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Trial record 1 of 2 for:    sabin vaccine | Marburg Virus Disease
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Monovalent Chimpanzee Adenoviral-Vectored Marburg Virus Vaccine in Healthy Adults

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05817422
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : April 18, 2023
Last Update Posted : May 10, 2024
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Albert B. Sabin Vaccine Institute

Brief Summary:
A Phase 2, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial to Evaluate Safety, Tolerability, and Immune Responses of an Investigational Monovalent Chimpanzee Adenoviral-Vectored Marburg Virus Vaccine in Healthy Adults

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Marburg Virus Disease Biological: cAd3-Marburg vaccine Other: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This is a multi-center, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, Phase II study to evaluate safety, tolerability, and immunogenicity of a single dose of cAd3-Marburg vaccine in healthy adults up to 70 years of age, in Uganda and Kenya. The study will enroll 125 eligible participants randomized 4:1 to receive the cAd3-Marburg vaccine at 1.0 × 10^11 PU dose or placebo (0.9% sodium chloride (NaCl) solution) at Day 1, intramuscularly in deltoid muscle. Participants will be screened for eligibility up to 28 days before enrollment. Enrollment will be staggered, starting with healthy adults 18 to 50 years of age (inclusive). Upon enrollment of minimum 25 younger adult participants (sentinel), the safety data up to 7 days post vaccination of these 25 sentinel participants will be reviewed by the independent DSMB. Progression to enrollment of the older adults (>50 to 70 years of age) will be dependent on the unblinded review of the Data Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB). Safety and immunogenicity will be assessed at Days 1, 8, 15, 29, 85, 169, and will conclude at the end of study visit on Day 366.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 125 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Participants will be randomized 4:1 to receive the cAd3-Marburg vaccine at 1.0 × 10^11 PU dose or placebo at Day 1.
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase 2, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial to Evaluate Safety, Tolerability, and Immune Responses of an Investigational Monovalent Chimpanzee Adenoviral-Vectored Marburg Virus Vaccine in Healthy Adults
Actual Study Start Date : October 19, 2023
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 1, 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 1, 2025


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: cAd3-Marburg vaccine (1.0 × 10^11 PU)

Single dose of cAd3-Marburg vaccine (1x10^11 PU) administered intramuscularly (IM) with needle and syringe in a volume of 0.56 mL.

Placebo (0.9% NaCl solution for injection)administered intramuscularly (IM) with needle and syringe in a volume of 0.56 mL.

Biological: cAd3-Marburg vaccine
The recombinant chimpanzee adenovirus Type 3-vectored Marburg vaccine, (cAd3-Marburg) is composed of a cAd3 vector that expresses Marburg wild type glycoprotein (WT GP) from the Angola strain.

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Single dose of Placebo (0.9% NaCl solution for injection) administered intramuscularly (IM) with needle and syringe in a volume of 0.56 mL.
Other: Placebo
0.9% NaCl solution for injection.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To evaluate the safety and tolerability of cAd3-Marburg vaccine [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

    Count and percentage of vaccinated participants who develop:

    • serious adverse events (SAEs),
    • solicited adverse events (AEs),
    • unsolicited AEs,
    • adverse event of special interest (AESI),
    • medically attended adverse events (MAAE),
    • AE at each intensity level.

    Estimand 1a (Primary): Count and percentage of vaccinated participants who would develop SAEs, solicited AEs, unsolicited AEs, AESI, MAAE, and AE at each intensity level will be evaluated with each treatment group. A treatment policy strategy is used for assessing safety irrespective of a current (or prior) infection at time of the vaccination. Infections and death (if they meet the AE and time window criteria) are included in the endpoint (composite strategy).



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. To evaluate the antibody response (IgG) to cAd3-Marburg vaccine at Day 29 post-vaccination. [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Secondary Endpoint: GMC of anti-Marburg-GP binding IgG antibodies at Day 29 post-vaccination. Estimand 2a: geometric mean concentration (GMC) of the vaccine group will be compared to placebo at Day 29 post-vaccination. The hypothetical strategy is used to estimate antibody levels without subsequent Marburg virus (MARV) infection or influence from immune-modifying drugs or non-study vaccines. The principal stratum strategy excludes those with active or prior MARV infection at the time of the vaccination.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Able and willing to complete and provide written informed consent prior to any study procedure; including injection site photograph consent, completing an Assessment of Understanding (AoU) prior to enrollment by answering 9 out of 10 questions correctly at least once in 3 attempts, and including optional consent for retention of blood samples for potential future testing and assay development.

    Note: Participants can be enrolled even if they do not provide optional consent for retention of blood samples for potential future testing and assay development.

  2. Able to read and write the language used in diary card.
  3. Male or non-pregnant female 18 to 70 years of age (inclusive) at time of informed consent.
  4. Is capable of understanding and agrees to comply with planned study procedures and to be available for all clinic follow-up for all planned study visits.
  5. Able to provide proof of identity to the satisfaction of the study clinician completing the enrollment process.
  6. Has a means to be contacted and to contact the investigator during the study.
  7. Agree not to receive any vaccine within 28 days from study vaccination (prior and after), with the exception of an emergency use authorization or authorized non-adenoviral vectored coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine, which may be given within 14 days of study vaccination.
  8. Agree not to donate bone marrow, blood, or blood products until 3 months after the study vaccination.
  9. In good general health without clinically significant medical conditions, based on medical history, physical examination, vital signs, and clinical laboratory results as deemed acceptable by the principal investigator.
  10. Clinical laboratory results within 28 days prior to vaccination within the site's laboratory reference ranges (or deemed not clinically significant by the principal investigator) for the following parameters: hematology (complete blood count (CBC) including hemoglobin, white blood cell (WBC), red blood cell (RBC), total lymphocyte count); coagulation tests (prothrombin time, international normalized ratio (INR), fibrinogen); chemistry (C-reactive protein, d-dimer, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and serum creatinine). A laboratory result that is outside the reference range and is deemed not clinically significant by the principal investigator will not exclude the participant.
  11. Has a body mass index (BMI) >17 and ≤37 at screening.

    Female participant specific criteria:

  12. Negative pregnancy serum test at screening, and negative urine pregnancy test before vaccination, if of reproductive potential.
  13. Agrees to use an effective means of birth control from at least 21 days prior to enrollment through 24 weeks after study vaccination if assessed to be woman of childbearing potential UNLESS they fulfill one of the following criteria:

    • At least 1 year postmenopausal.
    • Surgically sterile.

    Male participants must agree:

  14. Not to father a child or donate sperm through study end.
  15. To use a barrier (condom) means of birth control from vaccination through study end, if assessed to be of reproductive potential.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Pregnant or lactating female or plans to become pregnant or breastfeed starting from study vaccination through to study end.
  2. Has any medical disease or condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, precludes study participation. This includes any acute, subacute, intermittent, or chronic medical disease or condition that

    • would place the participant at an unacceptable risk of injury,
    • render the participant unable to comply with the requirements of the protocol,
    • or may interfere with the evaluation of responses or the participant's successful completion of the trial; (chronic conditions that are well-controlled and medically stable, ie, no change in treatment for medical reasons occurred in the last 6 months, are allowed at the discretion of the principal investigator, eg, hypertension, asthma, thyroid disease).

    The medical disease or condition also includes any confirmed or suspected immunosuppressive or immunodeficient condition resulting from disease (eg, malignancy, HIV infection) or immunosuppressive/cytotoxic therapy (eg, medications used during cancer chemotherapy, organ transplantation or to treat autoimmune disorders).

  3. Serology screen positive for infectious diseases (hepatitis B, hepatitis C, HIV 1 and 2, syphilis).
  4. Known prior exposure to MARV or prior diagnosis of Marburg virus disease (MVD).
  5. Current diagnosis of COVID-19 by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) or antigenic testing or current signs and symptoms of COVID-19. Participants may be enrolled 14 days post resolution of all signs and symptoms of COVID-19 or of testing positive for COVID-19 in asymptomatic participants.
  6. History of or active status of any of the following clinically significant conditions:

    • Serious adverse reactions to vaccines such as anaphylaxis, urticaria (hives), respiratory difficulty, angioedema, or abdominal pain.
    • Allergic reaction to excipients in the study vaccine including gentamycin, neomycin or streptomycin or any other aminoglycoside.
    • History of Diabetes mellitus Type I or Type II.
    • Active Tuberculosis.
    • Hereditary angioedema, acquired angioedema, or idiopathic forms of angioedema.
    • Idiopathic urticaria within the last year.
    • Bleeding disorder diagnosed by a doctor or use of anticoagulant medications such as, warfarin, apixaban, dabigatran (eg, factor deficiency, coagulopathy, or platelet disorder requiring special precautions) or significant bruising or bleeding difficulties with IM injections or blood draws.
    • Major thrombotic event or heparin-induced thrombocytopenia or vaccine-induced thrombotic thrombocytopenia (VITT).
    • History of malignancy of any organ system, treated or untreated, within the past 5 years from screening. (If diagnosed malignancy is 5 or more years prior to enrollment and cured with no ongoing treatment it will NOT be considered an exclusion).
    • Seizure in the past 3 years or treatment for seizure disorder in the past 3 years.
    • Asplenia or functional asplenia.
    • Autoimmune disease/autoinflammatory condition.
    • Any medical, psychiatric, social condition, occupational reason, or other responsibility that, in the judgment of the investigator, is a contraindication to protocol participation or impairs a participant's ability to give informed consent.
  7. Has a clinically significant acute illness (this does not include minor illnesses) or temperature ≥38.0°Celsius (≥100.4° Fahrenheit) within 24 hours of the planned dose of study vaccine, re-evaluation of eligibility may be performed at resolution of all signs and symptoms, and randomization at a later date is permitted at the discretion of the investigator and after consultation with the sponsor (as appropriate).
  8. Receipt of any of the following substances:

    • COVID-19 vaccine that has not received emergency use authorization or approval per local regulatory agency.
    • Prior receipt of Ebola or Marburg vaccine.
    • Prior receipt of any adenoviral-vectored vaccine, adenovirus-based or adeno-associated viruses (AAV)-based gene therapies or treatments, including adenoviral COVID-19 vaccines or boosters.
    • Participant received an investigational drug (including investigational drugs for prophylaxis of COVID-19) within 28 days of dosing or within washout period (5 half-lives) of such drug or has used an invasive investigational medical device within 28 days of dosing.
    • Received investigational Ig or monoclonal antibodies within 3 months.
    • Received convalescent serum for COVID-19 treatment within 3 months.
    • Received an investigational vaccine within 3 months before the planned administration of the first dose of study vaccine.
    • Is currently enrolled or plans to participate in another investigational or interventional study during this study (observational/registry studies are allowed).
  9. Use of immunomodulators or systemic glucocorticoids in daily doses of glucocorticoid equivalence >20 mg of prednisolone in the last 90 days, and for periods exceeding 10 days. NSAIDS are permitted.
  10. Receipt of blood products within 3 months prior to enrollment.
  11. Current anti-tuberculosis prophylaxis or therapy.
  12. Abnormality or permanent body art (such as tattoo) in deltoid region that would interfere with ability to observe or assess injection site reactions.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05817422


Locations
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Kenya
KEMRI/Centre for Respiratory Diseases Research Siaya Clinical Research Annex
Siaya, Kenya
Uganda
Makerere University-Walter Reed Project
Kampala, Uganda
Sponsors and Collaborators
Albert B. Sabin Vaccine Institute
Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority
Investigators
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Study Chair: Antonio Gonzalez Lopez, MD, PhD, MPH Albert B. Sabin Vaccine Institute
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Responsible Party: Albert B. Sabin Vaccine Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05817422    
Other Study ID Numbers: Sabin 002
First Posted: April 18, 2023    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 10, 2024
Last Verified: May 2024
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: The clinic trial results will be published in a peer-reviewed journal, which will include, as feasible, the study protocol. A summary of the study results will be included within the trial registration records in ClinicalTrials.gov.
Time Frame: We will also publish results in a manuscript in a peer reviewed journal, which requires a published study protocol. We expect this will be done either by early 2025.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Keywords provided by Albert B. Sabin Vaccine Institute:
Marburg virus
Marburg vaccine
cAd3-Marburg vaccine
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Virus Diseases
Marburg Virus Disease
Infections
Hemorrhagic Fevers, Viral
RNA Virus Infections
Filoviridae Infections
Mononegavirales Infections