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A First-in-human Study to Learn How Safe the Study Drug BAY3375968, an Anti-CCR8 Antibody, is, When Given Alone or in Combination With Pembrolizumab, How it Affects the Body, How it Moves Into, Through, and Out of the Body, and to Find the Best Dose in Participants With Advanced Solid Tumors

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05537740
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 13, 2022
Last Update Posted : May 30, 2024
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bayer

Brief Summary:

Researchers are looking for a better way to treat people who have advanced solid tumors. Advanced solid tumors are solid cancers that may have spread to nearby tissue, lymph nodes and/or to distant parts of the body and that are unlikely to be cured or controlled with currently available treatments.

A new therapy available for advanced solid cancers is immunotherapy with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors. This drug class stimulates immune cells to kill cancer cells by blocking a protein called PD-1. Although PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors have shown benefits in treatment of cancer, only a subset of patients benefit from the initial therapy, while in others the cancer comes back. One reason could be that the ability of the patients' immune systems to kill cancer cells is weakened by so-called regulatory T cells which have a suppressive effect on the immune system.

The study treatment BAY3375968 is an antibody that binds to a protein called CCR8 which is located on the surface of regulatory T cells. This leads to a reduction in regulatory T cells and further inhibits their immune suppressive activity, so that the immune response against cancer can be strengthened as observed in animal models. Animal studies also showed that BAY3375968 may add more anti-cancer effect to immunotherapy with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors when used in combination. All of these previous observations need to be confirmed in humans.

The main aims of this study are to find for BAY3375968 alone and in combination with pembrolizumab (a PD-1 inhibitor):

  • how safe it is
  • the degree to which overt medical problems caused by the treatment(s) can be tolerated
  • the highest amount of BAY3375968 that can be given alone or in combination with pembrolizumab.
  • how it moves into, through, and out of the body.

To do this, researchers will collect and analyze data about:

  • the number and severity of participants' medical problems after taking their treatments
  • the best dose of BAY3375968 that can be given
  • the highest level in the blood (Cmax) and the total level (AUC) of BAY3375968.

Doctors keep track of all medical problems (also called adverse events) that participants have during the study, even if they do not think that they might be related to the study treatment.

The researchers will also study the activity of BAY3375968 alone and in combination with pembrolizumab against the cancer.

The study will have 2 parts. Part 1 (dose escalation) focuses on tumor types that respond to immunotherapy. It will help to find the best dose for BAY3375968 alone and in combination with pembrolizumab that can be given in part 2. For this, the participants will receive one specific dose of several increasing BAY3375968 doses tested in part 1. Dose escalation of BAY3375968 alone will be done prior to the dose escalation of the combination with a fixed dose of pembrolizumab.

The participants of part 2 (dose expansion), will receive the best dose of BAY3375968 alone or in combination with pembrolizumab found in part 1. This part of the study focuses on certain cancer types of the lung, breast, head and neck cancer, and melanoma.

The total duration of the study will be approximately 4 years and 7 months. Each participant in the study will visit the study site twice before starting their treatment. Once the treatment starts, the frequency of visits is 5 times per week in the first treatment week and 1 to 3 times per month in later treatment periods. Another visit will be scheduled for the participants within 30 days after the last treatment in the study.

During the study, the study team will:

  • take blood and urine samples
  • do physical and vital signs examinations
  • examine heart health using ECG and Echocardiogram
  • check the tumor status and if the participants' cancer has grown and/or spread using imaging techniques
  • take tumor samples
  • ask questions about the impact of the disease on the participants' general well-being and activities of daily life.

About 90 days after the participants receive their last treatment and discontinued the study, the doctors will check the participants' health. In case a new anticancer therapy has been started, medical problems will be recorded via a phone call.

The study team will continue to check the participants' cancer status about every 12 weeks until their cancer gets worse, the start of a new anti-cancer therapy, or withdrawal of consent. In addition, every 6 months for up to 24 months after the last participant left the study the study team will check the participants' survival and subsequent anticancer treatment by phone until the end of this study.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Advanced Solid Tumors Drug: BAY3375968 Drug: Pembrolizumab Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 270 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: First-in-human Dose-escalation and Expansion Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability, and Pharmacokinetics of the Anti-CCR8 Antibody BAY 3375968 as Monotherapy and in Combination With Pembrolizumab in Participants With Selected Advanced Solid Tumors
Actual Study Start Date : October 11, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 18, 2026
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 4, 2027

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Dose escalation - Arm 1A
Dose escalation of BAY3375968 as monotherapy
Drug: BAY3375968
Intravenous (IV) infusion

Experimental: Dose escalation - Arm 1B
Dose escalation of BAY 3375968 in combination with pembrolizumab
Drug: BAY3375968
Intravenous (IV) infusion

Drug: Pembrolizumab
IV infusion

Experimental: Dose expansion - Arm 2A
BAY3375968 monotherapy-mode-of-action (monotherapy-MoA) expansion in subjects with one of the following tumor types: NSCLC (PD-L1 tumor proportion score [TPS] ≥50%), TNBC (PD-L1 combined positive score [CPS] ≥10), HNSCC (PD-L1 CPS ≥20), or melanoma (no PD-L1 cut-off). The tumors should have primary (ICI-refractory) or secondary (ICI-relapsed) resistance to prior ICI-therapy. The final decision on the enrolled tumor type is at the discretion of the Sponsor.
Drug: BAY3375968
Intravenous (IV) infusion

Experimental: Dose expansion - Arm 2B
Disease-specific combination expansion with separate cohorts in 4 ICI-relapsed tumor types (NSCLC, TNBC, HNSCC, and melanoma)
Drug: BAY3375968
Intravenous (IV) infusion

Drug: Pembrolizumab
IV infusion




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of participants with treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) categorized by severity [ Time Frame: First administration of study treatment up to 90 days after the last dose of study treatment ]
  2. Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) or Maximum administered dose (MAD) [ Time Frame: Up to 21 days ]
  3. Number of participants experiencing dose-limiting toxicity (DLTs) at each dose level in the dose-escalation part of the study [ Time Frame: Up to 21 days ]
  4. Recommended dose for expansion (RDE) [ Time Frame: Approximately 34 months ]
  5. Peak plasma concentration after drug administration (Cmax) of BAY3375968 [ Time Frame: Up to 21 days after first drug administration ]
  6. Area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) of BAY3375968 [ Time Frame: Up to 21 days after first drug administration ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective response rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: From start of treatment up to end of safety follow-up (90 days (±7 days) after the last administration of study treatment) ]
    ORR (RECIST [Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors]) is defined as the proportion of participants with best overall response rating over the whole duration of the study of CR (complete response) or PR (partial response) according to RECIST 1.1 by Investigator assessment.

  2. Fold change in serum IFN (Interferon)-γ (as measured by immune-based assay) in on-treatment compared with baseline serum samples [ Time Frame: Approximately 60 months ]
  3. Fold change in intratumor CD8+ T cell/Treg ratio (as measured by IHC [Immunohistochemistry]) in on-treatment compared with baseline tumor biopsies [ Time Frame: Approximately 60 months ]
  4. Recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) [ Time Frame: Approximately 60 months ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Capable of giving signed informed consent.
  • Has received, been intolerant to, or been ineligible for all treatment options proven to confer clinical benefit.
  • Measurable disease per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance status (PS) of 0 or 1.
  • Adequate renal and liver function.
  • Male individuals and female individuals of childbearing potential who engage in heterosexual intercourse must agree to use methods of contraception.
  • Female participants are eligible if they are not pregnant, not breastfeeding or not a Woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP).
  • Inclusion criterion for the dose-escalation: Individuals with histologically or cytologically confirmed, advanced or metastatic solid tumors.
  • Inclusion criteria for disease-specific combination expansion: Individuals with histologically or cytologically confirmed Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), or melanoma.
  • Inclusion criterion for the monotherapy-MoA expansion: Individuals with histologically or cytologically confirmed NSCLC.
  • Willingness and medical feasibility (as per Investigator assessment) to undergo paired tumor biopsies with a non-significant risk.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • A known additional malignancy that is progressing or has required active treatment within the past 3 years.
  • Primary central nervous system malignancy.
  • Major surgery ≤ 28 days before start of study treatment.
  • Any unresolved toxicity of Grade ≥ 2, not otherwise specified in other eligibility criteria, from previous anticancer treatment, except for alopecia and skin pigmentation.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness requiring systemic treatment or solid organ transplant.
  • Known hypersensitivity to study treatment or any drugs similar in structure or class, including severe hypersensitivity (≥ Grade 3) to pembrolizumab and/or any of its excipients.
  • Any toxicity (Grade 3 or 4) related to prior immunotherapy leading to prior treatment discontinuation.
  • History of congestive heart failure New York Heart Association (NYHA) >II.
  • Medical history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis/interstitial lung disease (ILD), drug-induced ILD, radiation pneumonitis which required steroid treatment, or any evidence of clinically-active pneumonitis/ILD.
  • HIV-infection with a history of Kaposi sarcoma and/or Multicentric Castleman Disease.
  • Known psychiatric or substance abuse disorder that would interfere with the participant's ability to cooperate with the requirements of the study.
  • History or current evidence of any condition, therapy, laboratory abnormality, or other circumstance that might confound the results of the study or interfere with the participant's participation for the full duration of the study, such that it is not in the best interest of the participant to participate, in the opinion of the treating Investigator.
  • Any other history, condition, therapy, or uncontrolled intercurrent illness which could in the opinion of the Investigator affect compliance with study requirements.
  • New brain metastases on screening brain MRI/CT; previously treated brain metastases that are progressive at screening or leptomeningeal disease.
  • Prior therapy with a C-C motif chemokine receptor 8 (CCR8) depleting antibody.
  • Prior allogeneic tissue/solid organ transplant.
  • Radiation therapy to the lung that is > 30 Gy within 6 months before the start of study treatment.
  • Diagnosis of immunodeficiency or current chronic systemic steroid therapy (in dosing exceeding 10 mg daily of prednisone equivalent).
  • Active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05537740


Contacts
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Contact: Bayer Clinical Trials Contact (+)1-888-84 22937 clinical-trials-contact@bayer.com

Locations
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Sponsors and Collaborators
Bayer
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Bayer
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05537740    
Other Study ID Numbers: 21820
First Posted: September 13, 2022    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 30, 2024
Last Verified: May 2024
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description:

Availability of this study's data will later be determined according to Bayer's commitment to the EFPIA/PhRMA "Principles for responsible clinical trial data sharing". This pertains to scope, timepoint and process of data access.

As such, Bayer commits to sharing upon request from qualified researchers patient-level clinical trial data, study-level clinical trial data, and protocols from clinical trials in patients for medicines and indications approved in the US and EU as necessary for conducting legitimate research. This applies to data on new medicines and indications that have been approved by the EU and US regulatory agencies on or after January 01, 2014.

Interested researchers can use www.clinicalstudydatarequest.com to request access to anonymized patient-level data and supporting documents from clinical studies to conduct research. Information on the Bayer criteria for listing studies and other relevant information is provided in the Study sponsors section of the portal.


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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Bayer:
Relapse
Immunooncology treatment
Non small cell lung cancer
NSCLC
HNSCC
Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas
Melanoma
TNBC
Triple negative breast cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms
Pembrolizumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action