Study of the Anti-FGF23 Antibody, Burosumab, in Adults With XLH
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03920072|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 18, 2019
Last Update Posted : May 20, 2022
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|X-linked Hypophosphatemia||Drug: Burosumab||Phase 3|
XLH is a rare, genetic disorder that is serious, chronically debilitating and represents an unmet medical need. XLH is the most common inherited form of rickets and the most common inherited defect in renal tubular phosphate transport. XLH is transmitted as an X-linked dominant disorder. Mutations resulting in the loss of function of PHEX form the genetic basis for XLH. More than 300 different PHEX gene mutations have been identified in patients with XLH (PHEXdb); however, few definitive correlations have been observed between specific mutations and phenotypic severity.
Patients with XLH have hypophosphatemia due to excessive serum FGF23 levels. FGF23 reduces serum phosphorus levels by two distinct mechanisms of action. The primary mechanism is to inhibit phosphate reabsorption in the proximal tubule of the kidney. The secondary mechanism is to decrease phosphate absorption by the small intestine through the inhibition of 1,25(OH)2D production in the kidney.
Burosumab has the potential to block or reduce FGF23 action and improve phosphate homeostasis in XLH patients. Burosumab binds the amino-terminal domain of FGF23 that interacts with the FGF-binding portion of the combination FGFR1/Klotho receptor, preventing FGF23 from binding to and signaling from its receptor. Both intact and fragmented FGF23 polypeptides are immunoprecipitated with burosumab. By inhibiting FGF23, burosumab restores tubular reabsorption of phosphate (as measured by the ratio of renal tubular maximum reabsorption rate of phosphate to glomerular filtration rate [TmP/GFR]) from the kidney and increases the production of 1,25(OH)2D that also enhances intestinal absorption of phosphate. The dual action on kidney reabsorption and intestinal absorption improves serum phosphorus levels, which is expected to improve bone mineralization and reduce the diverse bone and non-bone manifestations associated with hypophosphatemia in XLH patients.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||35 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||Open-label, international, multicenter|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||A Phase 3b Open-label Study of the Anti-FGF23 Antibody, Burosumab (KRN23) in Adult Patients With X-linked Hypophosphatemia (XLH)|
|Actual Study Start Date :||March 7, 2019|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||April 7, 2022|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||April 7, 2022|
All subjects will be administered subcutaneously burosumab every 4 weeks at the dosage defined in study UX023-CL303 or UX023-CL304 until December 2021 or when the drug becomes commercially available.
Burosumab is a sterile, clear, colourless and preservative free solution supplied in single-use 5ml vials containing 1mL of burosumab at a concentration of 30mg/mL
- Proportion of subjects achieving mean serum phosphorus levels above the LLN (2.5mg/dL[0.81mmol/L]), as averaged across dose cycles between baseline and their last administered dose. [ Time Frame: Serum phosphorous levels will be monitored from Screening and every 12 weeks until the end of the study, at approximately 144 weeks. ]To establish the effect of burosumab treatment on maintaining serum phosphorus levels to within normal range in adults with XLH.
- Effect of burosumab on pre-existing pseudofracture healing will be monitored by centrally read targeted X-Ray [ Time Frame: Targetted X-Rays at ongoing fracture sites will be taken at the End of Study Visit, approximately week 144. ]Targeted radiography at locations pre-determined by the skeletal survey performed during UX023-CL303 or UX023-CL304 will be taken to monitor healing of pseudofractures and/or fractures.
- Effect of burosumab on patients walking ability measured using the 6 Minute Walk Test. [ Time Frame: The 6MWT will be measured at Baseline and then every 12 weeks for the first 48 weeks and then every 24 weeks for up to 144 weeks ]Patient's motor function by sustained walking will be evaluated using the 6 Minute Walk Test. (6MWT). The percent predicted values for the 6MWT will be calculated using published normative data based on age, gender and height.
- Effect of burosumab on Patient mobility assessed using the Timed Up and Go Test (TUG). [ Time Frame: The TUG Test will be assessed at Baseline and then every 12 weeks for the first 48 weeks and then every 24 weeks for up to 144 weeks ]The TUG assesses transitions during ambulatory activity incorporating strength, agility and dynamic balance assessments. The TUG score will be reported as the time (in seconds) that a subject takes to rise from a chair, walk three meters (approximately 10 feet), turn around, walk back to the chair and sit down.
- Effect of burosumab on stiffness and physical function will be assessed using WOMAC. [ Time Frame: The WOMAC questionnaire will be administered at Baseline and then every 12 weeks for 48 weeks and every 12 weeks for up to 48 weeks and then every 24 weeks for up to 96 weeks ]The patient's impression of their stiffness and physical function will be assessed by administering the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) questionnaire- a 24 item patient reported questionnaire. The WOMAC will be administered in a 5-point Likert-scale format using descriptors of none, mild, moderate, severe and extreme corresponding to an ordinal scale of 0 to 4. Higher scores on the WOMAC indicate worse stiffness and functional limitations.
- Effect of burosumab on patient's pain severity and the impact of pain on functioning will be assessed using the Short-form Brief Pain Inventory questionnaire. [ Time Frame: The BPI will be administered at Baseline and then every 12 weeks for 48 weeks and then every 24 weeks for up to 144 weeks ]The patient's recall of pain over a 24 hour period will be captured by administering the short form of the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) questionnaire. The BPI evaluates the condition of all pain over the previous 24 hours. Two dimensions are measured: pain severity (worst, least, average and now) and the impact of pain on functioning (pain interference with general activity, walking, work, mood, enjoyment of life, relations with others and sleep).
- Effect of burosumab on patient's fatigue and the interference of fatigue on daily life over a 24 hour period. [ Time Frame: The BFI will be administered at Baseline and then every 12 weeks for up to 48 weeks and then every 12 weeks for up to 144 weeks ]The patient's recall of fatigue will be captured by administering the Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI) questionnaire. The BFI is a self-reported questionnaire consisting of nine items related to fatigue that are rated on a 0 to 10 numerical rating scale with a recall period of 24 hours. Two dimensions are measured: fatigue and the interference of fatigue on daily life. The change from baseline to post-baseline visits will be assessed.
- Effect of burosumab on bone metabolism and phosphate homeostasis using urinary phosphorus as PD marker. [ Time Frame: Pharmacodynamic analysis will be conducted at Baseline and every 12 weeks for up to 88 weeks ]Pharmacodynamic assessment.
- Effect of burosumab on enthesopathy will be monitored by centrally read targeted X-Ray. [ Time Frame: Lateral foot views (bilateral) will be obtained at screening and at End of Study, approximately week 88. ]Lateral foot views (bilateral) will be obtained in all subjects at Screening (as part of skeletal survey) and at End of Study (EOS). Size of enthesopathy spurs at both the superior and inferior calcaneus will be measured in two dimensions.
- Effect of burosumab on bone metabolism and phosphate homeostasis using Serum Phosphorus as PD marker. [ Time Frame: Pharmacodynamic analysis will be conducted at Baseline and every 12 weeks for up to 88 weeks. ]Pharmacodynamic assessment.
- Effect of burosumab on bone metabolism and phosphate homeostasis using serum 1, 25(OH)2D as PD marker. [ Time Frame: Pharmacodynamic analysis will be conducted at Baseline and every 12 weeks for up to 88 weeks. ]Pharmacodynamic assessment.
- Effect of Burosumab on phosphate reabsorption as measured by the ratio of renal tubular maximum reabsorption rate of phosphate to glomerular filtrate [TmP/GFR]. [ Time Frame: Pharmacodynamic analysis will be conducted at Baseline and every 12 weeks for up to 88 weeks. ]Pharmacodynamic assessment.
- Effect of burosumab on health related quality of life as measured by SF-36v2 [ Time Frame: The SF-36v2 will be administered at Baseline and then every 12 weeks for 48 weeks and then every 24 weeks for up to 144 weeks ]Patients will answer questions around their physical functioning, bodily pain, general health perceptions, vitality, social functioning, role limitations due to emotional problems and mental health
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03920072
|CHU de Bicetre|
|Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France, 94275|
|Paris, France, 75010|
|Paris, France, 75014|
|St. Vincent's University Hospital|
|Dublin, Ireland, D04 T6F4|
|Azienda ospedaliera universitaria Careggi|
|Florence, Italy, 50139|
|Western General Hospital|
|Edinburgh, United Kingdom, EH4 2XU|
|National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery-University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust|
|London, United Kingdom, WC1N 3BG|
|Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre - Oxford University Hospitals Nhs Trust|
|Oxford, United Kingdom, OX3 7LD|
|Northen General Hospital|
|Sheffield, United Kingdom, S5 7AU|
|Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust|
|Stanmore, United Kingdom, HA7 4LP|
|Principal Investigator:||Peter Kamenicky||CHU de Bicêtre|