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Strengthening and Stretching Exercise to Improve Forward Head Posture and Rounded Shoulders

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT04216862
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 3, 2020
Last Update Posted : October 27, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Riphah International University

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE December 23, 2019
First Posted Date  ICMJE January 3, 2020
Last Update Posted Date October 27, 2020
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE September 1, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date February 20, 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 2, 2020)
  • Craniovertebral angle [ Time Frame: 3 Months ]
    The angle between the line from the external auditory meatus to the seventh cervical vertebra and a horizontal line at the level of the seventh cervical vertebra using photogrammetry
  • Scapular Index [ Time Frame: 3 Months ]
    Its the ratio of the length of the scapula to its breadth multiplied by 100 and will be measured using Posture Assessment Software
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Strengthening and Stretching Exercise to Improve Forward Head Posture and Rounded Shoulders
Official Title  ICMJE Effect of Strengthening and Stretching Exercise of Deep Neck Muscles Group to Improve Forward Head Posture and Rounded Shoulders in Normal Healthy Adults
Brief Summary Forward head posture (FHP) and Rounded shoulders (RS) are defined as protrusion of the head and shoulders in the sagittal plane. Forward head posture is defined as the anterior positioning of the cervical spine. Rounded shoulders also called protracted shoulder (PS) is a protrusion of the acromion of the shoulder joint relative to the centerline of gravity of the body, causing stooped posture along with elevation, protraction, and downward rotation of the scapula, and an increased angle between the lower neck bone and upper spine. Many Physical therapy treatment options are available to correct forward head posture and rounded shoulders which focused to correct the muscle imbalance and restore the normal posture of Cervical spine and shoulder. The objective of this study is to compare the outcomes of Strengthening exercise with the outcomes of stretching exercise on the targeted muscle group to correct forward head posture and rounded shoulders. The study will determine effective management plan for correction of forward head posture and rounded shoulders. It will be Experimental Randomized Controlled Trial. 26 Patients will be included through consecutive sampling, with 13 patients in each of 2 groups. Subjects will be equally distributed to two groups with use of dice roll method of randomization. From the two groups, one receiving strengthening exercise treatment and other receiving stretching exercise treatment. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) V 25.will be used for Data analysis. Results will be extracted. Conclusion will be made after comparing the pre and post treatment results of both treatment approaches.
Detailed Description

Forward head posture and Rounded Shoulder are related to muscle imbalance, which disturbs length tension relationship of muscles. Weak and lengthened muscles in Forward head posture and rounded shoulders are deep neck flexors which include longus capitis and longus coli and weak scapular stabilizers and retractors which include Rhomboids and middle, lower trapezius, Teres Minor and Infraspinatus. The overactive and shortened muscles participating in Forward head posture and Rounded shoulders are Deep upper cervical extensors which include longissimus capitis, Splenius Capitis, Cervical Multifidus, Upper Trapezius and Shoulder protractors and elevators which include Pectoralis minor, Pectoralis major and Levator Scapula. Previous researches suggests that weakened postural muscles should be strengthened and shortened muscles should be lengthened in order to improve postural alignment and alleviate Forward head posture and restoring the normal muscle balance between opposing muscle groups (agonists and antagonists). The majority of treatments have focused on the deep neck flexors, as they play a major role in stabilizing the alignment of the cervical spine. Exercise improved the forward head and Rounded Shoulder significantly.

The selection of 50º as a reference angle for forward head posture was guided by previous studies, with the latter reporting 55.02 ± 2.86 as a normal range. As is well known, subjects with forward head posture have a significantly smaller cervical angle when compared with normal subjects. In the present study, the investigators considered 52º as the reference angle based on a previous study which evaluated 310 participants in a standing position and reported 2.6º±15.3 as a normal range, and Brink et al, who evaluated 15 to 17 year-olds and reported a mean shoulder angle value of 51.35º ± 17.2º, and based on the premise that subjects with protracted shoulder have a significantly smaller shoulder angle when compared with normal subjects. Individual will be considered to have rounded shoulder if the angle will be less than 52º.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Forward Head Posture
Intervention  ICMJE Other: Exercise
Different type of exercises for treatment of Forward Head Posture
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Strengthening exercise treatment
    This exercise targets the deep flexor muscles of the upper cervical region the longus capitis and longus colli muscles.
    Intervention: Other: Exercise
  • Active Comparator: Stretching exercise treatment
    The subject's forearm is stabilized by a vertical plane before the trunk is rotated in the opposite direction. Therefore the arm on the involved side is externally rotated and abducted to 90.
    Intervention: Other: Exercise
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 2, 2020)
Original Actual Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE March 1, 2020
Actual Primary Completion Date February 20, 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Individuals having Craniovertebral Angle (CVA) less than 50 degree
  2. Individuals having Shoulder Angle (SA) less than 52 degree.
  3. Those who had not under any regular exercise for last 6 months
  4. Those who use a smart phone or computer for at least 4 hours or more per day on average.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Individuals will be excluded if they had visual deficits, diagnosed balance disorders, musculoskeletal pathologies (e.g. history of shoulder surgery, cervical or thoracic fracture, Osteosarcoma, Myeloma), non-ambulatory, displayed functional or structural scoliosis, or had excessive thoracic kyphosis.
  2. Individuals having symptoms of Vertebral Artery Insufficiency.
  3. Individuals not willing to participate or to follow up treatment plan.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 22 Years to 40 Years   (Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE Yes
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Pakistan
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT04216862
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE RiphahIU Tehmina Irfan
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Current Responsible Party Riphah International University
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE Riphah International University
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Danish Hassan, PhD* Riphah International University
PRS Account Riphah International University
Verification Date October 2020

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP