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Effects of High Intensity Interval Training on Cognitive Flexibility Among Female Teenagers

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT05873478
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 24, 2023
Last Update Posted : August 25, 2023
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Waqar Ahmed Awan, Riphah International University

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE February 9, 2023
First Posted Date  ICMJE May 24, 2023
Last Update Posted Date August 25, 2023
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE February 6, 2023
Actual Primary Completion Date July 30, 2023   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 15, 2023)
  • Digit Span (DGS) [ Time Frame: Baseline to 8 weeks ]
    Cognitive Flexibilty was assessed by Digit Span (DGS), is a measure of verbal short-term and working memory that can be used in two formats, Forward Digit Span and Reverse Digit Span. This is a verbal task, with stimuli presented auditory, and responses spoken by the participant and scored accordingly
  • Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) [ Time Frame: Baseline to 8 weeks ]
    The MMSE is a brief screening tool that provides a quantitative assessment of cognitive impairment and records cognitive changes over time (23). The maximum score for the MMSE is 30. A score of 25 or higher is classed as normal. If the score is below 24, the result is usually considered to be abnormal, indicating possible cognitive impairment.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Effects of High Intensity Interval Training on Cognitive Flexibility Among Female Teenagers
Official Title  ICMJE Effects Of High Intensity Interval Training on Cognitve Flexibility Among Female Teenagers
Brief Summary The study suggests that the high intensity exercise training program is beneficial for the female teenagers to enhance their cognitive abilities along with the physical strengthening. It also helps the teenagers to increase their mental health for better health and memory.
Detailed Description

The objective of the present study was to determine the effects of high-intensity interval training on cognitive flexibility among female teenagers. The current study suggests that the high intensity physical training improves the cognitive ability of the participants. Evidence indicates that regular physical activity and high intensity interval training improves the physical strengthening and corresponding improvements in cardiopulmonary physical fitness that results in the increase in cerebral perfusion and vasoreactivity across the human lifespan. The betterment in the cerebral perfusion leads to better cognitive ability and mental health.

The physical activity program comprises 8 weeks consisting of Low-intensity interval training in the first week to high-intensity interval training in the 8th week. Participants of the two groups i.e., experimental and control groups were assessed at baseline fourth and eighth week by Digital Span and Mini mental state examination.

The current study from the statistical analysis suggests that better results are obtained by high intensity physical activity among the female teenagers overtime both in terms of cognitive ability and physical strength.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Masking Description:
one group is taking intervention and other is control group
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Cognitive Flexibility Among Female Teenagers
Intervention  ICMJE Other: High Intensity Interval Training
The HIIT sessions ranging from 4-12 minutes in duration for 8 weeks in which three sessions will be conducted each week (weeks 1-3: 4 minutes; weeks 4-6: 8 minutes; weeks 7-8: 12 minutes respectively), with a work to rest ratio of 30sec: 10sec, as mention in table 1. Experimental group/HIT group engaged in their HIIT sessions (inclusive of a short warm-up activity including dynamic exercises i.e., walking/running, 8-10 minutes of HIIT and cool down which include static exercises i.e., shoulder and hip muscle stretches). Session duration and intensity are increased with weekly progression in intervention groups. The high resistance training sessions was be delivered by the researcher to HIT group
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Experimental (High Intensity Interval Training)
    High Intensity Interval Training for 8 weeks, which include lunges, squatting sprinting and other exercises.
    Intervention: Other: High Intensity Interval Training
  • No Intervention: Control (No Intervention)
    Control Group received no intervention they all will be engaged in normal daily routines.
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 15, 2023)
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE August 15, 2023
Actual Primary Completion Date July 30, 2023   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants falling in this category would be recruited into the study.

    • Female gender only
    • Age 13-19 years of female teenagers
    • Absence of serious medical or mental illness
    • volunteered to participate in this study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants failing to fall in this category would be excluded from the study. Diagnosed Psychiatric illness Acute or Chronic Pain and Infections Known case of bone fragility Unstable cardiovascular disease Severe cognitive, visual, or auditory impairment
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female
Gender Based Eligibility: Yes
Gender Eligibility Description: Female Teenagers
Ages  ICMJE 13 Years to 19 Years   (Child, Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE Yes
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Pakistan
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT05873478
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 01497
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Current Responsible Party Waqar Ahmed Awan, Riphah International University
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE Riphah International University
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Waqar Ahmed Awan, PhD Faculty of Rehabilitation & Allied Health Sciences, Riphah International University
PRS Account Riphah International University
Verification Date August 2023

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP