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Comparing Retreatment of 177Lu-DOTATATE PRRT Versus Everolimus in Patients With Metastatic Unresectable Midgut Neuroendocrine Tumors, NET RETREAT Trial

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05773274
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 17, 2023
Last Update Posted : May 30, 2024
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial compares the effect of retreatment with 177Lu-DOTATATE peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) to the usual approach of treatment with everolimus in patients who have previously received 177Lu-DOTATATE for midgut neuroendocrine tumor (NET) that has spread from where it first started (primary site) to other places in the body (metastatic) and that cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable). PRRT is a type of radiation therapy for which a radioactive chemical is linked to a peptide (small protein) that targets cancer cells. When this radioactive peptide is injected into the body, it binds to a specific receptor found on some cancer cells. The radioactive peptide builds up in these cells and helps kill the cancer cells without harming normal cells. In this trial 177Lu-DOTATATE is used for PRRT. 177Lu-DOTATATE PRRT may increase the length of time until worsening of the midgut NET compared to the usual approach. Everolimus is in a class of medications called kinase inhibitors. It is also a type of angiogenesis inhibitor. Everolimus works by stopping cancer cells from reproducing and by decreasing blood supply to the cancer cells. Retreating with 177Lu-DOTATATE may work better than everolimus in shrinking or stabilizing tumor in patients with metastatic and unresectable NET who were previously treated with 177Lu-DOTATATE.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Metastatic Midgut Neuroendocrine Tumor Metastatic Midgut Neuroendocrine Tumor G1 Metastatic Midgut Neuroendocrine Tumor G2 Unresectable Midgut Neuroendocrine Tumor Procedure: Biospecimen Collection Procedure: Computed Tomography Drug: Everolimus Drug: Lutetium Lu 177 Dotatate Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment Other: Questionnaire Administration Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To evaluate the effect of lutetium Lu 177 dotatate (177Lu-DOTATATE) versus (vs.) everolimus on progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with metastatic/unresectable midgut neuroendocrine tumour (NET) who have progressed following previous peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the toxicity and safety of 177Lu-DOTATATE and everolimus. II. To determine the effect of 177Lu-DOTATATE vs. everolimus on overall response rate (ORR).

III. To evaluate the effect of 177Lu-DOTATATE vs. everolimus on overall survival (OS).

IV. To evaluate post progression survival (PPS) and time to second objective disease progression (PFS2) for patients randomized to Arm 2 of the study and crossed over to Arm 1 at time of objective progression per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1.

V. To evaluate the effect of 177Lu-DOTATATE vs. everolimus on patient quality of life (QoL).

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM I: Patients receive 177Lu-DOTATATE intravenously (IV) every 8 weeks (Q8W). Treatment repeats for two cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicities. Patients also undergo computed tomography (CT) scan and collection of blood samples while on study.

ARM II: Patients receive everolimus orally (PO) on a daily basis (QD). Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicities. Patients whose cancer worsens may cross over to ARM I. Patients also undergo CT scan and collection of blood samples while on study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 100 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: NET RETREAT: A Phase II Study of 177 Lutetium-DOTATATE Retreatment vs. Everolimus in Metastatic/Unresectable Midgut NET
Actual Study Start Date : January 12, 2024
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 30, 2026
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 30, 2026


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm I (177Lu-DOTATATE)
Patients receive 177Lu-DOTATATE IV Q8W. Treatment repeats for two cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicities. Patients also undergo CT scan and collection of blood samples while on study.
Procedure: Biospecimen Collection
Undergo collection of blood samples
Other Names:
  • Biological Sample Collection
  • Biospecimen Collected
  • Specimen Collection

Procedure: Computed Tomography
Undergo CT scan
Other Names:
  • CAT
  • CAT Scan
  • Computed Axial Tomography
  • Computerized Axial Tomography
  • Computerized axial tomography (procedure)
  • Computerized Tomography
  • Computerized Tomography (CT) scan
  • CT
  • CT Scan
  • tomography

Drug: Lutetium Lu 177 Dotatate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 177 Lu-DOTA-TATE
  • 177 Lu-DOTA-Tyr3-Octreotate
  • 177Lu-DOTA0-Tyr3-Octreotate
  • Lutathera
  • Lutetium Lu 177 DOTA(0)-Tyr(3)-Octreotate
  • Lutetium Lu 177-DOTA-Tyr3-Octreotate
  • lutetium Lu 177-DOTATATE
  • Lutetium Oxodotreotide Lu-177

Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment
Ancillary studies
Other Name: Quality of Life Assessment

Other: Questionnaire Administration
Ancillary studies

Active Comparator: Arm II (everolimus)
Patients receive everolimus PO QD. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicities. Patients whose cancer worsens may cross over to ARM I. Patients also undergo CT scan and collection of blood samples while on study.
Procedure: Biospecimen Collection
Undergo collection of blood samples
Other Names:
  • Biological Sample Collection
  • Biospecimen Collected
  • Specimen Collection

Procedure: Computed Tomography
Undergo CT scan
Other Names:
  • CAT
  • CAT Scan
  • Computed Axial Tomography
  • Computerized Axial Tomography
  • Computerized axial tomography (procedure)
  • Computerized Tomography
  • Computerized Tomography (CT) scan
  • CT
  • CT Scan
  • tomography

Drug: Everolimus
Given PO
Other Names:
  • 42-O-(2-Hydroxy)ethyl Rapamycin
  • Afinitor
  • Certican
  • RAD 001
  • RAD-001
  • RAD001
  • Votubia
  • Zortress

Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment
Ancillary studies
Other Name: Quality of Life Assessment

Other: Questionnaire Administration
Ancillary studies




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From randomization to any documented evidence of tumour progression or death from any cause, assessed up to 3 years ]
    The PFS of patients of both treatment groups will be described by Kaplan-Meier method and the median PFS will be estimated using the same method. A one-sided stratified log-rank test adjusting for the stratification factor at randomization will be the primary method to compare the difference in PFS between the experimental and control treatments, at the 5% level. A stratified Cox model adjusting for the stratification factor at randomization and with one single treatment covariate will be used to estimate the hazard ratio and associated one-sided 95% confidence interval.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: From randomization to death from any cause, assessed up to 3 years ]
    The OS of patients of both treatment groups will be described by Kaplan-Meier method and the median OS will be estimated using the same method. A one-sided stratified log-rank test adjusting for the stratification factor at randomization will be the primary method to compare the difference in OS between the experimental and control treatments, at the 5% level. A stratified Cox model adjusting for the stratification factor at randomization and with one single treatment covariate will be used to estimate the hazard ratio and associated one-sided 95% confidence interval.

  2. Objective response rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Defined as the proportion of patients with a documented complete response and partial response based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors 1.1. The primary estimate of ORR will be based on all patients randomized. A Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test adjusting for the stratification factor at the time of randomization will be used to compare the objective response rates between two arms.

  3. Post progression survival (PPS) [ Time Frame: From objective progression on everolimus to objective progression or death from any cause after cross-over to receive 177Lu-DOTATATE, assessed up to 3 years ]
    Median PPS and associated two-sided 90% confidence interval will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.

  4. Time to second objective disease progression (PFS2) [ Time Frame: From randomization to objective tumor progression or death from any cause after the cross-over, assessed up to 3 years ]
    Median PFS2 and associated two-sided 90% confidence interval will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must be at least >= 18 years of age
  • Metastatic, histologically confirmed grade 1 or 2 well-differentiated midgut neuroendocrine tumours, including NETs of unknown primary thought to be of midgut origin, with positive Gallium-68 DOTATATE scan or Copper-64 DOTATATE scan within the last 12 months is recommended but within the last 36 months is allowed. Lesions on Gallium-68 or Copper-64 DOTATATE scan will be considered positive if the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of target lesion is > SUV mean of normal liver parenchyma
  • Have received 3 or 4 cycles of PRRT using 177Lu-DOTATATE or a cumulative exposure of 22,200 MBq (600mCi) or 29,600 MBq (800 mCi) within a 52-week period. Previous therapy with everolimus for a maximum period of 1 month is permitted. No previous targeted alpha therapy is permitted. No previous alkylator therapy (i.e. Temodar) is permitted
  • Have had radiological progression per RECIST 1.1 after prior PRRT treatment and no sooner than 12 months from last scan performed post completion of initial PRRT where either stable disease, partial response, or complete response has been maintained throughout
  • Have not received any intervening therapy after initial PRRT
  • No ongoing toxicity from prior PRRT that is grade 3 or higher according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) 5.0
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2
  • Hemoglobin >= 80 g/L (>= 8.0 g/dL) (measured within 28 days prior to enrollment)
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1.0 x 10^9/L (>= 1000/mm^3) (measured within 28 days prior to enrollment)
  • Platelets >= 80 x 10^9/L (>= 80 x 10^3/mm^3) (measured within 28 days prior to enrollment)
  • Total bilirubin < 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (upper limit of normal) (measured within 28 days prior to enrollment)

    • If confirmed Gilbert's, eligible providing =< criteria x ULN
  • Creatinine clearance > 50 mL/min (measured within 28 days prior to enrollment)

    • Creatinine clearance to be measured directly by 24 hour urine sampling or as calculated by Cockcroft and Gault equation
  • Prior or current use of somatostatin analogues is allowed for carcinoid syndrome control or in PRRT re-treatment patient population (Arm 1). Patients randomized to everolimus (Arm 2) will not be allowed to continue somatostatin analogues unless they have functional carcinoid syndrome
  • Patient consent must be appropriately obtained in accordance with applicable local and regulatory requirements. Each patient must sign a consent form prior to enrollment in the trial to document their willingness to participate
  • Patients of childbearing potential must have agreed to use a highly effective contraceptive method during protocol treatment and for 7 months after the last dose of protocol treatment. A woman is considered to be of "childbearing potential" if she has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months. In addition to routine contraceptive methods, "effective contraception" also includes heterosexual celibacy and surgery intended to prevent pregnancy (or with a side-effect of pregnancy prevention) defined as a hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy or bilateral tubal ligation, or vasectomy/vasectomized partner. However, if at any point a previously celibate patient chooses to become heterosexually active during the time period for use of contraceptive measures outlined in the protocol, he/she is responsible for beginning contraceptive measures

    • Women of childbearing potential will have a pregnancy test to determine eligibility as part of the Pre-Study Evaluation; this may include an ultrasound to rule-out pregnancy if a false-positive is suspected. For example, when beta-human chorionic gonadotropin is high and partner is vasectomized, it may be associated with tumour production of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), as seen with some cancers. Patient will be considered eligible if an ultrasound is negative for pregnancy
  • Patients must be accessible for treatment, response assessment, and follow up. Patients enrolled on this trial must be treated and followed at the participating center. Investigators must assure themselves the patients enrolled on this trial will be available for complete documentation of the treatment, adverse events, and follow-up

    • Patients must agree to return to their primary care facility for any adverse events which may occur through the course of the trial
  • Patient must have access to everolimus. In the event that site/investigator is unable to provide access to the drug, patient will not be eligible for this trial
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months are eligible for this trial
  • Patients with a prior or concurrent malignancy whose natural history or treatment does not have the potential to interfere with the safety or efficacy assessment of the investigational regimen are eligible for this trial

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Major surgical procedures within 6 weeks from randomization date
  • Known brain metastases, unless these metastases have been treated, stabilized and off steroids for at least 4 weeks prior to enrollment in the study. Patients with a history of brain metastases must have a head CT and/or MRI with contrast to document stable disease prior to enrollment in the study
  • Uncontrolled congestive heart failure no worse than New York Heart Association Class (NYHA) IIB
  • Inability to swallow oral medications or gastrointestinal disease limiting absorption of oral agents
  • Patients with any other significant medical or surgical condition, currently uncontrolled by treatment, which may interfere with completion of the study
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because 177Lu-DOTATATE is a peptide receptor radionuclide therapy with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with 177Lu-DOTATATE, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with everolimus or 177Lu-DOTATATE and for 2.5 months following the last treatment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05773274


Locations
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United States, Colorado
UCHealth University of Colorado Hospital Recruiting
Aurora, Colorado, United States, 80045
Contact: Site Public Contact    720-848-0650      
Principal Investigator: Emily Baiyee-Toegel         
United States, Illinois
Northwestern University Recruiting
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
Contact: Site Public Contact    312-695-1301    cancer@northwestern.edu   
Principal Investigator: Al B. Benson         
United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic in Rochester Recruiting
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
Contact: Site Public Contact    855-776-0015      
Principal Investigator: Patrick W. McGarrah         
United States, Ohio
Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center Recruiting
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210
Contact: Site Public Contact    800-293-5066    Jamesline@osumc.edu   
Principal Investigator: Bhavana Konda         
United States, Utah
Huntsman Cancer Institute/University of Utah Recruiting
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84112
Contact: Site Public Contact    888-424-2100    cancerinfo@hci.utah.edu   
Principal Investigator: Heloisa P. Soares         
Canada, British Columbia
BCCA-Vancouver Cancer Centre Recruiting
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V5Z 4E6
Contact: Site Public Contact    888-939-3333      
Principal Investigator: Jonathan M. Loree         
Canada, Manitoba
CancerCare Manitoba Recruiting
Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, R3E 0V9
Contact: Site Public Contact    866-561-1026    ctu_web@cancercare.mb.ca   
Principal Investigator: Hanbo Zhang         
Canada, Ontario
Ottawa Hospital and Cancer Center-General Campus Recruiting
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, K1H 8L6
Contact: Site Public Contact    613-761-4395      
Principal Investigator: Timothy R. Asmis         
Odette Cancer Centre- Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre Recruiting
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M4N 3M5
Contact: Site Public Contact    416-480-5000      
Principal Investigator: Sten D. Myrehaug         
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Simron Singh Canadian Cancer Trials Group
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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05773274    
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2023-00118
NCI-2023-00118 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
CCTG-NE1 ( Other Identifier: Canadian Cancer Trials Group )
CCTG-NE1 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
U10CA180863 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: March 17, 2023    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 30, 2024
Last Verified: February 2024
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: NCI is committed to sharing data in accordance with NIH policy. For more details on how clinical trial data is shared, access the link to the NIH data sharing policy page.
URL: https://grants.nih.gov/policy/sharing.htm

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neoplasms
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Everolimus
Lutetium Lu 177 dotatate
MTOR Inhibitors
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents
Radiopharmaceuticals