Physical Training and Health Education in Hospitalized Elderly
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03604640|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 27, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 17, 2022
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Functionally-Impaired Elderly||Other: Physical Training||Not Applicable|
This research aims to investigate the effect of a training program using gait and muscle training and health education, over the functional capacity of elderly hospitalized patients.
The Randomized controlled trial with patients hospitalized in the Acute Care Unit of the Geriatric Department. Participants aged 75 years or older admitted for a short hospital stay will be randomly assigned in a four-week block, to either usual care (control) group or an intervention (training group). Participants allocated in the control group will receive standard hospital care. Participants allocated in the intervention group will perform during hospitalization, training program (30 minutes per session, two sessions per day, lower limb strength training, balance training, walking and inspiratory muscle training) and also health education. Health education consists of several informational activities. Each activity session will teach the patient and caregiver how to perform the exercises to ensure they will continue to be performed at home and before discharge the entire session will be devoted to reviewing the entire program. The type, frequency and progression of the exercises to be carried out will be reviewed; they will be explained how to do them at home and given personalized written instructions with illustrations of the exercises. Also, after one month and two months of discharge, the professional with whom they have completed the training will call them to insist on the completion of the program or to clarify any doubts that may exist.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||260 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Physical Training and Health Education in the Prevention of Hospital-associated Functional Impairment in Elderly Patients|
|Actual Study Start Date :||May 3, 2018|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||June 30, 2022|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||June 30, 2022|
|No Intervention: standard care|
|Experimental: Physical and educational program||
Other: Physical Training
Physical exercise program and health education
- Recover basal functional capacity [ Time Frame: Three months after discharge ]Changes in the number of Activities of daily living (ADLs) that the patients could perform independently. The six basic ADLs include: bathing, dressing, toileting, transferring, continence, and eating. For each ADL, a score of 0 is assigned for dependence and 1 for independence. A summary scale is constructed by summing the individual ADLs (range of 0-6). Recovery is defined as performance that is at least as good at discharge or 3-months postdischarge as it was at baseline.
- Recover basal functional status by Barthel Index of Activities of Daily Living [ Time Frame: Three months after discharge ]Change in functional status as measured by other scale of physical function: Barthel Index. This index measures the extent to which somebody can function independently and has mobility in their activities of daily living (ADL). Including: feeding, bathing, grooming, dressing, bowel control, bladder control, toileting, chair transfer, ambulation and stair climbing. Scoring 0 points would be dependent in all assessed activities of daily living, whereas a score of 100 would reflect independence in these activities. Low scores on individual items highlight areas of need. Recovery is defined as performance that is at least as good at discharge or 3-months postdischarge as it was at baseline.
- Ability to walk independently [ Time Frame: Three months after discharge ]Changes in functional Ambulation Classification (FAC) scale as one of five functional levels of ambulation (range of 0-4). A score of 0 is assigned if the patient cannot walk, one if the patient requires continuous manual contact to support the body, 2 for light or intermittent manual contact to assist balance, 3 for independent but supervised ambulation, and 4 for independent ambulation on level surfaces or stairs. Recovery is defined as performance that is at least as good at discharge or 3-months postdischarge as it was at baseline.
- Physical capacity by the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) [ Time Frame: Measurements are taken on the day of admission to the study and the day of discharge from the hospital, an average of 6 days of hospital stay. ]Changes in functional status as measured by the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB). SPPB is measured at admission and discharge. Consists of 3 components: standing balance, gait speed, and repeated chair rise. Balance includes standing with feet side-by-side, semi-tandem, and tandem stance. Gait speed scores reflected the time needed to walk 4 m. Repeated chair rise is scored based on time to complete 5 chair rises. Each SPPB component is scored from 0 to 4, and the total sore ranged was 0-12 with higher scores indicating better function. Recovery is defined as performance that is at least as good at discharge as it was at baseline.
- Physical capacity by the Alusti test [ Time Frame: Measurements are taken on the day of admission to the study and the day of discharge from the hospital, an average of 6 days of hospital stay. ]Changes in functional status as measured by the by the Alusti test. The Alusti test is built in its two versions, complete and abbreviated with below variables: 1) Passive joint mobility 2) Active muscle mobility 3) Transfer from decubitus-supine to seat 4) Sitting trunk 5) Transfer from sitting to standing 6) Standing 7) Walk 8) Operating range 9) Tandem with closed eyes 10) Monopodal support with closed eyes. Each of the variables has a score ranging from 0 to 2, 5, 7, 10 and 25 thresholds. The maximum score that can be obtained in the full Alusti test is 100 points and in the short version of 50: they correspond, respectively, to a situation of excellent/preserved mobility. The minimum score for both versions is 0 points, which would correspond to a total dependency situation. Recovery is defined as performance that is at least as good at discharge as it was at baseline.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03604640
|Hospital general Universitario Gregorio Marañón|
|Madrid, Spain, 28007|
|Principal Investigator:||Jose A Serra, PhD||HGU Gregorio Marañon|