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ACTIV-6: COVID-19 Study of Repurposed Medications - Arm G (Metformin)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT06042855
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : September 21, 2023
Last Update Posted : June 12, 2024
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS)
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Susanna Naggie, MD, Duke University

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of repurposed medications (study drug(s) in reducing symptoms of non-hospitalized participants with mild to moderate COVID-19. Participants will receive either study drug or placebo. Participants will self-report any new or worsening symptoms or medical events experienced while taking study drug or placebo. This study is intended to be all remote with no in person visits, unless the study team feels it is in the best interest of a participant to be seen in person.

Prior and current drug arms are listed on clinicaltrials.gov and will be updated with the activation of any new drug arms. Each study arm will also have its own clinicaltrials.gov entry and will include "Pro00107921" in the Unique Protocol ID.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Covid19 Other: Placebo Drug: Metformin Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a novel betacoronavirus that first emerged in December 2019 and has since caused a global pandemic unseen in almost a century with respect to the number of cases and overall mortality. The clinical disease related to SARS-CoV-2 is referred to as Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Over 2020, advances were made for treatment of COVID-19 and several vaccinations have received emergency use authorization for prevention of SARS-CoV-2 infections. However, the pandemic continues to evolve with new variants and surges of infections in different regions of the world, requiring an ongoing evidence-generating platform, in particular for the treatment of COVID-19 infection in the outpatient setting.

This proposed platform protocol can serve as an evidence generating system for prioritized drugs repurposed from other indications with an established safety record and preliminary evidence of clinical efficacy for the treatment of COVID-19. The ultimate goal is to evaluate if repurposed medications can make participants feel better faster and reduce death and hospitalization.

This platform protocol is designed to be flexible so that it is suitable for a wide range of settings within healthcare systems and in community settings where it can be integrated into routine COVID-19 testing programs and subsequent treatment plans. This platform protocol will enroll participants in an outpatient setting with a confirmed polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or antigen test for SARS-CoV-2.

Participants will be randomized to study drugs or placebo based on the arms that are actively enrolling at the time of randomization. Study drugs may be added or removed according to adaptive design and/or emerging evidence. When there are multiple study drugs available, randomization will occur based on appropriateness of each drug for the participant as determined by the study protocol and investigator and participant equipoise. Each participant will be required to randomize to at least one study drug versus placebo. The probability of placebo to treatment will remain the same regardless of eligibility decisions.

Eligible participants will be randomized (1:1), in a blinded fashion, to either the study drug arm or placebo arm in addition to standard of care. As additional study drugs are added, the randomization will be altered to leverage placebo data across arms. Participants will receive a complete supply study drug or placebo with the quantity depending on the study drug/placebo to which they are randomized.

All study visits are designed to be remote. However, screening and enrollment may occur in-person at sites and unplanned study visits may occur in-person or remotely, as deemed appropriate by the site investigator for safety purposes. Participants will be asked to complete questionnaires and report safety events during the study. Participants will be prompted by the online system to report safety events and these will be reviewed and confirmed via medical records and site staff, as necessary.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 15000 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Randomized Trial
Masking: Double (Participant, Care Provider)
Masking Description: The participant and study teams will know which study drug the participant is allocated to, but will be blinded to study drug versus placebo.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: ACTIV-6: COVID-19 Outpatient Randomized Trial to Evaluate Efficacy of Repurposed Medications
Actual Study Start Date : September 5, 2023
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 3, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm G - Metformin

Metformin IR tablets will be self-administered orally according to the following dosing schedule:

  • 500 mg on Day 1;
  • 500 mg in the morning and 500 mg in the evening on Day 2 through Day 5; and
  • 500 mg in the morning and 2 x 500 mg (a total of 1000 mg) in the evening on Day 6 through Day 14.
Drug: Metformin
Metformin IR tablets contain the active metformin hydrochloride and inactive ingredients including povidone and magnesium stearate. Commercially available metformin 500 mg tablets will be provided.

Placebo Comparator: Arm G - Placebo

Placebo - appearance and size matched to active study drug.

Placebo will be self-administered orally by each participant, with number of tablets matched to active study drug dosing.

Other: Placebo
Each study arm will contain a placebo comparator. Placebo will look similar to study drug and will be administered via the same route of administration and dose. However, placebo will be an inactive substance, containing no study drug.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time to sustained recovery in Days [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Time to sustained recovery was the number of days between receipt of study drug and the third of 3 consecutive days without symptoms. Participants who died, by definition, did not recover regardless of reported symptom freedom. The reported summary is the median survival time. The overall effect of each study drug versus matching placebo will be quantified using one of these two primary endpoints, which will be defined and documented per study drug appendix prior to the initial IA: clinical events (hospitalization or death) or time to recovery. The other will be evaluated as a secondary endpoint.

  2. Number of Participants With Hospitalization or Death [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    The overall effect of each study drug versus matching placebo will be quantified using one of these two primary endpoints, which will be defined and documented per study drug appendix prior to the initial IA: clinical events (hospitalization or death) or time to recovery. The other will be evaluated as a secondary endpoint.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time to sustained recovery in Days [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    (If not evaluated as primary endpoint for the given study drug appendix) Time to sustained recovery was the number of days between receipt of study drug and the third of 3 consecutive days without symptoms. Participants who died, by definition, did not recover regardless of reported symptom freedom. The reported summary is the median survival time. The overall effect of each study drug versus matching placebo will be quantified using one of these two primary endpoints, which will be defined and documented per study drug appendix prior to the initial IA: clinical events (hospitalization or death) or time to recovery. The other will be evaluated as a secondary endpoint.

  2. Number of Participants With Hospitalization or Death [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    (If not evaluated as primary endpoint for the given study drug appendix)

  3. Number of Participants With Mortality [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
  4. Time to mortality [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Time to mortality was the number of days between drug receipt and death.

  5. Number of Participants With Hospitalization, Urgent Care, Emergency Room Visit, or Death [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
  6. Number of Participants at Each Score on the COVID Clinical Progression Scale at Day 7. [ Time Frame: Day 7 ]
    COVID Clinical Progression Scale is a scale of 0 to 8 where 0 = No clinical or virological evidence of infection, 1 = No limitation of activities, 2 = Limitation of activities, 3 = Hospitalized, no oxygen therapy, 4 = Hospitalized, on oxygen by mask or nasal prongs, 5 = Hospitalized, on non-invasive ventilation or high-flow oxygen, 6 = Hospitalized, on intubation and mechanical ventilation, 7 = Hospitalized, on ventilation + additional organ support (pressors, RRT, ECMO), 8 = Death.

  7. Number of Participants at Each Score on the COVID Clinical Progression Scale at Day 14. [ Time Frame: Day 14 ]
    COVID Clinical Progression Scale is a scale of 0 to 8 where 0 = No clinical or virological evidence of infection, 1 = No limitation of activities, 2 = Limitation of activities, 3 = Hospitalized, no oxygen therapy, 4 = Hospitalized, on oxygen by mask or nasal prongs, 5 = Hospitalized, on non-invasive ventilation or high-flow oxygen, 6 = Hospitalized, on intubation and mechanical ventilation, 7 = Hospitalized, on ventilation + additional organ support (pressors, RRT, ECMO), 8 = Death.

  8. Number of Participants at Each Score on the COVID Clinical Progression Scale at Day 28. [ Time Frame: Day 28 ]
    COVID Clinical Progression Scale is a scale of 0 to 8 where 0 = No clinical or virological evidence of infection, 1 = No limitation of activities, 2 = Limitation of activities, 3 = Hospitalized, no oxygen therapy, 4 = Hospitalized, on oxygen by mask or nasal prongs, 5 = Hospitalized, on non-invasive ventilation or high-flow oxygen, 6 = Hospitalized, on intubation and mechanical ventilation, 7 = Hospitalized, on ventilation + additional organ support (pressors, RRT, ECMO), 8 = Death.

  9. Quality of Life (QOL) as measured by the PROMIS-29 - Physical Function [ Time Frame: Day 7, 14, 28, 90, 120, and 180 ]
    The PROMIS-29 (Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System) consists of seven health domains with four 5-level items associated with each and a pain intensity assessment using a 0-10 numeric rank. The seven health domains include physical function, fatigue, pain interference, depressive symptoms, anxiety, ability to participate in social roles and activities, and sleep disturbance. Raw score ranges from 4-20, where a higher score correlates to better outcome for physical function.

  10. Quality of Life (QOL) as measured by the PROMIS-29 - Fatigue [ Time Frame: Day 7, 14, 28, 90, 120, and 180 ]
    The PROMIS-29 (Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System) consists of seven health domains with four 5-level items associated with each and a pain intensity assessment using a 0-10 numeric rank. The seven health domains include physical function, fatigue, pain interference, depressive symptoms, anxiety, ability to participate in social roles and activities, and sleep disturbance. Raw score ranges from 4-20, where a lower score correlates to better outcome for fatigue.

  11. Quality of Life (QOL) as measured by the PROMIS-29 - Pain [ Time Frame: Day 7, 14, 28, 90, 120, and 180 ]
    The PROMIS-29 (Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System) consists of seven health domains with four 5-level items associated with each and a pain intensity assessment using a 0-10 numeric rank. The seven health domains include physical function, fatigue, pain interference, depressive symptoms, anxiety, ability to participate in social roles and activities, and sleep disturbance. Raw score ranges from 4-20, where a lower score correlates to better outcome for pain.

  12. Quality of Life (QOL) as measured by the PROMIS-29 - Depression [ Time Frame: Day 7, 14, 28, 90, 120, and 180 ]
    The PROMIS-29 (Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System) consists of seven health domain with four 5-level items associated with each and a pain intensity assessment using a 0-10 numeric rank. The seven health domains include physical function, fatigue, pain interference, depressive symptoms, anxiety, ability to participate in social roles and activities, and sleep disturbance. Raw score ranges from 4-20, where a lower score correlates to better outcome for depression.

  13. Quality of Life (QOL) as measured by the PROMIS-29 - Anxiety [ Time Frame: Day 7, 14, 28, 90, 120, and 180 ]
    The PROMIS-29 (Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System) consists of seven health domains with four 5-level items associated with each and a pain intensity assessment using a 0-10 numeric rank. The seven health domains include physical function, fatigue, pain interference, depressive symptoms, anxiety, ability to participate in social roles and activities, and sleep disturbance. Raw score ranges from 4-20 where a lower score correlates to better outcome for anxiety.

  14. Quality of Life (QOL) as measured by the PROMIS-29 - Social [ Time Frame: Day 7, 14, 28, 90, 120, and 180 ]
    The PROMIS-29 (Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System) consists of seven health domains with four 5-level items associated with each and a pain intensity assessment using a 0-10 numeric rank. The seven health domains include physical function, fatigue, pain interference, depressive symptoms, anxiety, ability to participate in social roles and activities, and sleep disturbance. Raw score ranges from 4-20 where a higher score correlates to better outcome for social roles and activities.

  15. Quality of Life (QOL) as measured by the PROMIS-29 - Sleep [ Time Frame: Day 7, 14, 28, 90, 120, and 180 ]
    The PROMIS-29 (Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System) consists of seven health domains with four 5-level items associated with each and a pain intensity assessment using a 0-10 numeric rank. The seven health domains include physical function, fatigue, pain interference, depressive symptoms, anxiety, ability to participate in social roles and activities, and sleep disturbance. Raw score ranges from 4-20 where a lower score correlates to better outcome for sleep.

  16. Time Unwell in Days as Measured by the Symptom and Clinical Event Scale [ Time Frame: Up to 14 days ]
    The symptom and clinical event scale is a daily measurement that combines the global symptom burden scale with clinical events hospitalization and mortality. (No symptoms, mild symptoms, moderate symptoms, severe symptoms, hospitalized, deceased). Time unwell was the portion of follow-up (in days) that a participant was symptomatic, hospitalized, or deceased. The quantity is estimated from a Bayesian longitudinal ordinal regression model with covariate adjustment and weakly informative priors.

  17. Mean Days Benefit as Measured by the Symptom and Clinical Event Scale [ Time Frame: Up to 14 days ]
    The symptom and clinical event scale is a daily measurement that combines the global symptom burden scale with clinical events hospitalization and mortality. (No symptoms, mild symptoms, moderate symptoms, severe symptoms, hospitalized, deceased). The cumulative benefit of treatment A is the probability of experiencing a better outcome on treatment A compared to treatment B, summed over the days of follow-up. The difference between the cumulative benefit of treatment A and the cumulative benefit of treatment B is known as the difference in days benefit. Measure of dispersion is 95% credible interval.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   30 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Eligibility for overall study are listed below. There may be additional appendix-specific criteria.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Completed Informed Consent
  • Age ≥ 30 years old
  • Confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection by any authorized or approved polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or antigen test collected within 10 days of screening
  • Two or more current symptoms of acute infection for ≤7 days. Symptoms include the following: fatigue, dyspnea, fever, cough, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, body aches, chills, headache, sore throat, nasal symptoms, new loss of sense of taste or smell

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Current or recent (within 10 days of screening) hospitalization for COVID-19 infection
  • Current or planned participation in another interventional trial to treat COVID-19, at the discretion of the study principal investigator (PI)
  • Current or recent use (within the last 14 days) of study drug or study drug/device combination
  • Known allergy/sensitivity or any hypersensitivity to components of the study drug or placebo
  • Known contraindication(s) to study drug including prohibited concomitant medications
  • Previous or current enrollment in the ACTIV-6 trial

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT06042855


Locations
Show Show 110 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Susanna Naggie, MD
National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS)
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Susanna Naggie, MD Duke Clinical Research Institute
Principal Investigator: Adrian Hernandez, MD Duke Clinical Research Institute
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Responsible Party: Susanna Naggie, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine, Duke University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT06042855    
Other Study ID Numbers: Pro00107921_G
3U24TR001608-05W1 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: September 21, 2023    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 12, 2024
Last Verified: June 2024
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Investigators will share this data after it has been de-identified, beginning around 6 months after publication and for up to 36 months afterward. Access will only be shared with those who have obtained prior IRB approval to be able to access this data.
Supporting Materials: Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Time Frame: Up to 36 months after publication
Access Criteria: Interested investigators will need to seek prior IRB approval before access to any data is granted.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Susanna Naggie, MD, Duke University:
SARS-CoV-2
COVID-19
Placebo
Duke University Health System
Outcomes
Duke Clinical Research Institute
ACTIV 6
ACTIV
metformin
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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COVID-19
Pneumonia, Viral
Pneumonia
Respiratory Tract Infections
Infections
Virus Diseases
Coronavirus Infections
Coronaviridae Infections
Nidovirales Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Metformin
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs