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Human Cord Blood Mononuclear Cells in the Treatment of Refractory Diabetic Foot

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05999656
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 21, 2023
Last Update Posted : August 21, 2023
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Shandong Qilu Stem Cells Engineering Co., Ltd.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
The First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University

Brief Summary:
Refractory diabetic foot is one of the most serious and costly chronic complications of diabetes. It is the leading cause of nontraumatic lower-extremity amputations while the conventional treatment is not effective. Therefore, new therapeutic methods are urgently needed. Cell therapy has shown unique advantages and potential in tissue regeneration and wound repair, and is considered as a new effective method to treat diabetic foot. Meanwhile, human cord blood-derived mononuclear cells (HCB-MNCs) with its sufficient sources, strong ability of proliferation and differentiation, and weak immunogenicity, is suitable for the treatment of diabetic foot. It is a prospective, single-arm, single-center clinical study to investigate the efficacy and safety of local injection of HCB-MNCs in the treatment of refractory diabetic foot.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Refractory Diabetic Foot Human Cord Blood-derived Mononuclear Cells Efficacy Safety Local Injection Biological: human cord blood-derived mononuclear cells (HCB-MNCs) Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Refractory diabetic foot is one of the most serious and costly chronic complications of diabetes, and is the leading cause of nontraumatic lower-extremity amputations. Conventional treatment is symptomatic supportive treatment such as controlling blood sugar, fighting infection, improving blood circulation, using topical medications, etc. But the effectiveness is barely satisfactory, while the wound heals slowly, and the large blood vessels that have been blocked cannot be re-opened. Therefore, an effective method is needed to relieve lower limb ischemia, promote ulcer healing and shorten the treatment time.

Cell therapy has shown unique advantages and potential in tissue regeneration and wound repair, and is considered as a new effective method to treat diabetic foot. Cell treatment for diabetic foot include local injection, intravenous infusion and arterial infusion. At present, local intramuscular injection is used in most studies at home and abroad.

HCB-MNCs is composed of immature immune cells and pluripotent stem cells, which is adequate, superior proliferative and immature , is a favorable source of cells for the treatment of diabetic foot. A few clinical studies have found that local intramuscular injection of HCB-MNCs or combined with gel dressing can effectively treat diabetic foot ulcers and relieve pain and other symptoms of patients. In this study, 24 patients with refractory diabetic foot will be enrolled. HCB-MNCs will be injected into the diabetic foot wound area 3 times at a week interval to explore its effectiveness and safety.

The primary objective of this study is to investigate the safety of local application of HCB-MNCs in the treatment of refractory diabetic foot and the change of wound area. The secondary objective is to assess changes in the visual analogue scale, total symptoms score and wagner scale.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 24 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Clinical Study on the Safety and Efficacy of Local Injection of Human Cord Blood Mononuclear Cells in the Treatment of Refractory Diabetic Foot
Actual Study Start Date : May 28, 2023
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 28, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 28, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: human cord blood-derived mononuclear cells (HCB-MNCs)
About 1×10^8 of HCB-MNCs were injected 3 times at a week interval for each participant.
Biological: human cord blood-derived mononuclear cells (HCB-MNCs)
All patients received cell therapy for the first time. HCB-MNCs were injected subcutaneously or intramuscularly into the ulcers of the patients' feet, with an interval of about a centimeter between every two points and an injection volume of 0.2ml at each puncture point. The total injection volume required by the patients was the injection needles multiply 0.2ml (about 2ml of suspended cell in total). The remaining suspension was injected on both sides of the center of the main ischemic site. All patients received three injections of umbilical cord blood mononuclear cells at a week interval, with the latter two injections located around the site of the first injection. The adjuvant therapy remained unchanged within two weeks after cell injection. The follow-up period is 12 weeks after treatment to observe safety and efficacy. If the patient does not recover after 12 weeks, the follow-up period can be extended to 24 weeks.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of patients with no adverse reactions. [ Time Frame: From baseline to 12 weeks after the first treatment. The follow-up period can be extended up to 24 weeks if the patient's foot ulcers have not healed at 12 weeks. ]
    The patient completed 3 times HCB-MNCs treatment and follow-up, and there were no adverse reactions that needed to be stopped. Adverse reactions refer to any symptoms, syndromes or diseases that affect patients' health during clinical research and observation, and also include clinically relevant situations found in the laboratory or other diagnostic processes, such as unplanned diagnosis and treatment measures, withdrawal from research, or clinically significant laboratory examination items. Blood routine, fasting blood glucose, postprandial blood glucose, blood biochemistry, coagulation function, tumor markers and adverse reactions will be recorded during the follow-up.

  2. Rate of wound area change [ Time Frame: From baseline to 12 weeks after the first treatment. The follow-up period can be extended up to 24 weeks if the patient's foot ulcers have not healed at 12 weeks. ]

    The changes of ulcer wound area were compared weekly before and after local application of HCB-MNCs until the wound heals or the follow-up period ends or the wound area no longer changes. The formula for calculating the change rate of periwound is:

    Rate of wound area change=(Wound area per week after treatment-Area of wound before treatment)/ Area of wound before treatment×100



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in visual analogue scale (VAS) [ Time Frame: From baseline to 12 weeks after the first treatment. The follow-up period can be extended up to 24 weeks if the patient's foot ulcers have not healed at 12 weeks. ]
    A Recognized scale containing scores from 0 to 10, with higher scores indicating a worse outcome.

  2. Change in total symptoms score (TSS) [ Time Frame: From baseline to 12 weeks after the first treatment. The follow-up period can be extended up to 24 weeks if the patient's foot ulcers have not healed at 12 weeks. ]
    A Recognized scale containing scores from 0 to 4, with higher scores indicating a worse outcome.

  3. Change in Wagner scale [ Time Frame: From baseline to 12 weeks after the first treatment. The follow-up period can be extended up to 24 weeks if the patient's foot ulcers have not healed at 12 weeks. ]
    A Recognized scale containing levels from 0 to 5, with higher levels indicating a worse outcome.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients aged 18-80 years;
  2. Meet the diagnostic criteria of diabetic foot by International Clinical Guidelines for Diabetic Foot;
  3. Ulcer course ≥8 weeks, Wagner grade ≥2;
  4. There was no healing trend (no reduction in wound size and no obvious new granulation tissue) after 4 weeks or above treatment. Or the ulcer was further aggravated (by Wagner's grade assessment) in the course of standardized treatment;
  5. Fasting blood glucose ≤9mmol/L, 2h postprandial blood glucose ≤13mmol/L;
  6. Signing informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with a history of ketoacidosis and hyperosmosis within 6 months;
  2. Patients with viral infection (treponema pallidum, active hepatitis, HIV, Epstein-Barr virus, etc.)
  3. Patients with malignant disease or cured of basal cell carcinoma within the past 5 years;
  4. Creatinine clearance < 45ml/min;
  5. Patients with severe heart failure (NYHA III-IV);
  6. Patients with a history of myocardial infarction or cerebral infarction in the last 3 months;
  7. Patients who have received cell or growth factor therapy in the past year;
  8. Patients during pregnancy or lactation;
  9. Patients with abnormal thyroid dysfunction history or abnormal control through drug treatment;
  10. Patients with severe hepatic failure (ALT, AST: above 3 times the upper limit of normal);
  11. Lower extremity arterial with large artery occlusion by ultrasound image;
  12. Patients with a history of severe coagulation disorder or hemorrhagic disease;
  13. Patients with sequelae of cerebral infarction or other reasons that cannot extend their lower limbs flat;
  14. Patients with psychological or mental disorders who cannot cooperate with treatment;
  15. Participate in other clinical research within the past three months;
  16. Patients are unable to complete the study or comply with the requirements of the study by investigator's judgment.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05999656


Contacts
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Contact: Xuqin Zheng 13912902902 zhengxuqin@njmu.edu.cn

Locations
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China
the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University Recruiting
Nanjing, China
Contact: Xuqin Zheng    13912902902    zhengxuqin@njmu.edu.cn   
Sponsors and Collaborators
The First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University
Shandong Qilu Stem Cells Engineering Co., Ltd.
Investigators
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Study Chair: Tao Yang The First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University
Study Director: Xuqin Zheng The First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University
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Responsible Party: The First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05999656    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2022-SR-752
First Posted: August 21, 2023    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 21, 2023
Last Verified: August 2023
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: The medical records of the subjects (research medical records , laboratory sheets, etc.) will be kept intact in the hospital. The project researchers, ethics committee and project funding department will be allowed to consult the medical records of the subjects. Any public report on the results of this study will not disclose the personal identity of the subjects. We will make every effort to protect the privacy of the subjects' personal medical data within the scope permitted by the laws of the People's Republic of China.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Diabetic Foot
Diabetic Angiopathies
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Foot Ulcer
Leg Ulcer
Skin Ulcer
Skin Diseases
Diabetes Complications
Diabetes Mellitus
Endocrine System Diseases
Diabetic Neuropathies