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Effects of High Intensity Interval Training on Cognitive Flexibility Among Female Teenagers

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT05873478
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 24, 2023
Last Update Posted : August 25, 2023
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Waqar Ahmed Awan, Riphah International University

Brief Summary:
The study suggests that the high intensity exercise training program is beneficial for the female teenagers to enhance their cognitive abilities along with the physical strengthening. It also helps the teenagers to increase their mental health for better health and memory.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cognitive Flexibility Among Female Teenagers Other: High Intensity Interval Training Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The objective of the present study was to determine the effects of high-intensity interval training on cognitive flexibility among female teenagers. The current study suggests that the high intensity physical training improves the cognitive ability of the participants. Evidence indicates that regular physical activity and high intensity interval training improves the physical strengthening and corresponding improvements in cardiopulmonary physical fitness that results in the increase in cerebral perfusion and vasoreactivity across the human lifespan. The betterment in the cerebral perfusion leads to better cognitive ability and mental health.

The physical activity program comprises 8 weeks consisting of Low-intensity interval training in the first week to high-intensity interval training in the 8th week. Participants of the two groups i.e., experimental and control groups were assessed at baseline fourth and eighth week by Digital Span and Mini mental state examination.

The current study from the statistical analysis suggests that better results are obtained by high intensity physical activity among the female teenagers overtime both in terms of cognitive ability and physical strength.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 40 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Masking Description: one group is taking intervention and other is control group
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effects Of High Intensity Interval Training on Cognitve Flexibility Among Female Teenagers
Actual Study Start Date : February 6, 2023
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 30, 2023
Actual Study Completion Date : August 15, 2023

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Experimental (High Intensity Interval Training)
High Intensity Interval Training for 8 weeks, which include lunges, squatting sprinting and other exercises.
Other: High Intensity Interval Training
The HIIT sessions ranging from 4-12 minutes in duration for 8 weeks in which three sessions will be conducted each week (weeks 1-3: 4 minutes; weeks 4-6: 8 minutes; weeks 7-8: 12 minutes respectively), with a work to rest ratio of 30sec: 10sec, as mention in table 1. Experimental group/HIT group engaged in their HIIT sessions (inclusive of a short warm-up activity including dynamic exercises i.e., walking/running, 8-10 minutes of HIIT and cool down which include static exercises i.e., shoulder and hip muscle stretches). Session duration and intensity are increased with weekly progression in intervention groups. The high resistance training sessions was be delivered by the researcher to HIT group

No Intervention: Control (No Intervention)
Control Group received no intervention they all will be engaged in normal daily routines.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Digit Span (DGS) [ Time Frame: Baseline to 8 weeks ]
    Cognitive Flexibilty was assessed by Digit Span (DGS), is a measure of verbal short-term and working memory that can be used in two formats, Forward Digit Span and Reverse Digit Span. This is a verbal task, with stimuli presented auditory, and responses spoken by the participant and scored accordingly

  2. Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) [ Time Frame: Baseline to 8 weeks ]
    The MMSE is a brief screening tool that provides a quantitative assessment of cognitive impairment and records cognitive changes over time (23). The maximum score for the MMSE is 30. A score of 25 or higher is classed as normal. If the score is below 24, the result is usually considered to be abnormal, indicating possible cognitive impairment.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   13 Years to 19 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Gender Based Eligibility:   Yes
Gender Eligibility Description:   Female Teenagers
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants falling in this category would be recruited into the study.

    • Female gender only
    • Age 13-19 years of female teenagers
    • Absence of serious medical or mental illness
    • volunteered to participate in this study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants failing to fall in this category would be excluded from the study. Diagnosed Psychiatric illness Acute or Chronic Pain and Infections Known case of bone fragility Unstable cardiovascular disease Severe cognitive, visual, or auditory impairment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT05873478

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Sukkur, Sindh, Pakistan, 65200
Sponsors and Collaborators
Riphah International University
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Principal Investigator: Waqar Ahmed Awan, PhD Faculty of Rehabilitation & Allied Health Sciences, Riphah International University
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Responsible Party: Waqar Ahmed Awan, Professor, Riphah International University Identifier: NCT05873478    
Other Study ID Numbers: 01497
First Posted: May 24, 2023    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 25, 2023
Last Verified: August 2023
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Waqar Ahmed Awan, Riphah International University:
Cognitive Flexibility
High Intensity Interval Training
High Intensity Exercises
Digital Span Test
Mini Mental State Examination