks in total if so suggested by the observed benefits and the lack of treatment-limiting toxicity

Drug: ITF2357
ITF2357 orally administered at the cumulative daily dose of 1.5 mg/kg, achieved by administration of different dose strengths identifiable by different colours.
Other Name: Givinostat, histone deacetylase inhibitor




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Patients Completing Week 12 of Treatment [ Time Frame: At week 12 ]

    The primary endpoint describes the number of patients who has completed week 12 of treatment with ITF2357, both in the Per protocol (PP) population and in the Intention to treat (ITT) population.

    ITF2357 hard gelatine capsules were administered orally, in fed conditions, at the cumulative daily dose of 1.5 mg/kg achieved by administration of 0.75 mg/kg at 12-hour interval for 4 weeks initially. The doses of 1.5 mg/kg/day were achieved by administration of an appropriate number of capsules of definite strength. Treatment was further prolonged up to 12 weeks in total if so suggested by the observed benefits and the lack of treatment-limiting toxicity.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. JIA Outcome Core Set Variables - Patient Global Assessment [ Time Frame: At pretreatment visit, at weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 (End of treatment), 1 month and 3 months follow up (FU1, FU3) in the PP and ITT populations respectively. ]
    Patient/parent global Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) is from 0 to 100. The lower the score, the better the outcome.

  2. JIA Outcome Core Set Variables - Physician Global Assessment [ Time Frame: At pretreatment visit, at weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 (End of treatment), 1 month and 3 months follow up (FU1, FU3) in the PP and ITT populations respectively. ]
    Physician global Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) is from 0 to 100. The lower the score, the better the outcome.

  3. JIA Outcome Core Set Variables - Number of Joints With Active Arthritis [ Time Frame: At pretreatment visit, at weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 (End of treatment), 1 month and 3 months follow up (FU1, FU3) in the PP and ITT populations respectively. ]
    Number of active joints is from 0 to 75. The lower the score, the better the outcome.

  4. JIA Outcome Core Set Variables - Number of Joints With Limitation [ Time Frame: At pretreatment visit, at weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 (End of treatment), 1 month and 3 months follow up (FU1, FU3) in the PP and ITT populations respectively. ]
    Number of joints with limited range of motion is from 0 to 75. The lower the score, the better the outcome.

  5. JIA Outcome Core Set Variables - CHAQ [ Time Frame: At pretreatment visit, at weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 (End of treatment), 1 month and 3 months follow up (FU1, FU3) in the PP and ITT populations respectively. ]
    The Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) is from 0 to 3. For each of 8 section (Dressing and care, Getting up, Eating, Walking, Hygiene, Grasping, Catching, Activities) answers patient is getting 0,1,2 or 3 points (no difficulties, some difficulties, much difficulties, unable to do, respectively). The sum of points is then divided by 8 to get score 0 - 3. The lower the score, the better the outcome.

  6. JIA Outcome Core Set Variables - ESR [ Time Frame: At pretreatment visit, at weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 (End of treatment), 1 month and 3 months follow up (FU1, FU3) in the PP and ITT populations respectively. ]
    Measurements of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) were performed at the local laboratory cooperating with each study site.

  7. Overall SFS Results - Sum of First Five Variables and Sum of Last Five Variables [ Time Frame: At pretreatment visit, at weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 (End of treatment), 1 month follow-up (FU1) in the PP and ITT populations respectively. ]

    Modified Systemic Feature Score (SFS) variables included:

    • temperature, rash, lymph nodes, liver and spleen size, and clinical evidence of serositis (clinical variables)
    • ESR, CRP, leukocyte count, haemoglobin, thrombocyte count (laboratory variables).

    Items in both sets of variables were scored as present (1) or not present (0) based on predefined criteria.

    SFS data were presented as the sum of the first 5 items and the sum of the last 5 items. Each sum could range from a minimum of 0 to a maximum of 5.


  8. Number of Patients With Presence or Absence of Each Item for Modified Systemic Feature Score (SFS) - Temperature [ Time Frame: Pre-treatment, Weeks 4, 8, 12, and 1-month follow up ]

    SFS variables included:

    1. temperature
    2. rash
    3. lymph nodes
    4. liver and spleen size
    5. clinical evidence of serositis (pericarditis, pleuritis or peritonitis)
    6. ESR
    7. CRP
    8. leukocyte count
    9. haemoglobin
    10. thrombocyte count

    Temperature was scored as present or not present according to the following criterion: body temperature ≥ 37.5 °C at least once a day during at least five consecutive days or presence of typical SOJIA intermittent temperature chart (patients' temperature chart analysis).


  9. Number of Patients With Presence or Absence of Each Item for Modified Systemic Feature Score (SFS) - Typical SOJIA Rash [ Time Frame: Pre-treatment, Weeks 4, 8, 12, and 1-month follow up ]

    SFS variables included:

    1. temperature
    2. rash
    3. lymph nodes
    4. liver and spleen size
    5. clinical evidence of serositis (pericarditis, pleuritis or peritonitis)
    6. ESR
    7. CRP
    8. leukocyte count
    9. haemoglobin
    10. thrombocyte count

    Typical SOJIA is a salmon pink rash on the trunk during the febrile episodes.


  10. Number of Patients With Presence or Absence of Each Item for Modified Systemic Feature Score (SFS) - Lymphadenopathy [ Time Frame: Pre-treatment, Weeks 4, 8, 12, and 1-month follow up ]

    SFS variables included:

    1. temperature
    2. rash
    3. lymph nodes
    4. liver and spleen size
    5. clinical evidence of serositis (pericarditis, pleuritis or peritonitis)
    6. ESR
    7. CRP
    8. leukocyte count
    9. haemoglobin
    10. thrombocyte count

    Lymphadenopathy was scored as present or not present according to the following criterion: lymph node (nodes) enlargement to 1.5 cm or more, localized anywhere within the body.


  11. Number of Patients With Presence or Absence of Each Item for Modified Systemic Feature Score (SFS) - Hepatomegaly and/or Splenomegaly [ Time Frame: Pre-treatment, Weeks 4, 8, 12, and 1-month follow up ]

    SFS variables included:

    1. temperature
    2. rash
    3. lymph nodes
    4. liver and spleen size
    5. clinical evidence of serositis (pericarditis, pleuritis or peritonitis)
    6. ESR
    7. CRP
    8. leukocyte count
    9. haemoglobin
    10. thrombocyte count

    Hepatomegaly and/or splenomegaly was scored as present if confirmed by ultrasound evaluation and established after comparison to age standards for organ size.


  12. Number of Patients With Presence or Absence of Each Item for Modified Systemic Feature Score (SFS) - Serositis [ Time Frame: Pre-treatment, Weeks 4, 8, 12, and 1-month follow up ]

    SFS variables included:

    1. temperature
    2. rash
    3. lymph nodes
    4. liver and spleen size
    5. clinical evidence of serositis (pericarditis, pleuritis or peritonitis)
    6. ESR
    7. CRP
    8. leukocyte count
    9. haemoglobin
    10. thrombocyte count

    Serositis (pericarditis, pleuritis or peritonitis) was scored as present if confirmed by ultrasound and/or X-ray exploration or by the presence of typical ECG findings in the case of pericarditis.


  13. Number of Patients With Presence or Absence of Each Item for Modified Systemic Feature Score (SFS) - Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) [ Time Frame: Pre-treatment, Weeks 4, 8, 12, and 1-month follow up ]

    SFS variables included:

    1. temperature
    2. rash
    3. lymph nodes
    4. liver and spleen size
    5. clinical evidence of serositis (pericarditis, pleuritis or peritonitis)
    6. ESR
    7. CRP
    8. leukocyte count
    9. haemoglobin
    10. thrombocyte count

    At the pre-treatment visit ESR was scored as present or not present according to the following criterion: ESR considered as elevated if ≥ 20 mm/h (first hour)

    At the subsequent visits ESR was scored 0 (Not present) if decreased by at least 30% as compared to pre-treatment value or normalized (< 20 mm/h); score 1 (Present) if increased or decreased less than 30%.


  14. Number of Patients With Presence or Absence of Each Item for Modified Systemic Feature Score (SFS) - C-reactive Protein (CRP) [ Time Frame: Pre-treatment, Weeks 4, 8, 12, and 1-month follow up ]

    SFS variables included:

    1. temperature
    2. rash
    3. lymph nodes
    4. liver and spleen size
    5. clinical evidence of serositis (pericarditis, pleuritis or peritonitis)
    6. ESR
    7. CRP
    8. leukocyte count
    9. haemoglobin
    10. thrombocyte count

    At the pre-treatment visit CRP was scored as present or not present according to the following criterion: CRP considered as elevated if ≥ 10 mg/L.

    At the subsequent visits CRP was scored 0 (Not present) if decreased by at least 30% compared to pre-treatment value or normalized (< 10 mg/L); score 1 (Present) if increased or decreased less than 30%.


  15. Number of Patients With Presence or Absence of Each Item for Modified Systemic Feature Score (SFS) - White Blood Cell (WBC) [ Time Frame: Pre-treatment, Weeks 4, 8, 12, and 1-month follow up ]

    SFS variables included:

    1. temperature
    2. rash
    3. lymph nodes
    4. liver and spleen size
    5. clinical evidence of serositis (pericarditis, pleuritis or peritonitis)
    6. ESR
    7. CRP
    8. leukocyte count
    9. haemoglobin
    10. thrombocyte count

    At the pre-treatment visit WBC was scored as present or not present according to the following criterion: Leukocyte count considered as elevated if ≥ 12 x 103/μL.

    At the subsequent visits WBC was scored 0 (Not present) if decreased by 20% compared to pre-treatment value or normalized (< 12x103/μL); score 1 (Present) if increased or decreased less than 20%.


  16. Number of Patients With Presence or Absence of Each Item for Modified Systemic Feature Score (SFS) - Haemoglobin (Hb) [ Time Frame: Pre-treatment, Weeks 4, 8, 12, and 1-month follow up ]

    SFS variables included:

    1. temperature
    2. rash
    3. lymph nodes
    4. liver and spleen size
    5. clinical evidence of serositis (pericarditis, pleuritis or peritonitis)
    6. ESR
    7. CRP
    8. leukocyte count
    9. haemoglobin
    10. thrombocyte count

    At the pre-treatment visit Hb was scored as present or not present according to the following criterion: Haemoglobin considered as lowered if below 11g/dL.

    At the subsequent visits Hb was scored 0 (Not present) if increased by 20% compared to pre-treatment value or normalized (> 11 g/dL); score 1 (Present) if decreased or increased less than 20%.


  17. Number of Patients With Presence or Absence of Each Item for Modified Systemic Feature Score (SFS) - Thrombocytes [ Time Frame: Pre-treatment, Weeks 4, 8, 12, and 1-month follow up ]

    SFS variables included:

    1. temperature
    2. rash
    3. lymph nodes
    4. liver and spleen size
    5. clinical evidence of serositis (pericarditis, pleuritis or peritonitis)
    6. ESR
    7. CRP
    8. leukocyte count
    9. haemoglobin
    10. thrombocyte count

    At the pre-treatment visit thrombocyte count was scored as present or not present according to the following criterion: Thrombocyte count considered as increased if ≥ 400x103/μL.

    At the subsequent visits thrombocyte count was scored 0 (Not present) if decreased by 20% compared to pretreatment value or normalized (< 400x103/μL); score 1 (Present) if increased or decreased less than 20%.


  18. Number of Patients With JIA Plus SFS Clinical Improvement [ Time Frame: At weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12. ]

    Clinical improvement at week 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 was evaluated on the basis of JIA30, JIA50 and JIA70 plus SFS (two points decrease in SFS) as per protocol.

    Patients were considered as improved and with positive therapeutic response if 3 or more JIA Core Set Variables improved by 30% and no more than one worsened by 30%. JIA50 and JIA70 were defined as an improvement of 3 or more JIA Core Set Variables by 50% and 70%, respectively, and no more than 1 worsened by 30%. Additionally two points decrease in Systemic Feature Score were considered as disease improvement.


  19. Number of Patients With Sufficient Therapeutic Response at Week 4 to Continue Treatment [ Time Frame: At week 4 ]
    Therapeutic response at week 4 was considered sufficient by the Investigator if a decrease in Systemic Feature Score of 2 (at least one of the first five variables) and/or JIA30 response (or above: 50 or 70) was obtained.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   2 Years to 25 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Established diagnosis of Systemic SOJIA according to ILAR criteria for at least six months before the study entry, with inadequate response or intolerance to standard therapy with oral steroids and/or methotrexate, with or without previously used biologic agents.
  2. Active disease for at least one month prior to enrolment as defined by the following criteria:

    • Presence of arthritis plus at least one of the following:

      • Fever, defined as a body temperature >= 37,5 C degree at least once a day during at least five consecutive days or presence of typical SOJIA intermittent temperature chart
      • Rash, defined by presence of typical SOJIA salmon pink rash on the trunk and elsewhere during the febrile episodes
      • Serositis (pericarditis, pleuritis, peritonitis) confirmed by ultrasound and/or X-ray exploration or by presence of typical ECG findings in the case of pericarditis
      • Lymphadenopathy, defined by lymph nodes enlargement to 1,5 cm or more localized anywhere within the body, and/or hepatomegaly and/or splenomegaly, confirmed by ultrasound evaluation and established after comparison to age standards for organ size
      • ESR >= 20 mm/h (first hour) and/or CRP >= 10 mg/L. in the absence of arthritis, two definite or one definite and one probable diagnostic criteria plus ESR >=20 mm/h (first hour) and/or CRP >=10 mg/L
  3. Age at enrolment between 2 and 25 years
  4. Age at first SOJIA diagnosis < 16 years
  5. Previously introduced standard treatment of disease with steroids without satisfactory effect and concomitant treatment with oral steroids at a dose equivalent to >= 0,2 mg/kg/day of prednisolone, unmodified for at least four weeks before patient's enrolment
  6. In case of concomitant methotrexate treatment, it has to be on stable dose >= 10mg/m2 weekly for al least 4 weeks before pt enrollment
  7. Previous treatment with biologics, if any, during at least three months without satisfactory effect or with drug intolerability, discontinued for at least the period specified below before patient's enrolment:

    • Two months for etanercept
    • Six months for infliximab
  8. Other disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs possibly previously introduced have to be discontinued for a period of at least five half lives
  9. Concomitant nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, if any, on a stable dose for at least four weeks before patient's enrolment
  10. Female of childbearing potential, using safe contraceptive measures
  11. Signed written informed consent before starting any study procedure

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Ongoing clinical relevant viral infection (eg.: Herpes Zoster, Ebstein barr, CMV, Systemic fungal infections or history of recurrent serious bacterial infection)
  2. History of macrophage activation syndrome
  3. Clinically significant illness i.e. any condition (including laboratory abnormalities) that in the opinion of the Investigator places the patient to unacceptable risk for adverse outcome if he/she were to participate in the study
  4. Psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study medication and protocol requirements
  5. Congenital heart and/or central nervous system disorders
  6. Inherited metabolic diseases
  7. Positive serological testing for anti HCV, anti HIV and HBsAg (to be performed at screening)
  8. Pregnant or lactating women
  9. Presence of malignancy
  10. Any previous evidence, irrespective of its severity, of coronary disease, cardiac rhythm abnormalities or congestive heart failure
  11. QTc interval > 450 msec at screening evaluation
  12. Serum magnesium and potassium below the LLN at screening
  13. Unavoidable concomitant treatment with any drug known for potential risk of causing Torsades de Pointes

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00570661


Locations
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Romania
Clinica Institute Fundeni.Pediatric Clinic 258 Sos. Fundeni,
Bucharest, Romania, 022328
Clinical Emergency Children Hospital "M.S. Curie" Paediatric Clinic no. I 20 Ctin. Brancoveanu Bvd., 041451 Bucharest 4th district
Bucharest, Romania, 041451
Serbia
University Clinical Centre NisClinic of Paediatrics Department for Rheumatology Bul Dr Zoran Djindjica
Niš, Nis, Serbia, 18000
Mother and Child Health Institute "Dr. Vukan Cupic" Clinic of Paediatrics Radoja Dakica
Belgrade, Novi Belgrade, Serbia, 6-811070
Institute of Rheumatology Belgrade Resavska
Belgrade, Serbia, 6911000
Sponsors and Collaborators
Italfarmaco
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Nemanja Damjanov, MD, PhD Institute of Rheumatology Belgrade
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Italfarmaco
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00570661    
Other Study ID Numbers: DSC/05/2357/19
First Posted: December 11, 2007    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 4, 2021
Last Update Posted: May 4, 2021
Last Verified: April 2021
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Arthritis
Arthritis, Juvenile
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases
Connective Tissue Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Givinostat hydrochloride
Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action