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A Prospective Diagnostic Belief Updating Study to verIfy the Utility of BioEP in First Seizure Clinics. (PRISTINE)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT05764252
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 10, 2023
Last Update Posted : September 11, 2023
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Neuronostics Ltd

Brief Summary:

The goal of this belief updating study is to assess the utility of BioEP as a complementary support tool in aiding clinical decision making in adults in first seizure clinics. The main outcomes we shall measure are:

  • Clinicians' perception of seizure probability.
  • Clinicians' decision to recommend commencing or deferring ASM (anti-seizure medications)
  • Clinicians' decision to refer for additional investigations/services.

Participants will consent to have their EEG (that is taken at their routine care) to be used in the study. There is not extra burden to the participants taking part in the study.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Epilepsy Device: BioEP Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The accurate diagnosis and prognosis of epilepsy represents a significant unmet medical need. Due to the unpredictable nature of seizures, epilepsy is difficult to diagnose and treat. In the United Kingdom (UK), 125,000 people per annum are referred to first seizure clinics with suspected epilepsy of which 40,000 receive a confirmed diagnosis of epilepsy. Although diagnosing a patient with epilepsy is a clinical decision, clinicians often look towards diagnostic tests (such as electroencephalograms - EEGs) to support their decision-making process. At present, in the absence of observable epileptiform abnormalities (abnormal wave forms strongly associated with epilepsy on EEG, there are no clinically robust markers of epilepsy. Mathematical models provide a powerful and useful tool with which to identify and understand biological mechanisms that may lead to the risk of having seizures. By combining mathematical and computational techniques, Neuronostics have developed a biomarker called BioEP. Using properties in the background and clinically non contributary EEG, the investigators have demonstrated in retrospective, multi-site phase I and phase II studies sufficient evidence that could support clinicians to make more informed diagnostic decisions that investigators hope will lead to better and faster decisions about patients' diagnosis and treatment. The investigators will now conduct a prospective single site diagnostic belief updating study to examine the utility of BioEP in supporting clinicians' decision making a clinical setting in the NHS. The investigators will do this by inviting adults to take part who are suspected of having a first seizure and who will attend a first seizure clinic run by a Consultant Nurse for the Epilepsies (CNE) at the Royal Wolverhampton NHS trust. As part of the patients diagnostic work up, patients will have an EEG performed, the investigators will then apply BioEP to the patients EEG to derive a "risk score". This risk score will be presented to the CNE, who may then decide to combine it with the clinical history and clinical test information to help the CNE make decisions about patients' diagnosis and treatment.

The CNE will first rate the probability that the patient has experienced an epileptic seizure and probability of recurrence based on the clinical history and standard EEG (and any other standard tests ordered). A second assessment of this probability will be made after the CNE subsequently receives the BioEP risk score and report to quantify the updating of belief (that the patient has an increased seizure risk) and assess the utility of BioEP as a diagnostic decision support tool.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 88 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Screening
Official Title: Utility of a Computational Biomarker (BioEP) in Supporting Clinicians' Decision Making in Patients Presenting to an Adult Epilepsy Service First-seizure Clinic: A Prospective Diagnostic Belief Updating Study.
Actual Study Start Date : August 23, 2023
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 2025

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Epilepsy Seizures

Arm Intervention/treatment
The EEG will be analysed using the BioEP algorithm
Device: BioEP
All patient's EEG will have the BioEP score conducted on it

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Clinicians' perception of seizure probability in a 2 step process, using a 7-category scale and a 100-mm visual analogue scale [ Time Frame: 1 day ]
    The clinician rates the probability that the patient will experience another epileptic seizure before and after the presentation of the BioEP score (updating beliefs). Using the clinician's ratings, we will impute the implicit individual likelihood ratios - the factor changes in the perceived odds of the patient experiencing another epileptic seizure based on the updated beliefs in the face of new evidence (the BioEP score)

  2. Number of additional patient's investigations/services [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Clinicians' decision-making over time will be explored. When patients present multiple times over a period, more clinical information is gathered and thus clinicians' perception of the probability of a seizure may change as evidence increases. The influence of multiple presentations and investigations shall be considered and reported descriptively. Any additional EEGs performed in the 1-year follow up period shall be analysed by our methods. The risk score will be presented to the CNE, who may then decide to combine it with any new emerging clinical history and clinical test information to help the CNE make any further decisions about patients' diagnosis and treatment.

  3. Number of Clinicians' decisions to recommend commencing or deferring anti-seizure medications (ASM) [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Clinicians' decision-making over time will be explored. The decisions to recommend commencing or deferring ASMs will be recorded.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult (age 18 and above) presenting with first suspected seizure(s)
  • Able to give informed consent
  • Patient receives EEG following clinicians' decision to refer for an EEG based on clinical history and seizure description taken during first seizure clinic.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants unable to tolerate an EEG test so no EEG data was gathered
  • Participants with a known hepatic/renal encephalopathy
  • Participants that upon history taking have a clear clinical diagnosis of a physical condition other than epilepsy (e.g., vasovagal syncope)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT05764252

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Contact: Milaana A Jacob +44 (0)117 457 2292
Contact: John Terry +44 (0)117 457 2292

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United Kingdom
Phil Tittensor Recruiting
Wolverhampton, United Kingdom
Contact: Phil Tittensor         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Neuronostics Ltd
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Study Director: John Tery Neuronostics Ltd
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Responsible Party: Neuronostics Ltd Identifier: NCT05764252    
Other Study ID Numbers: NNBioEP001
First Posted: March 10, 2023    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 11, 2023
Last Verified: September 2023

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Neuronostics Ltd:
diagnostic belief updating study
consultant nurse for the epilepsies
first seizure clinic
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurologic Manifestations