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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    ea8211
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Focused Radiation Versus Systemic Therapy for Kidney Cancer Patients With Limited Metastasis, SOAR Study

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05863351
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 18, 2023
Last Update Posted : May 3, 2024
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group ( ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group )

Brief Summary:
This phase III trial compares the effect of stero-ablative radiotherapy (SAbR) followed by standard of care systemic therapy, to standard of care systemic therapy alone, in patients with kidney cancer that has spread from where it first started (primary site) to a limited (2-5) number of places in the body (metastatic). Study doctors want to find out if this approach is better or worse than the usual approach for metastatic kidney cancer. The usual approach is defined as the care most people get for metastatic kidney cancer which includes systemic therapy such as immunotherapy (given through the veins) and/or small molecular inhibitor (tablets taken by mouth). Radiotherapy uses high energy x-rays to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. SAbR uses special equipment to position a patient and deliver radiation to tumors with high precision. Giving SAbR prior to systemic therapy may kill more tumor cells than the usual approach, which is systemic therapy alone.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Stage IV Renal Cell Cancer AJCC v8 Procedure: Computed Tomography Procedure: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Other: Questionnaire Administration Procedure: Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy Procedure: Systemic Therapy Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 472 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase III Randomized Trial of Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy (SAbR) for Oligometastatic Advanced Renal Carcinoma (SOAR)
Actual Study Start Date : September 7, 2023
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 1, 2030
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 1, 2037


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Arm I (usual care)
Patients receive standard of care systemic therapy on study. Patients undergo CT or MRI throughout the trial.
Procedure: Computed Tomography
Undergo CT
Other Names:
  • CAT
  • CAT Scan
  • Computed Axial Tomography
  • Computerized Axial Tomography
  • Computerized Tomography
  • CT
  • CT Scan
  • tomography

Procedure: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Undergo MRI
Other Names:
  • Magnetic Resonance
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging Scan
  • Medical Imaging, Magnetic Resonance / Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
  • MR
  • MR Imaging
  • MRI
  • MRI Scan
  • NMR Imaging
  • NMRI
  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Other: Questionnaire Administration
Ancillary studies

Procedure: Systemic Therapy
Given standard of care systemic therapy

Experimental: Arm II (SAbR, usual care)
Patients undergo repeated SAbR until progression and then receive standard of care systemic therapy on study. Patients undergo CT or MRI throughout the trial.
Procedure: Computed Tomography
Undergo CT
Other Names:
  • CAT
  • CAT Scan
  • Computed Axial Tomography
  • Computerized Axial Tomography
  • Computerized Tomography
  • CT
  • CT Scan
  • tomography

Procedure: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Undergo MRI
Other Names:
  • Magnetic Resonance
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging Scan
  • Medical Imaging, Magnetic Resonance / Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
  • MR
  • MR Imaging
  • MRI
  • MRI Scan
  • NMR Imaging
  • NMRI
  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Other: Questionnaire Administration
Ancillary studies

Procedure: Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy
Undergo SAbR
Other Names:
  • SABER
  • SABR/SBRT

Procedure: Systemic Therapy
Given standard of care systemic therapy




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: From randomization to death from any cause, assessed up to 10 years ]
    The repeated confidence interval method will be utilized. At each scheduled interim analysis, a one-sided 95% repeated confidence interval of hazard ratio (stereotactic ablative radiotherapy [SAbR] + standard therapy [ST] / ST) will be computed, using the partial likelihood estimate, to test non-inferiority in OS for SAbR+ST arm.

  2. Incidence of adverse events (AEs) [ Time Frame: From randomization up to 6 months ]
    All patients who receive treatment, regardless of eligibility, will be evaluated for AE/toxicity. AE score will be calculated in 3-month intervals starting from randomization. To calculate the AE score for a 3-month interval, for each patient, the AE sub-score for each Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) categories (there are 26 AE categories listed in CTCAE version 5) will be aggregated based on the highest grade of AE experienced in each CTCAE category.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From randomization to progression of disease, assessed up to 10 years ]
    Patients randomized to SAbR will need to first progress on SAbR, then progress on systemic therapy to be counted as an event for progression. Progression on SAbR is when SAbR (sequential SAbR) is unable to control the disease by meeting one of the two criteria: > 6 metastases in total requiring SAbR (no matter how many metastases a patient was randomized with), or one or more progressing lesions not amenable to SAbR (> 5% risk of grade 3 toxicity by American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology definition). This endpoint will be compared between the two arms using stratified log-rank test, at one-sided 0.025 significance level.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. PFS-start of systemic therapy (SST) [ Time Frame: From the start of SST to progression or death, assessed up to 10 years ]
    Compare the PFS from the start of systemic therapy (instead of from the time of randomization) of Arm A (after PFS-SAbR) with PFS of upfront systemic therapy in Arm B. This endpoint will be descriptive and will only be explored in arm A. Will explore local control that SAbR provides, by looking at local failures after SAbR in SAbR+ST arm only. Local failure is defined as > 30% increase in the longest diameter of SAbR-treated lesion, more than 6 months post SAbR treatment.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient must be >= 18 years of age
  • Patient must have a pathologically (histologically or cytologically) proven diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) prior to randomization
  • Patient may have any RCC histology except a histology that has a sarcomatoid component
  • Patient must have primary site addressed by local therapy. If the primary RCC is intact, the patient must undergo local treatment to the primary before randomization
  • Patient must have favorable or intermediate International Metastatic RCC Database Consortium (IMDC) risk (0-2) at the time of randomization
  • Patient must have a total of between 2 and 5 metastatic lesions, as defined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria with imaging obtained within 45 days prior to randomization
  • Patient must have a documentation from a radiation oncologist confirming that all sites are amenable to SAbR
  • Patient may have received prior therapy in the adjuvant setting as long as potential trial participants have recovered from clinically significant adverse events of their most recent therapy/intervention prior to enrollment
  • Patients with a prior or concurrent malignancy whose natural history or treatment does not have the potential to interfere with the safety or efficacy assessment of the investigational regimen are eligible for this trial
  • Patients with known history or current symptoms of cardiac disease, or history of treatment with cardiotoxic agents, should have a clinical risk assessment of cardiac function using the New York Heart Association Functional Classification. To be eligible for this trial, patients should be class 2B or better
  • All patients of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within 14 days prior to randomization to rule out pregnancy

    • A patient of childbearing potential is defined as anyone, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who meets the following criteria:

      • Has achieved menarche at some point
      • Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy
      • Has not been naturally postmenopausal (amenorrhea following cancer therapy does not rule out childbearing potential) for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months)
  • Patient must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document. Patients with impaired decision-making capacity (IDMC) who have a legally authorized representative (LAR) or caregiver and/or family member available will also be considered eligible
  • Patient must have a Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status 0-2
  • Patients must have adequate organ and bone marrow function as per the recommended guidelines and the respective Food and Drug Administration [FDA] package insert required for the systemic therapy chosen by the treating oncologist. We recognize that patients may have varying levels of renal and liver function that will impact which systemic therapy is appropriate for the patient. We do not require all patients to have specific baseline laboratory thresholds but do ask the treating oncologist to attest that the patient has adequate organ and bone marrow function to safely receive one of the first line systemic therapies listed in the protocol as a standard of care treatment option
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months of randomization are eligible for this trial. Testing for HIV is not required for entry onto the study
  • For patients with history of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, the HBV viral load must be undetectable on suppressive therapy, if indicated. If no previous history, testing for HBV is not required for entry onto the study
  • Patients with a history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection must have been treated and cured. For patients with HCV infection who are currently on treatment, they are eligible if they have an undetectable HCV viral load. If no previous history, testing for HCV is not required for entry onto the study
  • In order to participate in the QOL portion of the protocol, the patient must speak one of the languages in which the NFKSI-19 and EQ-5D-5L is available

    • NOTE: Sites cannot translate the associated QOL forms

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient must not have brain metastases
  • Patient must not have metastasis involving the following locations: ultra-central (within 2cm of carina) lung, invading gastrointestinal tract (such as esophagus, stomach, intestines, colon, rectum), skin, and scalp
  • Patient must not have received any prior systemic therapy (except for adjuvant setting) for metastatic RCC
  • Active autoimmune disease requiring ongoing therapy including systemic treatment with corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications daily. Inhaled steroids and adrenal replacement steroid doses > 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease
  • History of severe allergic, anaphylactic or other hypersensitivity reactions to chimeric or humanized antibodies
  • Active tuberculosis (purified protein derivative [PPD] response without active TB is allowed)
  • Uncontrolled hypertension (systolic blood pressure [BP] > 190mmHg or diastolic BP > 110mmHg)
  • Major surgery within 30 days prior to randomization
  • Any serious (requiring hospital stay or long term rehab) non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture within 30 days prior to randomization
  • Any arterial thrombotic (ST elevation myocardial infarction [STEMI], non-STEMI [NSTEMI], cerebrovascular accident [CVA], etc.) events within 180 days prior to randomization
  • Moderate or severe hepatic impairment (child-Pugh B or C)
  • Untreated pulmonary embolism (PE) or deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) is not allowed. Treated PE or DVT is allowed > 30 days from diagnosis and when not resulting in respiratory impairment
  • Unstable cardiac arrhythmia within 180 days prior to randomization
  • History of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, intra-abdominal abscess, bowel obstruction, or gastric outlet obstruction within 180 days prior to randomization
  • History of or active inflammatory bowel disease
  • Malabsorption syndrome within 30 days prior to randomization
  • Patient must not be pregnant or breast-feeding due to the potential harm to an unborn fetus and possible risk for adverse events in nursing infants with the treatment regimens being used
  • Patient must not expect to conceive or father children by using accepted and effective method(s) of contraception or by abstaining from sexual intercourse for the duration of their participation in the study and for 6 months after the last dose of protocol treatment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05863351


Locations
Show Show 98 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Raquibul Hannan ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
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Responsible Party: ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05863351    
Other Study ID Numbers: EA8211
NCI-2023-02060 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
EA8211 ( Other Identifier: ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group )
EA8211 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
U10CA180820 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: May 18, 2023    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 3, 2024
Last Verified: April 2024

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Renal Cell
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Adenocarcinoma
Kidney Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Female Urogenital Diseases
Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications
Urogenital Diseases
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Male Urogenital Diseases