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T-DXd Therapy for HER2-low Breast Cancer Patients With Brain Metastases (TUXEDO-4)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT06048718
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : September 21, 2023
Last Update Posted : January 26, 2024
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Daiichi Sankyo
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
MedSIR

Brief Summary:

TUXEDO-4 is an international, multicentric, single arm, phase II study aiming to gather additional solid evidence of Trastuzumab-Deruxtecan (T-DXd) activity in patients with Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (HER2)-low breast cancer with active brain metastases.

This study will analyze the efficacy of T-DXd as determined by overall response rate (ORR) at any timepoint as judged by best CNS response according to RANO-BM criteria.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Metastatic Breast Cancer Drug: Trastuzumab-Deruxtecan (T-DXd) Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is an international, multicentric, single arm, phase II study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of T-DXd in HER2-low breast cancer with newly diagnosed or progressing brain metastases with or without untreated type II leptomeningeal disease (LMD).

Upon meeting all selection criteria, a total of 27 patients will be enrolled as follows: 13 patients will be accrued in stage 1 to receive T-DXd and additional 14 patients will be accrued in stage 2 according to the number of responses seen in stage 1.

The main objective is to analyze the efficacy of T-DXd as determined by ORR at any timepoint as judged by best CNS response according to RANO-BM criteria.

End of study is estimated to occur approximately 11 months after the last patient included in the study starts treatment, unless premature termination of the study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 27 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Single-arm, two-stage optimal Simon's design, phase II clinical trial.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study of Trastuzumab-Deruxtecan (T-DXd; DS-8201a) in HER2-Low Breast Cancer Patients Presenting With Newly Diagnosed or Progressing Brain Metastases
Estimated Study Start Date : April 2024
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2026

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer
Drug Information available for: Trastuzumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: T-DXd
Patients will receive T-DXd at 5.4 mg/kg administered as an intravenous (IV) infusion every three-weeks (Q3W) until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, death, or discontinuation from the study.
Drug: Trastuzumab-Deruxtecan (T-DXd)
Trastuzumab-deruxtecan is a human HER2-directed antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) composed of humanized anti-HER2 immunoglobulin G1 (IgG1) monoclonal antibody (mAb) with the same amino acid sequence as trastuzumab, covalently linked to the membrane-permeable topoisomerase I inhibitor payload, DXd, an exatecan derivative, via a stable tetrapeptide-based linker, selectively cleaved within tumor cells.
Other Name: DS-8021a, ENHERTU




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. ORR at any time point as judged by best central nervous system (CNS) response in all patients. [ Time Frame: From baseline until approximately 11 months after the last patient included in the study starts treatment. ]
    To assess efficacy, defined as overall response rate (ORR) at any timepoint as judged by best CNS response according to RANO-BM criteria.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. ORR as judged by best response for extracranial (EC) and overall lesions in all patients. [ Time Frame: From baseline until approximately 11 months after the last patient included in the study starts treatment. ]
    ORR for EC and overall lesions, defined as the rate of patients with complete response (CR) or partial response (PR), determined locally by the investigator per RECIST criteria v.1.1.

  2. Bicompartmental clinical benefit rate (Bi-CBR) in all patients. [ Time Frame: From baseline until approximately 11 months after the last patient included in the study starts treatment. ]
    Bi-CBR defined as the sum of CR rate, PR rate and more than 24 weeks stable disease (SD) rate, and determined locally by the investigator through the use of RANO-BM criteria for intracranial (IC) lesions and RECIST v.1.1 for EC and overall lesions.

  3. Bicompartmental disease control rate (Bi-DCR) in all patients. [ Time Frame: From baseline until approximately 11 months after the last patient included in the study starts treatment. ]
    Bi-DCR, defined as CR+PR+SD, determined locally by the investigator per RANO-BM criteria for IC lesions and RECIST criteria v.1.1 for both EC and overall lesions.

  4. Time to response (TTR) in all patients. [ Time Frame: From baseline until approximately 11 months after the last patient included in the study starts treatment. ]
    TTR, defined as the period from the treatment initiation to time of the first objective tumor response (tumor shrinkage of ≥ 30%) observed for patients who achieved a CR or PR, as per RANO-BM for intracranial lesions and RECIST v.1.1 for extracranial and overall lesions.

  5. Duration of response (DoR) in all patients. [ Time Frame: From baseline until approximately 11 months after the last patient included in the study starts treatment. ]
    DoR, defined as the period from the first occurrence of a documented objective response to disease progression or death from any cause, observed for patients who achieved a CR or PR, as per RANO-BM for intracranial lesions and RECIST v.1.1 for extracranial and overall lesions.

  6. Best percentage of change in tumor burden in all patients. [ Time Frame: From baseline until approximately 11 months after the last patient included in the study starts treatment. ]
    Best percentage of change in tumor burden as per RANO-BM for intracranial lesions and RECIST v.1.1 for extracranial and overall measurable lesions.

  7. Progression-free survival (PFS) in all patients. [ Time Frame: From baseline until approximately 11 months after the last patient included in the study starts treatment. ]
    PFS, defined as the period from treatment initiation to the first occurrence of disease progression or death from any cause, whichever occurs first. Progression will be determined locally per RANO-BM criteria for IC lesions and RECIST criteria v.1.1 for both EC and overall lesions.

  8. Overall survival (OS) in all patients. [ Time Frame: From baseline until approximately 11 months after the last patient included in the study starts treatment. ]
    OS, defined as the period from treatment initiation to death from any cause, determined locally by the investigator.

  9. Incidence of Adverse Events [Safety and Tolerability] [ Time Frame: From baseline until approximately 11 months after the last patient included in the study starts treatment. ]
    To evaluate incidence and severity of adverse events, with severity determined in accordance to NCI-CTCAE v.5.0

  10. Evaluation of the quality of life (QoL) in all patients (QLQ-c30 questionnaire). [ Time Frame: From baseline until approximately 11 months after the last patient included in the study starts treatment. ]

    Assessment of QoL with the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) quality of life questionnaire (QLQ-c30).

    Changes from baseline is fitted to a repeated measures model including subjects as a random effect, baseline, and post-baseline evaluations. Time to Improvement and Deterioration Analysis Using a threshold value for improvement and deterioration specific to the measures of interest, time to improvement and time to deterioration could be estimated. Distributions of time-to-event variables will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Median times to event with 2-sided 95% confidence intervals will be estimated.


  11. Evaluation of the quality of life (QoL) in all patients (QLQ-BN20 questionnaire). [ Time Frame: From baseline until approximately 11 months after the last patient included in the study starts treatment. ]
    Assessment of QoL with the brain cancer specific questionnaire (QLQ-BN20 ). Changes from baseline is fitted to a repeated measures model including subjects as a random effect, baseline, and post-baseline evaluations. Time to Improvement and Deterioration Analysis Using a threshold value for improvement and deterioration specific to the measures of interest, time to improvement and time to deterioration could be estimated. Distributions of time-to-event variables will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Median times to event with 2-sided 95% confidence intervals will be estimated.

  12. Evaluation of the quality of life (QoL) in all patients (QLQ-BR45 questionnaire). [ Time Frame: From baseline until approximately 11 months after the last patient included in the study starts treatment. ]
    Assessment of QoL with the BC specific questionnaire (QLQ-BR45). Changes from baseline is fitted to a repeated measures model including subjects as a random effect, baseline, and post-baseline evaluations. Time to Improvement and Deterioration Analysis Using a threshold value for improvement and deterioration specific to the measures of interest, time to improvement and time to deterioration could be estimated. Distributions of time-to-event variables will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Median times to event with 2-sided 95% confidence intervals will be estimated.

  13. Evaluation of neurologic function in all patients. [ Time Frame: From baseline until approximately 11 months after the last patient included in the study starts treatment. ]

    To evaluate the neurologic function with clinician-reported outcome Neurologic Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (NANO) scale.

    The NANO is an objective clinician-reported outcome of neurologic function that consists of 9 neurologic domains: gait, strength, ataxia (upper extremity), sensation, visual fields, facial strength, language, level of consciousness, and behavior.

    Each domain is subdivided into 3 or 4 levels of function with scores based on discrete quantifiable measures. Levels of function for each domain range from 0 to 2 or 0 to 3. A score of 0 indicates normal function, while the highest score indicates the most severe level of deficit for that domain.




Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patient must be capable to understand the purpose of the study and have signed written informed consent form (ICF) prior to beginning specific protocol procedures.
  2. Female or male patients ≥ 18 years of age at the time of signing ICF.
  3. Radiologically documented metastatic breast cancer with locally documented HER2-low status according to the 2018 ASCO/CAP guidelines.
  4. Life expectancy ≥ 12 weeks.
  5. Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) ≥70%, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0-2.
  6. Participants with contraindications to T-DXd therapy cannot be enrolled to the study.
  7. Newly diagnosed or progressive BM without indication for immediate local therapy.
  8. Measurable disease by Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology Brain Metastases (RANO-BM) criteria.
  9. Presenting with one of the following:

    • ≥1 brain lesion, measurable (≥10 mm per local radiological assessment) or;
    • Patients may or may not have untreated type II LMD per European Association of Neuro-Oncology (EANO)- European Society for Molecular Oncology (ESMO) criteria.
  10. Patients must have undergone ≥1 line of systemic treatment in the advanced setting.
  11. Patients have adequate treatment washout period before enrolment, defined as:

    • local therapy (major surgery and radiotherapy) or antibody treatment ≥4 weeks;
    • targeted agents, chemotherapy, small molecule, or anti-cancer hormonal therapy ≥3 weeks.
  12. Patients must have left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥ 50% by either an echocardiogram (ECHO) or multigated acquisition (MUGA) scan within 28 days before enrolment.
  13. Patient has adequate bone marrow, liver, renal and coagulation function:

    • Hematological: without platelet, red blood cell transfusion, and/or granulocyte colony-stimulating factor support within 7 days before first study treatment dose.
    • Hepatic: Serum albumin ≥ 2.5 g/dL; total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) (≤ 3 in patients with liver metastases or know history of Gilbert's disease); alkaline phosphatase (ALP) ≤ 2.5 times ULN; aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) ≤ 3 times ULN (≤ 5 in patients with liver metastases); international normalized ratio (INR) < 1.5.
    • Renal: serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN or creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min/1.73 m2 based on Cockcroft-Gault glomerular filtration rate estimation for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal.
  14. Resolution of all acute toxic effects of prior anti-cancer therapy to grade ≤ 1 as determined by the US National Cancer Institute (NCI)-Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0 (v.5.0). Participants with chronic Grade 2 toxicities may be eligible per the discretion of the investigator.

    Note: Except for alopecia or other toxicities not considered a safety risk for the patient at investigator's discretion.

  15. For women of childbearing potential: agreement to remain abstinent (must refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use highly effective contraceptive methods, or two effective contraceptive methods, as defined in the CSP, during the treatment period and for at least 7 months after the last dose of study treatment, whichever is longer. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 14 days before study treatment initiation and must agree to refrain from donating eggs during the entire study treatment period and for 7 months after the last administration of the study drug.
  16. Being male subjects, surgically sterile or having agreed with true abstinence (must refrain from heterosexual intercourse), or whose female partners are willing to agree with true abstinence or use barrier contraceptive measures mentioned above during the entire study treatment period and for 4 months after the last administration of the study drug. Males must agree to refrain from donating sperm during the entire study treatment period and for 4 months after the last administration of the study drug.
  17. Patients must be able to tolerate therapy.
  18. Patients must be accessible for treatment and follow-up.

Exclusion criteria:

  1. Current participation in another therapeutic clinical trial.
  2. Treatment with approved or investigational cancer therapy such as antibody treatment within 4 weeks prior to initiation of study drug; or targeted agents, chemotherapy, small molecule, or anti-cancer hormonal therapy within 3 weeks prior to initiation of study drug.
  3. Patients have a concurrent malignancy or malignancy within five years of study enrolment with the exception of carcinoma in situ of the cervix, non-melanoma skin carcinoma, stage I uterine cancer or contralateral breast cancer within the last 3 years. For other cancers considered to have a low risk of recurrence, discussion with the Medical Monitor is required.
  4. Prior treatment with T-DXd.
  5. Known allergy or hypersensitivity to T-DXd or any of the drug components.
  6. Medical history of myocardial infarction (MI) within 6 months before enrolment, symptomatic congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association Class II to IV).
  7. LVEF < 50% as determined by echocardiogram (ECHO) or multi-gated acquisition (MUGA) scan within 28 days prior to treatment.
  8. Long corrected QTcF interval prolongation to > 470 ms based on average of screening triplicate 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG).
  9. History of (non-infectious) interstitial lung disease (ILD)/pneumonitis that required steroids, current ILD/pneumonitis, or where suspected ILD/pneumonitis cannot be ruled out by imaging at screening.
  10. Lung criteria:

    1. Lung-specific intercurrent clinically significant illnesses including, but not limited to, any underlying pulmonary disorder (eg, pulmonary emboli within 3 months of study enrolment, severe asthma, severe COPD, restrictive lung disease, pleural effusion etc).
    2. Any autoimmune, connective tissue or inflammatory disorders (ie, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren's, sarcoidosis, etc.) where there is documented, or a suspicion of pulmonary involvement at the time of screening. Full details of the disorder should be recorded in the eCRF for participants who are included in the study.
    3. Prior pneumonectomy.
  11. Any autoimmune, connective tissue or inflammatory disorders (e.g., Rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren's, sarcoidosis etc.) where there is documented, or a suspicion of pulmonary involvement at the time of screening.
  12. Pregnant or lactating women.
  13. Any serious medical condition or abnormality in clinical laboratory tests that, in the investigator's judgment, precludes the patient's safe participation in and completion of the study.
  14. Current known infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV), or hepatitis C virus (HCV). Patients with past HBV infection or resolved HBV infection (defined as having a negative hepatitis B surface antibody [HBsAg] test and a positive hepatitis B core antibody [HBcAb] test, accompanied by a negative HBV DNA test) are eligible. Patients positive for HCV antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is negative for HCV RNA.
  15. Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection that is not well controlled. All of the following criteria are required to define an HIV infection that is well controlled: undetectable viral RNA, CD4+ count ≥ 350, no history of AIDS-defining opportunistic infection within the past 12 months, and stable for at least 4 weeks on the same anti-HIV medications (meaning there are no expected further changes in that time to the number or type of antiretroviral drugs in the regimen). If an HIV infection meets the above criteria, monitoring of viral RNA load and CD4+ count is recommended.
  16. History of a major surgical procedure (defined as requiring general anesthesia) or significant traumatic injury within 21 days prior to enrolment, or patients who have not recovered from the side effects of any major surgery.
  17. A history of uncontrolled seizures, central nervous system (CNS) disorders or serious and/or unstable pre-existing psychiatric disability judged by the investigator to be clinically significant and adversely affecting compliance to study drugs or interfering with subject safety.
  18. Patients requiring concomitant use of chronic systemic (intravenously [IV] or oral) corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive medications except for managing adverse events (inhaled steroids or intra articular steroid injections are permitted in this study). Corticosteroids (dexamethasone at 4 mg or equivalent doses) are allowed only for the treatment of bone metastases and for the treatment of specific adverse drug reactions. The use of stable corticosteroid therapy in patients with BM can be discussed with the Medical Monitor.

    Note: Hematopoietic growth factors may be used for prophylaxis or treatment based on the clinical judgment of the investigator. Concomitant use of dietary supplements, medications not prescribed by the Investigator, and alternative/complementary treatments is discouraged, but not prohibited. Prophylactic or supportive treatment of study-drug induced adverse events will be otherwise as per investigator's discretion and institutional guidelines.

  19. Patients with known substance abuse or any other medical conditions such as clinically significant cardiac or psychological conditions, that may, in the opinion of the investigator, interfere with the subject's participation in the clinical study or evaluation of the clinical study results.
  20. Use of concurrent investigational agents, endocrine treatments, or other concomitant anti-cancer therapies.
  21. Participants who are unable or unwilling to comply with the requirements of the protocol in the opinion of the investigator.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT06048718


Contacts
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Contact: Marta Campolier + 34 623 333 647 marta.campolier@medsir.org
Contact: Susana Vitorino + 34 932 214 135 trialsregister.medsir@medsir.org

Sponsors and Collaborators
MedSIR
Daiichi Sankyo
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Maximilian Marhold, MD, PhD, PD Medical University of Vienna, Vienna General Hospital, Vienna, Austria
Principal Investigator: Matthias Preusser, MD, Prof Medical University of Vienna, Vienna General Hospital, Vienna, Austria
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Responsible Party: MedSIR
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT06048718    
Other Study ID Numbers: MEDOPP596
2023-506702-39-00 ( Other Identifier: EU CT )
First Posted: September 21, 2023    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 26, 2024
Last Verified: September 2023

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by MedSIR:
breast cancer
HER2-low
brain metastases
T-DXd
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasm Metastasis
Brain Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Brain Diseases
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Trastuzumab
Trastuzumab deruxtecan
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunoconjugates
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs