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Melpida: Recombinant Adeno-associated Virus (Serotype 9) Encoding a Codon Optimized Human AP4M1 Transgene (hAP4M1opt)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT05518188
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 26, 2022
Last Update Posted : November 29, 2023
Cure SPG50
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Susan T Iannaccone, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Brief Summary:
MELPIDA is proposed for the treatment of subjects with SPG50 and targets neuronal cells to deliver a fully functional human AP4M1 cDNA copy via intrathecal injection to counter the associated neuronal loss. Outcomes will evaluate the safety and tolerability of a single dose of MELPIDA, which will be measured by the treatment-associated adverse events (AEs) and serious adverse events (SAEs). Secondarily, the trial will explore efficacy in terms of disease burden assessments.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Spasticity, Muscle Microcephaly Intellectual Deficiency Growth Retardation SPG50 Spastic Paraplegia Biological: MELPIDA Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

MELPIDA is a gene therapy product being developed for the treatment of Spastic Paraplegia Type 50 (SPG50), which is one of a group of four genetic disorders (SPG47, SPG50, SPG51 and SPG52) comprising AP-4 related Spastic Paraplegia (AP4-SPG). Inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern, AP-4- SPG is caused by biallelic pathogenic variants in one of 4 genes that encode components of the heterotrimeric adaptor protein complex 4 (AP4). Mutations in any of the components result in disrupted AP-4 function, and result in a common, shared clinical phenotype. Adaptor protein complexes such as AP-4 play key roles in signal-mediated trafficking of integral membrane proteins. They mediate vesicle formation and the cargo contained within these vesicles. While the precise function of the AP-4 complex is not fully understood, recent data suggests it plays an important role in protein sorting through the golgi, including regulation of trafficking of components required for autophagy. Deficiency in AP-4 leads to progressive neurodegeneration.

AP-4-HSP is an ultra-rare autosomal recessive disease with ~156 patients identified worldwide, 59 of which have the SPG50 subtype. There are approximately 9 patients with SPG50 in North America (OMIM #612936), Identifier: NCT04712812. SPG50 is caused by biallelic pathogenic variants in the AP4M1 gene.

The AP4-deficiency syndrome (AP-4-HSP) is characterized by progressive spasticity, microcephaly, intellectual deficiency, dysmorphic traits, and growth retardation. Symptoms of AP-4-HSP begin in infancy, though patients are often not correctly identified and diagnosed until age 5 to 10 years. Patients experience progressive spastic paraplegia in the first decade of life, resulting in quadriplegia by adolescence or early adulthood with associated wheelchair dependence. There is also the presence of severe, progressive cognitive impairment. Epilepsy is an important co-morbidity present in the majority of cases. Only a few affected individuals have been identified to survive beyond age 30 year, though the extent of early mortality is yet to be fully elucidated.

Based on an AP-4-HSP natural history study currently in progress at Boston Children's Hospital (BCH), it is evident that disease severity ranges from child to child, but that most children fall into the severely affected (i.e. severe spasticity with paralysis and severe cognitive impairment) category. A small proportion of children, considered least severe, are able to speak in short sentences, walk with an abnormal gait, and have few to no seizures early on in the disease (less than 10 years of age). However, most children in this less severe category still experience progressive decline, ultimately losing the ability to walk and becoming quadriplegic between the ages of 10 and 20 years.

The majority of children with the SPG50 subtype of AP-4-HSP conform to a severe presentation, and are completely non-verbal, have microcephaly, never walk, have epilepsy and are severely cognitively impaired by the age of 10. It is not known how patients are affected later in life as very few have been identified beyond the age of 30. SPG50 is thus a degenerative neurological disease, affecting both cognitive and motor capabilities. Importantly, there is significant care giver burden, as all patients eventually require complete support for all activities of daily living from family and/or caregivers. There are no treatments currently available for patients with SPG50.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 2 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1/2 Open-label Intrathecal Administration of MELPIDA to Determine Its Safety and Efficacy for Patients With Spastic Paraplegia Type 50 (SPG50) Caused by Mutation in the AP4M1 Gene.
Actual Study Start Date : February 15, 2023
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 1, 2028
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 1, 2030

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment Arm
MELPIDA, a gene therapy product
Biological: MELPIDA
MELPIDA, a recombinant serotype 9 adeno-associated virus (AAV) encoding a codon-optimized human AP4M1 transgene

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of unanticipated treatment-related toxicities, Grade 3 or higher in participants with SPG50 [ Time Frame: 60 months ]
    Incidence of unanticipated treatment-related toxicities, Grade 3 or higher, in participants with SPG50 will be determined from the collection of occurrence and severity of serious adverse events (SAEs). Adverse events will be determined according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Version 5.0.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Stability or improvement in spasticity in participants with SPG50 as measured by the Modified Ashworth scale (MAS) [ Time Frame: 60 months ]
    Stability or improvement in spasticity in participants with SPG50 is measured by the Modified Ashworth scale (MAS) which is a muscle tone assessment scale used to assess the resistance experienced during passive range of motion. Possible scores range from 0-4 where lower scores indicate better outcome.

  2. Stability or improvement in spasticity in participants with SPG50 as measured by the Tardieu scale [ Time Frame: 60 months ]
    Stability or improvement in spasticity in participants with SPG50 is measured by the Tardieu scale which quantifies muscle spasticity by assessing the response of the muscle to stretch applied at specified velocities. Possible scores range from 0-5 where lower scores indicate better outcome.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Year to 10 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age 1-10 years old
  2. Confirmed diagnosis of SPG50 disease by:

    1. Genomic DNA mutation analysis demonstrating homozygous or compound heterozygous, confirmed pathogenic variants in the AP4M1 gene
    2. Clinical history or examination features consistent with SPG50 and that include neurologic dysfunction
  3. Parent/legal guardian willing to provide written informed consent for their child prior to participation in the study
  4. Subject able to comply with all protocol requirements and procedures
  5. Ability to stand for more than 5 seconds OR
  6. Ability to take 5 steps independently or with a walker OR
  7. Modified Ashworth Scale score 2 or below (Ankles).

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Inability to participate in study procedures (as determined by the site investigator)
  2. Presence of a concomitant medical condition that precludes lumbar puncture (LP) or use of anesthetics
  3. History of bleeding disorder or any other medical condition or circumstance in which lumbar puncture is contraindicated according to local institutional policy
  4. Inability to be safely sedated in the opinion of the clinical anesthesiologist
  5. Active infection, at the time of dosing, based on clinical observations
  6. Concomitant illness or requirement for chronic drug treatment that in the opinion of the PI creates unnecessary risks for gene transfer
  7. Inability of the patient to undergo MRI according to local institutional policy
  8. Inability of the patient to undergo any other procedure required in this study
  9. The presence of significant non-SPG50 related CNS impairment or behavioral disturbances that would confound the scientific rigor or interpretation of results of the study
  10. Have received an investigational drug within 30 days prior to screening or plan to receive an investigational drug (other than gene therapy) during the study.
  11. Enrollment and participation in another interventional clinical trial
  12. Contraindication to MELPIDA or any of its ingredients
  13. Contraindication to any of the immune suppression medications used in this study
  14. Clinically significant abnormal laboratory values (GGT, ALT, and AST, or total bilirubin > 3 × ULN, creatinine ≥ 1.5 mg/dL, hemoglobin [Hgb] < 6 or > 20 g/dL; white blood cell [WBC] > 20,000 per cmm) prior to gene replacement therapy.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT05518188

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Contact: Sydney Cooper, MSc 214-250-0174

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United States, Texas
Children's Medical Center Dallas Recruiting
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75235
Contact: SUSAN IANNACCONE, MD    214-456-5220   
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Cure SPG50
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Principal Investigator: Susan T. Iannaccone, MD, FAAN UT Southwestern Medical Center
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Responsible Party: Susan T Iannaccone, Professor - Pediatrics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Identifier: NCT05518188    
Other Study ID Numbers: IND No 028202; Serial No 0000
First Posted: August 26, 2022    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 29, 2023
Last Verified: November 2023
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Cure SPG50
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Time Frame: End of study

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Muscle Spasticity
Muscular Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Muscle Hypertonia
Neuromuscular Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Craniofacial Abnormalities
Musculoskeletal Abnormalities
Malformations of Cortical Development, Group I
Malformations of Cortical Development
Nervous System Malformations
Congenital Abnormalities