CANF-Comb-II PET-MR in Atherosclerosis Multisite
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05838547|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 1, 2023
Last Update Posted : May 1, 2023
The goal of this observational study is to learn more about plaque biology in asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis (ACAS) patients through imaging. The main questions it aims to answer are:
- To determine the ability of 64Cu-CANF-Comb positron emission tomography (PET) to risk stratify ACAS patients for stroke event, to include transient ischemic attack or remote ipsilateral intervention.
- To further understand the role of Natriuretic Peptide Receptor C (NPRC) in the evolution of carotid atherosclerosis.
Participants will be asked to undergo a carotid PET-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination to assess whether the carotid atherosclerosis uptake of 64Cu-CANF-Comb as measured by PET-MRI correlates with patient outcomes (stroke, transient ischemic attack, or remote ipsilateral intervention).
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Carotid Atherosclerosis Asymptomatic Carotid Artery Stenosis Carotid Artery Atheroma||Drug: 64Cu-25%-CANF-Comb|
This is an NIH-funded, Phase II, multicenter, open-label patient outcomes imaging study . Patients will undergo carotid PET/MRI after intravenous injection of 4-6 milliCuries (mCi) of the FDA Exploratory Investigational New Drug (eIND)-approved nanoparticle PET radiotracer (64Cu-C-type atrial natriuretic factor (CANF)-Comb). 80 subjects will be asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis (ACAS) patients with known carotid artery atherosclerosis by ultrasound/Doppler ≥ 60% diameter stenosis. These patients will be asked to undergo a carotid PET/MRI at a single time point 12-18 hours after intravenous injection of the 64Cu-CANF-Comb radiotracer.
Based on these promising results the investigators have devised an imaging protocol to determine the ability of 64Cu-25%-CANF-Comb PET to risk stratify ACAS patients treated with optimal medical therapy (OMT) alone with respect to patient outcomes. In this observational study, 80 patients with ACAS ≥ 60% will undergo 64Cu-25%-CANF-Comb PET/MRI. Patients will be maintained on either OMT alone or receive OMT and carotid endarterectomy (CEA) as determined by their treating vascular surgeon prior to imaging.
A total of 80 subjects, both men and women (≥18 years of age), will be recruited at Washington University (WU) and Cedars Sinai, with approximately 59 patients recruited at WU and approximately 21 patients recruited at Cedars Sinai. Patients will be asked to undergo carotid PET/MRI after intravenous injection of 64Cu-25%-CANF-Comb. These 80 subjects will be asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis (ACAS) patients with known carotid artery atherosclerosis by ultrasound/Doppler ≥ 60% diameter stenosis. These patients will be asked to undergo a carotid PET/MRI at a single time point 12-18 hours after intravenous injection of the 64Cu-25%-CANF-Comb radiotracer. Patients treated with OMT alone will undergo repeat PET/MRI at 12-18 months, or earlier if they develop symptoms. PET/MRI changes over the 12-18-month interval will be used to further understand the biology of carotid plaque evolution after treatment with OMT.
At the time of imaging, the investigators will record baseline medications to include any antiplatelet, statin, anti-hypertension, and diabetes medications (OMT), and basic risk factors and demographic information (e.g. diabetic, hypertensive, smoker, hypercholesterolemia), in addition to the patient's age and sex. Vital signs, a blood draw, and urinalysis will be obtained at baseline and at time of imaging (12-18 hrs after injection). A physical examination will be obtained at baseline and at the time of imaging. Telephone follow-up will occur within 48-72 hours (2-3 days) after discharge and then every 3 months until the end of the study to assess for ipsilateral ischemic cerebrovascular event (TIA, stroke) or remote ipsilateral carotid intervention. This outcomes data will be used to answer the primary objective of this project.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||80 participants|
|Official Title:||PET-MR Imaging of Natriuretic Peptide Receptor C (NPR-C) in Carotid Atherosclerosis With Cu-25%-CANF-Comb-II|
|Actual Study Start Date :||March 21, 2023|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||May 31, 2027|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||May 31, 2027|
Patients treated with Optimal Medical Therapy (OMT) alone.
Asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis (ACAS) patients with known carotid artery atherosclerosis by ultrasound/Doppler ≥ 60% diameter stenosis who are clinically referred for OMT alone.
Patients treated with OMT alone that are not treated with CEA will receive an intravenous injection of 4-6 mCi of 64Cu-25%-CANF-Comb radiotracer for PET/MR imaging at the initial imaging visit and at 18 months.
Patients treated with OMT and carotid endarterectomy (CEA).
Asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis (ACAS) patients with known carotid artery atherosclerosis by ultrasound/Doppler ≥ 60% diameter stenosis who are clinically referred for OMT and CEA.
Patients treated with OMT and CEA will receive an intravenous injection of 4-6 mCi of 64Cu-25%-CANF-Comb radiotracer for PET/MR imaging at the initial imaging visit.
- Number of patients reporting ipsilateral ischemic cerebrovascular (TIA, stroke) or remote ipsilateral carotid intervention [ Time Frame: Through study completion, up to 4 years. ]Patients will be contacted every 3 months after PET/MR imaging to assess for interval ipsilateral ischemic cerebrovascular event. In patients treated with OMT, it is anticipated that higher 64Cu-CANF-Comb PET signal (SUV) will correlate with increased ipsilateral ischemic cerebrovascular event (TIA, stroke) or remote ipsilateral carotid intervention (CEA surgery or stent placement); PET signal (SUV) will be assessed as a marker of risk for event in comparison to anatomic features of vulnerable plaque on MRI, with the goal of determining 64Cu-CANF-Comb PET signal above which suggests ACAS at higher risk.
- Changes in 64Cu-CANF-Comb PET signal - OMT [ Time Frame: 18 months. ]Patients treated with OMT will be imaged at baseline and at 18 months to determine interval change in 64Cu-CANF-Comb PET signal (SUV) over time.
- PET signal relative to presence of targeted receptor, NPR-C and histopathological features of plaque vulnerability - CEA surgery as Treatment [ Time Frame: Immediately after surgery. ]In patients who initially undergo CEA, PET signal (SUV) will be compared to ex vivo plaque vulnerability and NPRC cellular distribution to facilitate understanding of gene expression using immunohistochemistry (IHC) and cell lineage/origin through single cell RNA (scRNA)/cellular indexing of transcriptomes and epitopes (CITE)-seq.
Biospecimen Retention: Samples Without DNA
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05838547
|Contact: Molly Mohrmanemail@example.com|
|Contact: Pamela Woodard, MDfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, California|
|Cedars Sinai Medical Center||Not yet recruiting|
|Los Angeles, California, United States, 90048|
|Contact: Yibin Xie, Ph.D Yibin.Xie@cshs.org|
|United States, Missouri|
|Washington University in St. Louis||Recruiting|
|Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63130-2344|
|Contact: Pamela K Woodard, MD email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator:||Pamela Woodard, MD||Washington University School of Medicine|