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CARPALL: Immunotherapy With CD19/22 CAR T-cells for CD19+ Haematological Malignancies

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02443831
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : May 14, 2015
Last Update Posted : May 30, 2024
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University College, London

Brief Summary:
This study aims to evaluate the safety, efficacy and duration of response of CD19/22 Chimeric Antigen Receptor (CAR) redirected autologous T-cells in children with high risk, relapsed CD19+ and/ or CD22+ haematological malignancies.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Burkitt Lymphoma Procedure: Leukapheresis Drug: Lymphodepletion with fludarabine Drug: Lymphodepletion with cyclophosphamide Biological: CD19/22 CAR T-cells Phase 1

Detailed Description:
This is a multi-centre, non-randomised, open label Phase I clinical trial of an Advanced Therapy Investigational Medicinal Product named CD19/22 Chimeric Antigen Receptor (CAR) T-cells (CD19/22 CAR T-cells) in children and young adults (age <24 years) with high risk, relapsed CD19+ and/or CD1922+ haematological malignancies (Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia and Burkitt's lymphoma). Following informed consent and registration to the trial, patients will undergo an unstimulated leukapheresis for the generation of the CD19/22 CAR T-cells. Patients will receive the CD19/22CAR T-cells following lymphodepleting chemotherapy. The study will evaluate the safety, efficacy and duration of response of the CD19/22 CAR T-cells in children with high risk relapsed CD19+ and or CD22+ malignancies.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 38 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Immunotherapy With CD19/22 CAR Redirected T-cells for High Risk, Relapsed Paediatric CD19+ and/or CD22+ Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia and Other Haematological Malignancies
Actual Study Start Date : April 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2028
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2036

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: CD19/22 CAR T-cells
Patients meeting the eligibility criteria will have leukapheresis to isolate the blood immune cells used to manufacture the CD19/22CAR T-cells. Patients will receive lymphodepletion with fludarabine and cyclophosphamide prior to infusion of the CD19/22CAR T-cells.
Procedure: Leukapheresis
Patients will undergo an unstimulated leukapheresis to isolate the required immune cells to produce the CD19/22 CAR T-cells

Drug: Lymphodepletion with fludarabine
Patients will receive lymphodepleting chemotherapy with iv fludarabine 30 mg/m2 on days -7 to -3 prior to CD19/22CAR T-cell infusion.

Drug: Lymphodepletion with cyclophosphamide
Patients will receive lymphodepleting chemotherapy with iv cyclophosphamide 0.5 g/m2 on days -4 to -2 prior to CD19/22CAR T-cell infusion.

Biological: CD19/22 CAR T-cells
A single dose of 1 x 10^6/kg CD19/22CAR transduced T-cells will be given as an intravenous injection through a Hickman line or PICC line(peripherally inserted central catheter) on day 0.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Toxicity evaluation following CD19/22CAR T-cell infusion [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    The incidence of grade 3-5 toxicity occurring within 60 days of CD19/22CAR T-cell infusion. In particular, the incidence of Severe Cytokine Release Syndrome and Grade 3-5 neurotoxicity occurring within 30 days of CD19/22CAR T-cell infusion.

  2. Molecular remission [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Efficacy will be assessed by determining Minimal Residual Disease in the bone marrow aspirate using immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and/or Next Generation Sequencing in all patients. The proportion of patients achieving molecular remission at 1 month post CD19/22CAR T-cell infusion will be determined.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Long term molecular remission [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Number of patients in molecular remission without further therapy at 2 years

  2. Frequency of circulating CD19/22 CAR T-cells [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Persistence and frequency of circulating CD19/22CAR T-cells in the peripheral blood by flow cytometry and qPCR analyses.

  3. Incidence of hypogammaglobulinaemia [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Incidence and duration of hypogammaglobulinaemia

  4. Relapse rate [ Time Frame: 10 years ]
    Relapse rate monitored during interventional phase and long term follow up for a total of10 years post cell infusion. Number of patients who relapsed can be summarized as a percentage or rate(for all patients registered to the trial, and also only for those who received the cell infusion).

  5. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 10 years ]
    Overall survival is monitored during interventional phase and long term follow up for 10 years post-CD19/22 CAR T-cell infusion. Number of patients alive can be summarized as a percentage (for all patients registered to the trial, and also only for those who received the cell infusion).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 24 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Children and young adults (age 24 years or younger) with high risk/relapsed CD19+ and / or CD22+ haematological malignancy:

    A) Resistant disease (>5% blasts) at end of UKALL 2019 guidelines or equivalent induction B) ALL with persisting high level MRD at 2nd time point of frontline national protocol (currently MRD >10-4 at week 14 UKALL2019 guidelines or equivalent).

    C) High risk infant ALL (age < 6 months at diagnosis with MLL gene rearrangement and either presenting white cell count > 300 x 109/L or poor steroid early response (i.e. circulating blast count >1x109/L following 7 day steroid pre-phase of induction as per national guidelines or equivalent) D) Intermediate risk infant ALL with MRD > 10-3 at end of induction following national guidelines or equivalent) E) High risk 1st relapse (as defined by updated IntreALL 2019 classification: bone marrow or combined relapse within 30 months of diagnosis OR any relapse within 18 months of diagnosis) F) Standard risk relapse in patients with high risk cytogenetics (defined as BCR-ABL, KMT2A rearrangement, near-haploidy (<30 chromosomes) and low hypodiploidy (30-39 chromosomes), iAMP21 and TCF3-HLF translocations).

    G) Standard risk relapse with bone marrow minimal residual disease (MRD) > 10-3 at end of re-induction H) Any on therapy relapse in patients age 16-24 I) Any relapse of infant ALL J) ALL post ≥ 2nd relapse K) Any refractory relapse of ALL (defined as > 1% blasts by flow cytometry after a at least 1 cycle of standard chemotherapy) L) ALL with MRD >10-4 prior to planned stem cell transplant M) Any relapse of ALL eligible for stem cell transplant but no available HLA matched donor or other contraindication to transplant N) Any relapse of ALL after stem cell transplant O) Any relapse of Burkitt's or other CD19+ and/or CD22+lymphoma Note patients with isolated CNS relapse meeting one or more of the criteria above are eligible for the study

  2. Agreement to have a pregnancy test, use adequate contraception (if applicable)
  3. Written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Exclusion Criteria for registration:

    1. Active Hepatitis B, C or HIV infection
    2. Oxygen saturation ≤ 90% on air
    3. Bilirubin > 3 x upper limit of normal
    4. Creatinine > 3 x upper limit of normal
    5. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding
    6. Stem Cell Transplant patients only: active significant (overall Grade ≥ II, Seattle criteria) acute GVHD or moderate/ severe chronic GVHD (NIH consensus criteria) requiring systemic steroids.
    7. Inability to tolerate leucapheresis
    8. Karnofsky (age ≥ 10 years) or Lansky (age < 10) score ≤ 50%
    9. Pre-existing significant neurological disorder (other than CNS involvement of underlying haematological malignancy)

Exclusion criteria for CD19/22CAR T-cell infusion:

  1. Severe intercurrent infection at the time of scheduled CD19/22 CAR T-cell infusion
  2. Requirement for supplementary oxygen or active pulmonary infiltrates at the time of scheduled CD19/22 CAR T-cell infusion
  3. Allogeneic transplant recipients with active significant acute GVHD overall grade ≥II or moderate/severe chronic GVHD requiring systemic steroids at the time of scheduled CD19/22 CAR T-cell infusion. Note: Such patients will be excluded until the patient is GVHD free and off steroids

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02443831

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United Kingdom
Great Ormond Street Hospital
London, United Kingdom
University College Hospital
London, United Kingdom
Manchester Royal Children's Hospital
Manchester, United Kingdom
Sponsors and Collaborators
University College, London
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Study Chair: Persis Amrolia UCL Institute of Child Health
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: University College, London Identifier: NCT02443831    
Other Study ID Numbers: UCL 14/0529
First Posted: May 14, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 30, 2024
Last Verified: May 2024

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by University College, London:
high risk relapsed CD19+ and/or CD22+ hematological malignancies
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Burkitt Lymphoma
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Hematologic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hematologic Diseases
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Epstein-Barr Virus Infections
Herpesviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Tumor Virus Infections
Lymphoma, B-Cell
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Neoplasms by Site
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents