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Testing Olaparib and Temozolomide Versus the Usual Treatment for Uterine Leiomyosarcoma After Chemotherapy Has Stopped Working

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05432791
Recruitment Status : Suspended (End of Initial Phase of Multi-phase protocol)
First Posted : June 27, 2022
Last Update Posted : May 21, 2024
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase II/III trial compares the effect of the combination treatment with olaparib and temozolomide to trabectedin or pazopanib (two of the most common chemotherapy drugs used as usual approach) in patients with uterine leiomyosarcoma that may have spread from where it first started to nearby tissue, lymph nodes, or distant parts of the body (advanced) after initial chemotherapy has stopped working. The usual approach is defined as care most people get for advanced uterine leiomyosarcoma. Olaparib is a PARP inhibitor. PARP is a protein that helps repair damaged deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Blocking PARP may prevent tumor cells from repairing their damaged DNA, causing them to die. PARP inhibitors are a type of targeted therapy. Temozolomide is in a class of medications called alkylating agents. It works by slowing or stopping the growth of tumor cells in the body. The combination of olaparib and temozolomide may work better than the usual treatment in shrinking or stabilizing advanced uterine leiomyosarcoma after initial chemotherapy has stopped working.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Locally Advanced Uterine Corpus Leiomyosarcoma Metastatic Uterine Corpus Leiomyosarcoma Stage III Uterine Corpus Leiomyosarcoma AJCC v8 Stage IV Uterine Corpus Leiomyosarcoma AJCC v8 Unresectable Uterine Corpus Leiomyosarcoma Procedure: Biospecimen Collection Procedure: Bone Scan Procedure: Computed Tomography Procedure: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Procedure: Multigated Acquisition Scan Drug: Olaparib Drug: Pazopanib Drug: Temozolomide Drug: Trabectedin Procedure: Transthoracic Echocardiography Phase 2 Phase 3

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To compare the progression free survival (PFS) of olaparib plus temozolomide (Arm 1) as compared to investigator's choice (trabectedin or pazopanib hydrochloride [pazopanib]) (Arm 2) for the treatment of patients with advanced uterine leiomyosarcoma (uLMS) who have received two or more prior lines of therapy as determined by investigator (local site) assessment. (Phase 2) II. To compare the overall survival (OS) of olaparib plus temozolomide (Arm 1) as compared to investigator's choice (trabectedin or pazopanib) (Arm 2) for the treatment of patients with advanced uLMS who have received two or more prior lines of therapy. (Phase 3)

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the safety and tolerability of each treatment by determining adverse events using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5 and patient-reported toxicity using Patient-Reported Outcome (PRO)-CTCAE version 1 in and across each treatment arm. (Phase 2/3) II. To evaluate the objective response rate (ORR), duration of response (DOR) and disease control rate (DCR) in and across each treatment arm as determined by investigator assessment. (Phase 2/3)

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVE:

I. To collect results of tumor genomic testing previously conducted as part of clinical care (when available) and (a) to determine the proportion of patients with a genomic alteration in a homologous recombination (HR) pathway gene and (b) to evaluate for any relationship between the presence of such an alteration and clinical benefit from olaparib and temozolomide. (Phase 2/3)

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM 1: Patients receive temozolomide orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-7 of each cycle and olaparib PO twice daily (BID) on days 1-7 of each cycle. Cycles repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients undergo computed tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and/or bone scans throughout the trial. Patients also undergo collection of blood samples throughout the trial.

ARM 2: Patients receive trabectedin intravenously (IV) continuously over 24 hours on day 1 of each cycle or pazopanib PO QD on days 1-21 of each cycle. Cycles repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients undergo CT scan or MRI and/or bone scans throughout the trial. Patients also undergo transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) or multi-gated acquisition scan (MUGA) on study and as clinically indicated, as well as collection of blood samples throughout the trial.

After completion of study treatment, patients without disease progression are followed every 6 weeks until disease progression. After disease progression, patients are followed every 3 months for the first 2 years, then every 6 months thereafter until 5 years post-randomization or death, whichever comes first.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 190 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase 2/3 Study of Olaparib Plus Temozolomide Versus Investigator's Choice for the Treatment of Patients With Advanced Uterine Leiomyosarcoma After Progression on Prior Chemotherapy
Actual Study Start Date : March 30, 2023
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 9, 2030
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 9, 2030

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm 1 (olaparib, temozolomide)
Patients receive temozolomide PO QD on days 1-7 of each cycle and olaparib PO BID on days 1-7 of each cycle. Cycles repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients undergo CT scan or MRI and/or bone scans throughout the trial. Patients also undergo collection of blood samples throughout the trial.
Procedure: Biospecimen Collection
Undergo collection of blood samples
Other Names:
  • Biological Sample Collection
  • Biospecimen Collected
  • Specimen Collection

Procedure: Bone Scan
Undergo bone scan
Other Name: Bone Scintigraphy

Procedure: Computed Tomography
Undergo CT scan
Other Names:
  • CAT
  • CAT Scan
  • Computed Axial Tomography
  • Computerized Axial Tomography
  • Computerized axial tomography (procedure)
  • Computerized Tomography
  • Computerized Tomography (CT) scan
  • CT
  • CT Scan
  • tomography

Procedure: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Undergo MRI
Other Names:
  • Magnetic Resonance
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (procedure)
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging Scan
  • Medical Imaging, Magnetic Resonance / Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
  • MR
  • MR Imaging
  • MRI
  • MRI Scan
  • MRIs
  • NMR Imaging
  • NMRI
  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • sMRI
  • Structural MRI

Procedure: Multigated Acquisition Scan
Undergo MUGA
Other Names:
  • Blood Pool Scan
  • Equilibrium Radionuclide Angiography
  • Gated Blood Pool Imaging
  • Gated Heart Pool Scan
  • MUGA
  • MUGA Scan
  • Multi-Gated Acquisition Scan
  • Radionuclide Ventriculogram Scan
  • Radionuclide Ventriculography
  • RNVG
  • SYMA Scanning
  • Synchronized Multigated Acquisition Scanning

Drug: Olaparib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • AZD 2281
  • AZD-2281
  • AZD2281
  • KU-0059436
  • Lynparza
  • Olanib
  • Olaparix
  • PARP Inhibitor AZD2281

Drug: Temozolomide
Given PO
Other Names:
  • CCRG-81045
  • Gliotem
  • Imidazo[5,1-d]-1,2,3,5-tetrazine-8-carboxamide, 3, 4-dihydro-3-methyl-4-oxo-
  • M & B 39831
  • M and B 39831
  • Methazolastone
  • RP-46161
  • SCH 52365
  • Temcad
  • Temizole
  • Temodal
  • Temodar
  • Temomedac
  • TMZ

Procedure: Transthoracic Echocardiography
Undergo TTE
Other Name: TTE

Active Comparator: Arm 2 (trabectedin, pazopanib)
Patients receive trabectedin IV continuously over 24 hours on day 1 of each cycle or pazopanib PO QD on days 1-21 of each cycle. Cycles repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients undergo CT scan or MRI and/or bone scans throughout the trial. Patients also undergo TTE or MUGA on study and as clinically indicated, as well as collection of blood samples throughout the trial.
Procedure: Biospecimen Collection
Undergo collection of blood samples
Other Names:
  • Biological Sample Collection
  • Biospecimen Collected
  • Specimen Collection

Procedure: Bone Scan
Undergo bone scan
Other Name: Bone Scintigraphy

Procedure: Computed Tomography
Undergo CT scan
Other Names:
  • CAT
  • CAT Scan
  • Computed Axial Tomography
  • Computerized Axial Tomography
  • Computerized axial tomography (procedure)
  • Computerized Tomography
  • Computerized Tomography (CT) scan
  • CT
  • CT Scan
  • tomography

Procedure: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Undergo MRI
Other Names:
  • Magnetic Resonance
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (procedure)
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging Scan
  • Medical Imaging, Magnetic Resonance / Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
  • MR
  • MR Imaging
  • MRI
  • MRI Scan
  • MRIs
  • NMR Imaging
  • NMRI
  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • sMRI
  • Structural MRI

Procedure: Multigated Acquisition Scan
Undergo MUGA
Other Names:
  • Blood Pool Scan
  • Equilibrium Radionuclide Angiography
  • Gated Blood Pool Imaging
  • Gated Heart Pool Scan
  • MUGA
  • MUGA Scan
  • Multi-Gated Acquisition Scan
  • Radionuclide Ventriculogram Scan
  • Radionuclide Ventriculography
  • RNVG
  • SYMA Scanning
  • Synchronized Multigated Acquisition Scanning

Drug: Pazopanib
Given PO
Other Name: GW786034

Drug: Trabectedin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Ecteinascidin
  • Ecteinascidin 743
  • ET-743
  • Yondelis

Procedure: Transthoracic Echocardiography
Undergo TTE
Other Name: TTE




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression free survival (PFS) (Phase II) [ Time Frame: Time between the date of randomization and the earliest of disease progression or death, assessed up to 5 years ]
    Will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, where the stratified log-rank test will be used to compare the distributions across the treatment arms. PFS rates at 1 year, 2 years, and 5 years will also be reported, along with 95% confidence intervals. Univariable and multivariable Cox models stratified by the stratification factors used in the randomization will be assessed as well.

  2. Overall survival (OS) (Phase III) [ Time Frame: Time between the date of randomization and the date of death from any cause, assessed up to 5 years ]
    Will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, where the stratified log-rank test will be used to compare the distributions across the treatment arms. OS rates at 1 year, 2 years, and 5 years will also be reported, along with 95% confidence intervals. Univariable and multivariable Cox models stratified by the stratification factors used in the randomization will be assessed as well.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall response rate [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Will be estimated by dividing the number of evaluable patients that achieve a confirmed response (partial response [PR] or better) by the total number of evaluable patients. This estimate will be calculated by arm and will also include a 95% confidence interval using the properties of the binomial distribution, and compared between the arms using a chi-square test.

  2. Duration of response (DOR) [ Time Frame: Time from first evidence of response until disease progression (or death), assessed up to 5 years ]
    This analysis is restricted to those patients that achieved a confirmed response (PR or better). Patients that go off of study treatment prior to progression will have their DOR time censored at that time.

  3. Disease control rate [ Time Frame: Up to 6 weeks ]
    Will be estimated using the number of patients that achieve complete response, partial response, or stable disease at the 6 week assessment divided by all evaluable patients. This estimate will be calculated by arm and will also include a 95% confidence interval using the properties of the binomial distribution, and compared between the arms using a chi-square test.

  4. Incidence of adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 4 weeks after the end of study treatment ]
    Adverse events will be recorded using National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0 for each patient. Frequency tables and summary statistics will be used and with the appropriate methods of evaluating categorical and continuous data. In addition, patient reported safety and tolerability will be assessed using Patient-Reported Outcomes (PRO)-CTCAE for a prespecified group of expected toxicities. PRO-CTCAE assessments will occur prior to registration and on day 1 of every cycle during treatment. Collection of PRO-CTCAE will be discontinued after cycle 11.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Proportion of patients with a genomic alteration in a homologous recombination (HR) pathway gene [ Time Frame: Within 60 days of registration ]
    Will collect results of next generation sequencing that is known to the treating investigator and was previously performed as part of the patient's clinical care, for all patients registered to the study. Will evaluate for genomic alterations in HR pathway genes. A genomic alteration is defined as a homozygous deletion or deleterious (loss-of-function) mutation in any of the pre-defined HR pathway genes.

  2. Relationship between the presence of an alteration in HR pathway genes and clinical benefit from olaparib and temozolomide [ Time Frame: Assessed up to 5 years ]
    Will evaluate whether patients with an HR pathway alteration experience increased clinical benefit from olaparib and temozolomide as compared patients who lack such an alteration, as determined by objective response rate, progression-free survival and overall survival. Response rates will be compared using the Fisher's exact test, and time to event endpoints summarized using the Kaplan-Meier curves and the log-rank test.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed leiomyosarcoma of uterine origin, as established by the site institutional practice for pathology confirmation for research studies when enrolling the patient on study. Central pathology review will not occur.
  • Metastatic or locally advanced and surgically unresectable disease, in the opinion of the treating investigator.
  • Patients must have at least one lesion that is measurable per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version (v)1.1 criteria to be eligible for the study.
  • Not pregnant and not nursing, because this study involves agents that have known genotoxic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects. Therefore, for women of childbearing potential only, a negative pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to registration is required
  • Age >= 18 years.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status =< 2.
  • Patients must have had prior progression on, or intolerance to, at least two prior lines of systemic therapy for advanced uLMS, one of which was an anthracycline (anthracycline monotherapy or combination). Adjuvant chemotherapy will qualify as a prior line of treatment. Endocrine treatment will not qualify as a prior line of treatment.
  • Patients may not have received prior treatment with any PARP inhibitor, temozolomide or dacarbazine (IV analogue of temozolomide).
  • Patients may not have had prior treatment with BOTH of the agents included on the investigator's choice arm: trabectedin AND pazopanib. If the patient has had prior treatment with one of these agents, they are eligible; however, they must be assigned to the other agent for investigator's choice. That is, patients who have received prior pazopanib must be assigned to trabectedin, and patients who have received prior trabectedin must be assigned to pazopanib.
  • Patients must have recovered to baseline or =< grade 1 per CTCAE version 5.0 from toxicity related to any prior treatment, unless adverse events are clinically nonsignificant and/or stable on supportive therapy, with the exception of fatigue (which must be =< grade 2), alopecia and/or endocrinopathies related to prior immunotherapy which are controlled with hormone replacement.
  • Patients must have completed all prior anti-cancer treatment, including radiation, >= 28 days prior to registration.
  • Patients may have undergone major surgery (related or unrelated to their cancer diagnosis) >= 28 days of registration. Subjects with clinically relevant ongoing complications from prior surgery are not eligible.
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm^3 (within =< 28 days prior to registration).
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 (within =< 28 days prior to registration).
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 * upper limit of normal (ULN) (within =< 28 days prior to registration).

    • If creatinine > 1.5 * ULN, then creatinine clearance (CrCl) must be > 50 mL/min, per Cockcroft-Gault method.
  • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL (within =< 28 days prior to registration).

    • No transfusions =< 14 days before cycle 1 day 1 (C1D1).
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN (within =< 28 days prior to registration).

    • If documented Gilbert's: =< 2.0 x ULN.
  • Aspartate aminotransferase/alanine aminotransferase (AST/ALT) =< 3 x ULN (within =< 28 days prior to registration).
  • Patients may not have uncontrolled hypertension defined as a blood pressure (BP) > 150/90 on two consecutive assessments during the screening period. If a patient is found to have a BP > 150/90 on two consecutive assessments during the screening period, the patient may be started on an anti-hypertensive regimen, and will be considered eligible if two subsequent measurements are performed and the BP is =< 150/90. If BP is in range on the first measurement, no further measurements are needed.
  • Patients must demonstrate a QTcF (Fredericia formula) =< 470 msec on an electrocardiography (EKG) performed during screening. This criterion applies only to patients who will receive pazopanib if randomized to Arm 2. Repeat EKG testing during the screening period is allowed.
  • Patients may not have an uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmia or recent (within 3 months) myocardial infarction.
  • In addition to the above, patients with known history or current symptoms of cardiac disease, or history of treatment with cardiotoxic agents, should have a clinical risk assessment of cardiac function using the New York Heart Association Functional Classification. To be eligible, patients should be class 2B or better.
  • Patients may not have a history of active or unresolved: perforation, abscess or fistula within 28 days prior to registration (either clinically or radiographically).
  • Patients must not have myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)/acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or a history of bone marrow biopsy findings at any time consistent with MDS and/or AML.
  • For patients with evidence of chronic hepatitis B (HBV) infection, the HBV viral load must be undetectable on suppressive therapy, if indicated.
  • Patients with a history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection must have been treated and cured. For patients with HCV infection who are currently on treatment, they are eligible if they have an undetectable HCV viral load.
  • HIV-infected patients on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months are eligible for this trial.
  • Patients with a prior or concurrent malignancy whose natural history or treatment does not have the potential to interfere with the safety or efficacy assessment of the investigational regimen are eligible for this trial.
  • Patients with central nervous system (CNS)/leptomeningeal disease must have undergone definitive treatment, have no evidence of CNS progression on follow-up imaging performed at least 4 weeks after the CNS-directed therapy is completed, and be off all steroids, in order to be eligible.
  • Patients must not have an uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, uncontrolled major seizure disorder, unstable spinal cord compression, superior vena cava syndrome, extensive interstitial bilateral lung disease on high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scan or any other condition that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Patients must be able to swallow oral medications.
  • Patients may not require concomitant use of known strong CYP3A inhibitors (e.g., itraconazole, telithromycin, clarithromycin, protease inhibitors boosted with ritonavir or cobicistat, indinavir, saquinavir, nelfinavir, boceprevir, telaprevir) or moderate CYP3A inhibitors (e.g., ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, diltiazem, fluconazole, verapamil). The required washout period prior to starting study treatment is 2 weeks.
  • Patients may not require concomitant use of known strong (e.g., phenobarbital, enzalutamide, phenytoin, rifampicin, rifabutin, rifapentine, carbamazepine, nevirapine and St John's Wort) or moderate CYP3A inducers (e.g. bosentan, efavirenz, modafinil). The required washout period prior to starting study treatment is 5 weeks for enzalutamide or phenobarbital and 3 weeks for other agents.
  • In order to complete the mandatory patient-completed measure, participants must be able to speak and/or read English and Spanish. Non-English or non-Spanish readers may still participate in the study but are not required to complete the PRO-CTCAE side effect surveys.
  • For all patients, prior to randomization and as part of eligibility, the investigator must select the agent which the patient would receive if assigned to the investigator's choice arm, prior to randomization. The patient must meet all eligibility criteria for that agent during screening and prior to randomization.
  • Patients without central venous access must be willing to undergo placement of central venous access (i.e. port or peripherally inserted central catheter [PICC] line, per institutional practice) if assigned to the investigator's choice arm and if the investigator intends to treat the patient with trabectedin. The site must be able to place central venous access within 10 days of registration/randomization.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05432791


Locations
Show Show 146 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Brian Van Tine Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05432791    
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT05633381
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2022-05065
NCI-2022-05065 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
A092104 ( Other Identifier: Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology )
A092104 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
U10CA180821 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: June 27, 2022    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 21, 2024
Last Verified: May 2024
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: NCI is committed to sharing data in accordance with NIH policy. For more details on how clinical trial data is shared, access the link to the NIH data sharing policy page.
URL: https://grants.nih.gov/policy/sharing.htm

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leiomyosarcoma
Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Sarcoma
Temozolomide
Trabectedin
Olaparib
Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors