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Pregnancy Outcome and Safety of Interrupting Therapy for Women With Endocrine Responsive Breast Cancer (POSITIVE)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02308085
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : December 4, 2014
Last Update Posted : April 23, 2024
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
Canadian Cancer Trials Group
Breast International Group
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
ETOP IBCSG Partners Foundation

Brief Summary:
The best available evidence suggests that pregnancy after breast cancer does not increase a woman's risk of developing a recurrence from her breast cancer. In particular, the most recent data suggest that this is the case also in women with a hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. There is also no indication of increased risk for delivery complications or for the newborn. The aim of the study is to investigate if temporary interruption of endocrine therapy, with the goal to permit pregnancy, is associated with a higher risk of breast cancer recurrence.The study aims also to evaluate different specific indicators related to fertility, pregnancy and breast cancer biology in young women. A psycho-oncological companion study on fertility concerns, psychological well-being and decisional conflicts will be conducted in interested Centers.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Early Breast Cancer Other: Endocrine therapy interruption Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Recent decades have witnessed a delay in childbearing for a variety of reasons including cultural, educational, and professional. As a consequence, breast cancer in young women often occurs before the completion of reproductive plans. Infertility has a significant impact on quality of life, resulting in substantial distress in younger women with breast cancer and influencing treatment decisions in a consistent proportion of patients.The best available evidence suggests that pregnancy after breast cancer does not increase a woman's risk of developing a recurrence.For women desiring pregnancy after a breast cancer, 5-10 years of endocrine therapy may substantially reduce the chance of conception; however, a shorter duration of endocrine therapy in this population has not been studied in a prospective manner.

Birth outcome after breast cancer has not been shown to be different from that of the normal population, but increased risks of delivery complications, cesarean section, preterm birth and low birth weight have been reported.

Endocrine agents are potentially teratogenic: taking into account their median half-life, waiting 3 months after their interruption before attempting conception is considered safe.

The limited evidence available on breastfeeding after breast cancer reports successful lactation from the treated breast in approximately 30% of women without detrimental effect on survival. No prospective definitive data are available.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 518 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Study Evaluating the Pregnancy Outcomes and Safety of Interrupting Endocrine Therapy for Young Women With Endocrine Responsive Breast Cancer Who Desire Pregnancy
Actual Study Start Date : December 4, 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2028

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Endocrine therapy interruption
Endocrine therapy interruption after having completed between ≥ 18 months and ≤ 30 months.
Other: Endocrine therapy interruption

3 months wash-out between treatment interruption and pregnancy attempt. Up to 2 years interruption to allow pregnancy, delivery, breastfeeding or failure to conceive.

Endocrine therapy resumption. Completion of full duration of endocrine therapy according to individual risk, institutional policy or patient's preference.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Breast Cancer free interval (BCFI) [ Time Frame: From enrollment until the first invasive BC event, assessed up to 14 years ]
    Kaplan-Meier Analysis

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Information on Menstruation recovery and pattern [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months after enrollment ]
    Menstrual diary

  2. Pregnancy rate (determined by pregnancy test) [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months after enrollment ]
    Pregnancy test

  3. Pregnancy outcome [ Time Frame: Up to 33 months after enrollment ]
    Labor and delivery Information, full term pregnancy, caesarean section, abortion, miscarriage, ectopic, stillbirth rates.

  4. Offspring outcome [ Time Frame: Up to 33 months after enrollment ]
    Collect information on preterm birth, low birth weight, births defects rates.

  5. Breastfeeding pattern [ Time Frame: Up to 36 months after enrollment ]
    Analysis of pattern e.g Duration, use of ipsilateral breast if previous breast conservation, side exclusivity

  6. Use of assisted reproductive Technology (ART) [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months after enrollment ]
    ART use will be tabulated

  7. Distant recurrence-free interval (DRFI) [ Time Frame: Time from enrollment in the study to the first breast cancer recurrence in a distant site, assessed up to 14 years ]
    Kaplan-Meier Analysis

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 42 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ≥ 18 and ≤ 42 years at enrollment.
  • Has received adjuvant endocrine therapy (SERM alone, GnRH analogue plus SERM or AI) for ≥18 months but ≤30 months for early breast cancer.

Note: Patients who have received neo/adjuvant endocrine treatment within a clinical trial and patients who have received pharmaco-prevention are eligible.

  • The adjuvant endocrine therapy must have stopped within 1 month prior to enrollment.
  • Patient wishes to become pregnant. Note: Patients who have undergone oocyte/embryo/ovarian tissue cryopreservation at breast cancer diagnosis and/or have a previous history of assisted reproductive technology (ART) are eligible.
  • Breast cancer for which patient is receiving endocrine therapy must have been histologically-proven stage I-III, endocrine-responsive (i.e., estrogen and/or progesterone receptor positive, according to local definition of positive, determined using immunohistochemistry (IHC)), and treated with curative intent.


  • Patients with synchronous bilateral invasive breast cancer (diagnosed histologically within 2 months) are eligible.
  • Patient with invasive breast cancer or synchronous bilateral invasive breast cancer (diagnosed histologically within 2 months) during pregnancy are eligible.
  • Patients with BRCA1/2 mutations are eligible.
  • Patients could have received neo/adjuvant chemotherapy, or other systemic therapy (e.g., neo/adjuvant HER2-targeted therapy) according to institutional policy and patient's desire.
  • Patient must be premenopausal at breast cancer diagnosis, as determined locally and documented in patient record.
  • Patient must be without clinical evidence of loco-regional and distant disease, as evaluated according to institutional assessment standards and documented in the patient record.
  • Written informed consent (IC) for trial participation must be signed and dated by the patient and the investigator prior to enrollment.
  • Written consent to biological material submission, indicating the patient has been informed of and agrees to tissue and blood material use, transfer and handling, must be signed and dated by the patient and the investigator prior to any procedures specific for this trial.
  • The patient has been informed of and agrees to data transfer and handling, in accordance with national data protection guidelines.
  • Patient must be accessible for follow-up.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Post-menopausal patients at BC diagnosis, as determined locally.
  • History of hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy or ovarian irradiation.
  • Patients with current local, loco-regional relapse and/or distant metastatic breast cancer.
  • Patients with a history of prior (ipsi- and/or contralateral) invasive BC.
  • Patients with previous or concomitant non-breast invasive malignancy.
  • Exceptions are limited exclusively to patients with the following previous malignancies, if adequately treated: basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, in situ non-breast carcinoma, contra- or ipsilateral in situ breast carcinoma, stage Ia carcinoma of the cervix.
  • Concurrent disease or condition that would make the patient inappropriate for study participation or any serious medical disorder that would interfere with the patient's safety.
  • Patients with a history of noncompliance to medical treatments and/or considered potentially unreliable.
  • Patients with psychiatric, addictive, or any disorder that would prevent compliance with protocol requirements.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02308085

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Sponsors and Collaborators
ETOP IBCSG Partners Foundation
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
Canadian Cancer Trials Group
Breast International Group
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Study Chair: Olivia Pagani, MD Oncology Institue of Southern Switzerland (IOSI)
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: ETOP IBCSG Partners Foundation Identifier: NCT02308085    
Other Study ID Numbers: IBCSG 48-14 / BIG 8-13
Alliance A221405 ( Other Identifier: Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology )
NCIC CTG MAC.18 ( Other Identifier: NCIC Clinical Trials Group )
First Posted: December 4, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 23, 2024
Last Verified: April 2024
Keywords provided by ETOP IBCSG Partners Foundation:
endocrine responsive
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases