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Study to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of Sovateltide in Patients With Acute Cerebral Ischemic Stroke

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05955326
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 21, 2023
Last Update Posted : April 8, 2024
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Pharmazz, Inc.

Brief Summary:
This is a prospective, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel, phase IV study designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of sovateltide (PMZ-1620, IRL-1620) as a potential treatment for cerebral ischemic stroke.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Cerebral Ischemia Drug: Sovateltide Other: Normal Saline Phase 4

Detailed Description:

The presence of stem cells in the brain that become active after brain injury is an interesting aspect of regeneration and repair after stroke. The intravenous administration of sovateltide (TYVALZI™, IRL 1620) enhances the activity of neuronal progenitor cells and angiogenesis in the brain. This promotes the formation of new mature neurons and blood vessels, aiding in the repair process. Additionally, sovateltide exhibits anti-apoptotic activity, preventing cell death, and it can increase cerebral blood flow when administered after ischemia. These properties make sovateltide a promising candidate for promoting brain repair and facilitating recovery following acute ischemic stroke.

The study aims to evaluate the safety and efficacy of sovateltide in 160 patients with acute cerebral ischemic stroke. Sovateltide will be administered intravenously in addition to standard treatment. The patients will be divided into two groups, with 80 patients in each. Group 1 will receive sovateltide along with standard treatment, while Group 2 will receive normal saline along with standard treatment. The study will span approximately 18 months, with a patient enrollment period of around 15 months. Each patient will be followed for a total of 3 months, with three study visits during that period. The study will adhere to ethical guidelines and obtain informed consent from patients or their legally acceptable representatives. Efficacy analysis will be performed using statistical tests to compare outcomes between the groups, including NIHSS (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale), mRS (Modified Rankin Scale), and BI (Barthel index) scores. Safety analysis will involve monitoring and categorizing adverse events (AEs) and treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) using standardized medical terminology. Adverse events will be evaluated based on their relationship to the study drug, seriousness, severity, actions taken, and outcomes. Clinical laboratory parameters, vital signs, and physical examinations will also be assessed.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 160 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: The Investigational product (IP) is Sovateltide. It is a lyophilized product, available as Sovateltide injection containing 30 μg of Sovateltide (IRL-1620) in a 5.0 mL vial. The investigational product will be provided by Pharmazz India Pvt. Ltd. Three doses of Sovateltide (each dose of 0.3 μg/kg body weight) will be administered as an IV bolus over one minute at 3 ± 1 hours interval on day 1. The dose will be repeated on day 3 and day 6 post-randomization. Sovateltide will be administered as an IV bolus dose over one minute within 24 hours of the stroke onset. All the patients in the Sovateltide group will continue receiving standard treatment. The reference product is Normal Saline therapy. Three doses of Normal Saline (Equal volume) will be administered as an IV bolus over one minute, at an interval of 3 hours ± 1 hour on day 1. The dose will be repeated on day 3 and day 6 post-randomization. All the patients in the Normal Saline group will continue receiving standard treatment.
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: In this double-blind study, the patient and all relevant personnel involved with the conduct and interpretation of the study (including the investigator, investigational site personnel, and the sponsor or designee's staff) will remain blinded to the identity of the Investigational Product (IP) assigned and the randomization codes. The final randomization list will be kept strictly confidential, filed securely by the independent biostatistician, and accessible only to authorized persons as per the sponsor's standard operating procedures until the completion of the study.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Prospective, Multicentric, Randomized, Double-blind, Parallel, Phase IV Study to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of Sovateltide in Patients With Acute Cerebral Ischemic Stroke
Actual Study Start Date : January 8, 2024
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2025

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Ischemic Stroke

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Sovateltide (Tyvalzi™) + Standard treatment
A total of 80 patients will be enrolled in the experimental arm. Three doses of sovateltide (each dose of 0.3 μg/kg body weight) will be given as an IV bolus in each patient (randomly assigned to this group) over one minute at an interval of 3 ± 1 hours on day 1, day 3, and day 6 (total dose/day: 0.9 μg/kg body weight). All patients will receive standard stroke treatment as provided by the specific hospital setup. Patients will be closely monitored for the qualifying stroke, followed for 3 months, and assessed for safety and efficacy parameters. Efforts will be made to administer the drug at the same time on days 1, 3, and 6.
Drug: Sovateltide
Sovateltide (Tyvalzi™) is a highly selective ETB receptor agonist (Ki values are 0.016 and 1900 nM at ETB and ETA receptors, respectively). It is being developed as a first-in-class neuronal progenitor cell therapy for acute cerebral ischemic stroke. Sovateltide has demonstrated a significant neuroprotection following cerebral ischemia in animal models, while in a clinical phase I trial it was found safe and well-tolerated in healthy human volunteers (CTRI/2016/11/007509). A phase II study (NCT04046484) in 40 patients with cerebral ischemic stroke has demonstrated its superior efficacy with a significant improvement compared to the standard of care and widens the critical time window from 4 hours to 24 hours. A phase III study (NCT04047563) has also been recently completed in 158 patients with cerebral ischemic stroke, demonstrating significant improvement compared to the standard of care.
Other Names:
  • IRL-1620
  • PMZ 1620
  • Tycamzzi™
  • Tyvalzi™

Placebo Comparator: Normal Saline (Dose: Equal volume) + Standard Treatment
A total of 80 patients will be enrolled in this arm. Three doses of an equal volume of normal saline will be administered as an IV bolus in each patient (randomly assigned to this group) over one minute at an interval of 3 ± 1 hours on day 1, day 3, and day 6. All patients will receive standard stroke treatment as provided by the specific hospital setup. Patients will be closely monitored for the qualifying stroke, followed for 3 months, and assessed for safety and efficacy parameters. Efforts will be made to administer the drug at the same time on days 1, 3, and 6.
Other: Normal Saline
Three doses of Normal Saline (0.9% NaCl solution) with a volume equal to the volume of sovateltide will be administered as an IV bolus over one minute, at an interval of 3 hours ± 1 hour on day 1. The dose will be repeated on day 3 and day 6 post-randomization. All the patients in the Normal Saline group will continue receiving standard treatment.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The proportion of patients with adverse events (AEs) and serious adverse events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: 90 days ]
    Any unfavorable sign, symptom, or disease that occurs while using sovateltide will be reported as an adverse event (AE), including the worsening of pre-existing medical conditions. A severe medical occurrence, such as death, life-threatening situations, hospitalization, significant disability, or congenital anomalies will be reported as a serious adverse event (SAE). All AEs will be collected on CRFs from when the patient signs the informed consent form (ICF) until the study exit. Any SAE that is ongoing at the time the patient exits the study must be followed until the event is resolved or there is a satisfactory explanation that meets one of the following outcomes: 1. Resolved (With sequelae or without sequelae). 2. Death and 3. Unknown (Despite adequate follow-up).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The proportion of cerebral ischemic stroke patients with a change in modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score of ≥2 [ Time Frame: 90 days ]
    The mRS measures independence rather than the performance of specific tasks. It accounts for both mental and physical adaptations to neurological deficits. The scale consists of 7 grades, from 0 to 6, with 0 corresponding to no symptoms and 6 corresponding to death (1: No significant disability despite symptoms; able to carry out all usual duties and activities, 2: Slight disability; unable to carry out all previous activities, but able to look after own affairs without assistance, 3: Moderate disability; requiring some help, but able to walk without assistance, 4: Moderately severe disability; unable to walk without assistance and unable to attend to own bodily needs without assistance, 5: Severe disability; bedridden, incontinent, and requiring constant nursing care and attention). A score of ≤ 2 on the mRS is considered a favorable outcome with minimal or no disability. In our study, mRS will be assessed on day 1, day 2, day 3, day 6, day 30, and 3 months.

  2. The proportion of cerebral ischemic stroke patients with a change in National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score ≥6 [ Time Frame: 90 days ]

    NIHSS is the most widely used scale to assess stroke severity and subsequent stroke outcome.

    It is a 42-point scale that measures neurological deficits and contains 15 items, including the level of consciousness, language function neglect, visual fields, eye movements, facial symmetry, motor strength, sensation, and coordination. The examination can be performed quickly. The NIHSS scoring is as follows: • Score 25: Very severe neurological impairment • Score 15-24: Severe impairment • Score 5-14: Moderately severe impairment • Score < 5: Mild impairment. NIHSS has been used extensively in clinical studies to measure stroke outcomes and has been validated and standardized to reduce inter-observer error. It will be assessed on day 1, day 2, day 3, day 6, day 30, and 3 months. In the case of dosing days (day 1, day 3, and day 6), the NIHSS score will be measured before administering the first study dose.


  3. The proportion of cerebral ischemic stroke patients with a change in Barthel index (BI) score ≥60 [ Time Frame: 90 days ]
    The BI is considered a reliable disability scale for stroke patients. It is a 10-item scale on which disability is assessed by various aspects of self-care (feeding, grooming, bathing, dressing, bowel and bladder care, and toilet use) and a group related to mobility (ambulation, transfers, and stair climbing). Patients who score 100 (maximum score) on BI are fully independent in physical functioning. They are continent, can feed and dress themselves, get out of bed, walk more than 1 block, and perform activities of daily living. The lowest score is 0, representing a totally dependent bedridden state. Barthel index will be assessed on day 1, day 2, day 3, day 6, day 30, and 3 months.

  4. Change in National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score [ Time Frame: 90 days ]

    NIHSS is the most widely used scale to assess stroke severity and subsequent stroke outcome.

    It is a 42-point scale that measures neurological deficits and contains 15 items, including the level of consciousness, language function neglect, visual fields, eye movements, facial symmetry, motor strength, sensation, and coordination. The examination can be performed quickly. The NIHSS scoring is as follows: • Score 25: Very severe neurological impairment • Score 15-24: Severe impairment • Score 5-14: Moderately severe impairment • Score < 5: Mild impairment.

    It will be assessed on day 1, day 2, day 3, day 6, day 30, and 3 months. In the case of dosing days (day 1, day 3, and day 6), the NIHSS score will be measured before administering the first study dose. Relative change at various time points will be calculated in each patient and improvement will be analyzed.


  5. Change in modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score [ Time Frame: 90 days ]

    The mRS scale consists of 7 grades, from 0 to 6, with 0 corresponding to no symptoms and 6 corresponding to death (1: No significant disability despite symptoms; able to carry out all usual duties and activities, 2: Slight disability; unable to carry out all previous activities, but able to look after own affairs without assistance, 3: Moderate disability; requiring some help, but able to walk without assistance, 4: Moderately severe disability; unable to walk without assistance and unable to attend to own bodily needs without assistance, 5: Severe disability; bedridden, incontinent, and requiring constant nursing care and attention).

    The mRS scoring will be assessed on day 1, day 2, day 3, day 6, day 30, and 3 months. Relative change in mRS at various time points will be calculated in each patient and improvement will be analyzed.


  6. Change in Barthel index (BI) score [ Time Frame: 90 days ]

    BI (Barthel Index) score is a 10-item scale on which disability is assessed by various aspects of self-care (feeding, grooming, bathing, dressing, bowel and bladder care, and toilet use) and a group related to mobility (ambulation, transfers, and stair climbing). Patients who score 100 (maximum score) on BI are fully independent in physical functioning. They are continent, can feed and dress themselves, get out of bed, walk more than 1 block, and perform activities of daily living. The lowest score is 0, representing a totally dependent bedridden state.

    BI will be assessed on day 1, day 2, day 3, day 6, day 30, and 3 months. Relative change in BI at various time points will be calculated in each patient and improvement will be analyzed.


  7. Change in Quality-of-life as assessed by EuroQol-EQ-5D [ Time Frame: 90 days ]

    EuroQol-EQ-5D is a generic measure of health status developed by an international research group, the EuroQol Group. EuroQol-EQ-5D defines health in terms of mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, and anxiety/depression. Each dimension is divided into 5 levels: no problem, slight problem, moderate problem, severe problem, and extreme problem. The scale is numbered from 0 to 100; 100 means the best health you imagine, and 0 is the worst health you imagine. The patient indicated his/her health by marking it on a numbered scale.

    EuroQol will be assessed on day 1, day 6, day 30, and 3 months. Relative change in EuroQol at various time points will be calculated in each patient and improvement will be analyzed.


  8. Change in Stroke-Specific Quality of Life (SSQOL) [ Time Frame: 90 days ]

    The SS-QOL is a self-report questionnaire consisting of 49 items in the 12 domains of energy, family roles, language, mobility, mood, personality, self-care, social roles, thinking, upper extremity function, vision, and work/productivity. The domains are scored separately, and a the total score is provided, with a minimum value of 1 (meaning the worst outcome) and a the maximum value of 5 (meaning the best outcome).

    SS-QOL will be assessed on days 6, day 30, and 3 months. Relative change in SS-QOL at various time points will be calculated in each patient and improvement will be analyzed.


  9. The proportion of patients with recurrent cerebral ischemic stroke [ Time Frame: 90 days ]

    The data on stroke recurrence are helpful in examining trends, risk factors, and treatment effects.

    Our study will assess the proportion of patients with recurrent cerebral ischemic stroke in sovateltide treated versus placebo-treated patients within 90 days of post-randomization.


  10. Number of deaths [ Time Frame: 90 days ]

    Mortality or death is an indicator of the treatment risk factors as well as its effects on ischemic stroke.

    Mortality will be assessed and compared in the placebo and sovateltide patients within 90 days post-randomization.


  11. Proportion of patients with radiographic or symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) [ Time Frame: 30 hours ]

    Intravenous thrombolysis (e.g., use of t-PA) is the most prevalent treatment strategy for acute ischemic stroke; however, it is associated with thrombolysis-related symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), which occurs in nearly 6% of patients and carries close to 50% mortality. Hence, an assessment of ICH is recommended for the development of new therapeutics to treat ischemic stroke.

    In our study, radiographic or symptomatic ICH will be assessed in the placebo as well as in sovateltide-treated patients and their proportion will be analyzed.



Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Compare baseline Alberta Stroke Program Early CT (ASPECT) Score for stroke severity and identify sites of ischemic lesions [ Time Frame: 90 days ]
    The Alberta Stroke Programme Early Computed Tomography Score (ASPECTS) is widely used to determine the extent of early ischemic changes in brain imaging for acute stroke and is recognized by the American Heart Association guidelines for managing acute stroke. The ASPECT score is a 10-point quantitative score wherein 1 point is deducted for each defined middle cerebral artery (MCA) area showing any evidence of early ischemic change. The ten defined MCA regions include M1 - Anterior MCA cortex, M2 - MCA cortex lateral to the insular ribbon, M3 - posterior MCA cortex, M4 - anterior MCA territory, M5 - lateral MCA territory, M6 - posterior MCA territory, C - Caudate, L - Lentiform Nucleus, I - Insula, and IC - Internal Capsule. A score of 0 would indicate infarction of all 10 regions.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 78 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult males or females aged 18 years through 78 years (have not had their 79th birthday)
  • Patient or Legally Acceptable Representative (LAR) willing to give informed consent before study procedure.
  • Stroke is ischemic in origin and radiologically confirmed Computed Tomography (CT) scan or diagnostic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before enrolment. No hemorrhage as proved by cerebral CT/MRI scan.
  • Cerebral ischemic stroke patients presenting within 24 hours after onset of symptoms with mRS score of 3-4 (pre-stroke mRS score of 0 or 1) and NIHSS score >5 (NIHSS Level of Consciousness (1A) score must be < 2). This includes cerebral ischemic stroke patients who completely recovered from earlier episodes before having a new or fresh stroke.
  • The patient is <24 hours from the time of stroke onset when the first dose of Sovateltide therapy is administered. Time of onset is when symptoms began; for stroke that occurred during sleep, time of onset is when the patient was last seen or was self-reported to be normal.
  • Reasonable expectation of availability to receive the full Sovateltide course of therapy and to be available for subsequent follow-up visits.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients receiving endovascular therapy or is a candidate for any surgical intervention for the treatment of stroke, which may include but not limited to endovascular techniques.
  • Patients classified as comatose are defined as a patient who requires repeated stimulation to attend or is obtunded and requires strong or painful stimulation to make movements (NIHSS Level of Consciousness (1A) score ≥ 2).
  • Evidence of intracranial hemorrhage (intracerebral hematoma, intraventricular hemorrhage, subarachnoid hemorrhage, epidural hemorrhage, an acute or chronic subdural hematoma on the baseline CT or MRI scan 4. Known pregnancy.
  • Confounding pre-existing neurological or psychiatric disease.
  • Concurrent participation in any other therapeutic clinical trial.
  • Evidence of any other major life-threatening or serious medical condition that would prevent completion of the study protocol, impair the assessment of outcome, or in which Sovateltide therapy would be contraindicated or might cause harm to the patient.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05955326


Contacts
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Contact: Dharmesh Shah, Dr. +91(120)256-9779 dharmesh.shah@pharmazz.com

Locations
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India
Guntur Medical College and Government General Hospital Recruiting
Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India, 522001
Contact: Nagarjunakonda V Sundarachary, Dr.         
Lalitha Super Specialities Hospital Pvt. Ltd. Recruiting
Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India, 522001
Contact: Pamidimukkala Vijaya, Dr.         
Radiant Superspeciality Hospital Recruiting
Amaravati, Maharashtra, India, 444606
Contact: Sikandar G Adwani, Dr.         
Government Medical College and attached Hospitals Recruiting
Kota, Rajasthan, India, 324001
Contact: Vijay Sardana, Dr.         
KG Hospital and Post Graduate Medical Institute Recruiting
Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India, 641018
Contact: TCR Ramakrishnan, Dr.         
Maharani Laxmibai Medical College Recruiting
Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, India, 284128
Contact: Arvind K Kankane, Dr.         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Pharmazz, Inc.
Investigators
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Study Director: Manish Lavhale, Ph.D. Pharmazz India
Publications:

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Responsible Party: Pharmazz, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05955326    
Other Study ID Numbers: Sovateltide/CT-4.1/2022
First Posted: July 21, 2023    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 8, 2024
Last Verified: April 2024
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: Plan to publish the findings after completion of the study.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by Pharmazz, Inc.:
Stroke
Endothelin
Endothelin B Receptors
Ischemia
IRL 1620
Sovateltide
Neural progenitors
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Ischemic Stroke
Brain Ischemia
Cerebral Infarction
Ischemia
Stroke
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Brain Infarction
Infarction
Necrosis