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Adjunctive Effects of Psilocybin and a Formulation of Buprenorphine

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04161066
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 13, 2019
Last Update Posted : December 27, 2023
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Heffter Research Institute
Etheridge Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Wisconsin, Madison

Brief Summary:

Primary Aim: In participants with OUD, to characterize adverse events associated with adding two psilocybin doses to a stable buprenorphine-naloxone formulation.

Secondary Aim: To evaluate the effect of psilocybin treatment on the effectiveness of a buprenorphine-naloxone maintenance therapy.

Secondary Aim: To evaluate the effect of concurrent buprenorphine-naloxone use on the effects of psilocybin therapy.

Descriptive Aim: To describe any changes in self-efficacy, quality of life, pain.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Opioid Use Disorder Drug: Psilocybin with facilitated counseling Phase 1

Detailed Description:

The primary objective of this clinical trial is to determine the safety of psilocybin in adult patients with opioid use disorder concurrently taking buprenorphine-naloxone.

Eligible participants will be adults with active opioid use disorder (OUD) who are willing to begin and maintain a daily dose of buprenorphine-naloxone throughout study participation. Initiation, stabilization, and maintenance of buprenorphine-naloxone will be overseen by a qualified study medical provider. After psychological screening and at least 6 hours of preparatory counseling and preparation for the psilocybin dosing, set, and setting, each participant will ingest 1 oral dose of psilocybin. All dosing sessions will be attended by 2 specially trained facilitators, in a dedicated Clinical Research Facility. After eight hours of observation in the dosing room, the participant will be kept overnight in the hospital Clinical Research Unit, and complete an integration session with a psychologist before discharge to home. Approximately 4 weeks after the first dose, the participant will receive a second oral dose of psilocybin, with the same length of observation.

Participants who have been administered the first dose but decline to receive the second dose will remain evaluable. At study termination, their active study participation will end, but completion of the 28 day post-dose follow up will be requested.

The primary endpoint is the assessment of the safety of concurrent administration of a buprenorphine-naloxone formulation and psilocybin as determined by physiological measures (ECG, respiratory rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and blood oxygen saturation) and validated clinical and self-report measures (Clinical Opiate Withdrawal Scale (COWS), Opioid Craving Scale (OCS), Timeline Follow-Back (TLFB)).

If you are interested in participating in this study, please fill out a brief 1-minute survey at the link in the "More Information" section at the bottom of this record.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 10 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: open-label pilot study
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: Phase I Study of the Safety and Adjunctive Effects of Psilocybin in Adults With Opioid Use Disorder Maintained on a Buprenorphine/Naloxone Formulation
Actual Study Start Date : January 13, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2024

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Open-label
Psilocybin with facilitated counseling: Psilocybin will be administered in the form of capsules, taken orally with water. Each participant will receive 2 doses, approximately 4 weeks apart.
Drug: Psilocybin with facilitated counseling
open-label pilot study




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety Measured by Incidence and Severity of Adverse Events 24 hrs post-dose [ Time Frame: approximately Week 1 ]
    In participants with OUD, the safety of this intervention will be assessed by characterize adverse events associated with adding two psilocybin doses to a stable buprenorphine regimen.

  2. Safety Measured by Incidence and Severity of Adverse Events 24 hrs post-dose [ Time Frame: approximately Week 5 ]
    In participants with OUD, the safety of this intervention will be assessed by characterizing adverse events associated with adding two psilocybin doses to a stable buprenorphine-naloxone regimen.

  3. Mean Change in Symptoms of Opioid Withdrawal Measured by COWS Instrument [ Time Frame: up to 5 weeks ]
    It is hypothesized that co-administration of oral psilocybin with a buprenorphine-naloxone formulation will not cause signs and symptoms of opioid withdrawal. This will be measured by the Clinical Opiate Withdrawal Scale (COWS) instrument, an 11-item scale administered by the clinician where total score of: 5- 12 = mild withdrawal; 13-24 = moderate withdrawal; 25-36 = moderately severe withdrawal; and more than 36 = severe withdrawal. Administered before the dose and again 8 hours after the dose.

  4. Mean Change in Peripheral Capillary Oxygen [ Time Frame: up to 5 weeks ]
    It is hypothesized that co-administration of oral psilocybin with a buprenorphine-naloxone formulation will not cause opioid intoxication. Opioid intoxication will be determined by drops peripheral capillary oxygen saturation (SpO2) before and after dosing.

  5. Mean Change in ECG [ Time Frame: up to 5 weeks ]
    It is hypothesized that co-administration of oral psilocybin with a buprenorphine-naloxone formulation will not cause a clinically significant increase in the QTc interval. The QTc interval will be measured by electrocardiogram (ECG) before and after dosing. If a QTc(F), calculated by the CardioCard system exceeds 470msec, a study physician will be contacted immediately for further monitoring and treatment recommendations.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Opioid Craving Scale (OCS) from baseline through end of study [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 1, Week 5, and Week 9 ]
    To evaluate the effect of psilocybin treatment on the effectiveness of buprenorphine-naloxone maintenance therapy. The hypothesis is that co-administration of oral psilocybin with a buprenorphine-naloxone formulation will not cause an increase in opioid craving, as measured by the OCS at baseline, week 1, week 5, and week 9. The OCS is a 3-item visual analog scale to measure the frequency and intensity of opioid craving. Total score ranges from 0-30 where the higher the number, the higher the craving.

  2. Mean Number of Days of Participant Opioid Use via Time Line Follow Back (TLFB) [ Time Frame: up to 9 weeks ]
    It is hypothesized that co-administration of oral psilocybin with a buprenorphine-naloxone formulation will not be associated with an increase in self-reported illicit opioid use. This will be measured by Time Line Follow-Back calendar method for up to the 28 days following the last dosing session. Participants will be asked to recall the previous 28 days of substance use at the first in-person visit.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Aged 21 to 65 years
  • Able to read, speak, and understand spoken and written English
  • Diagnosis of moderate or severe opioid use disorder (OUD)
  • Current opioid misuse, with misuse occurring on at least 10 of the last 30 days. Misuse will be defined as either:

    1. Use of illicit opioids, such as heroin or non-prescribed fentanyl; or use of an outpatient prescription opioid (such as oxycodone, morphine, or hydrocodone) through a route other than FDA approved (e.g. nasal, injected), and/or
    2. Use of a prescription opioid via a route (e.g. nasal, injected, chewed) or for a purpose (e.g. intoxication, anxiety relief) other than that for which it was prescribed.
  • Able to achieve stable daily dose of a buprenorphine-naloxone formulation that controls opioid withdrawal symptoms
  • Persons of childbearing potential must agree to practice an effective means of contraception throughout their participation in the study, beginning at screening and throughout follow-up
  • Ability and willingness to adhere to study requirements, including attending all study visits, preparatory and follow-up sessions, and evaluations
  • Healthy kidney function
  • Able to provide contact information for a local support person. This person must be available during both 24-hour treatment and observation periods, and willing to provide the participant social/emotional support the day after each treatment and as needed during the dosing day and/or overnight observation period.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Currently prescribed and has taken buprenorphine or buprenorphine formulation (e.g., Suboxone®) for over four weeks immediately prior to initial study contact
  • Currently receiving pharmacotherapy of any duration with methadone
  • Current participation in a drug treatment court program or other legal supervision. Individuals who are under legal supervision will be advised that participating in this study could potentially violate terms of probation, parole, or extended supervision. Contact information for the individual's community supervision officer must be collected to confirm whether study participation may impact the potential participant's status on probation or parole
  • Inadequately treated hypertension
  • Current acute coronary syndrome or angina
  • Evidence of ischemic disease, cardiac conduction defects, and/or ventricular arrhythmias on screening ECG
  • History of heart transplant
  • Current insulin dependence, due to Type I or Type II diabetes
  • Urine drug test containing non-prescribed drugs of abuse
  • Any finding(s), based on the screening process, that the PI feels makes the study unsuitable for the participant

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04161066


Contacts
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Contact: David Horton, MS 608-444-2397 protea.research@mailplus.wisc.edu

Locations
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United States, Wisconsin
University of Wisconsin Recruiting
Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53705
Contact: David Horton, MS    608-444-2397    protea.research@mailplus.wisc.edu   
Principal Investigator: Randall Brown, MD PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Heffter Research Institute
Etheridge Foundation
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Randall Brown, MD PhD University of Wisconsin, Madison
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: University of Wisconsin, Madison
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04161066    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2019-0187
A532007 ( Other Identifier: UW Madison )
SMPH/FAMILY MEDICINE ( Other Identifier: UW Madison )
Protocol Version 9/22/2023 ( Other Identifier: UW Madison )
First Posted: November 13, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 27, 2023
Last Verified: July 2023
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: No individual participant data sharing is planned

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by University of Wisconsin, Madison:
Psilocybin
Buprenorphine
Naloxone
Buprenorphine-Naloxone
Psilocybin-Assisted Therapy
Opioid
Substance Use Disorder
Psychedelic
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Opioid-Related Disorders
Narcotic-Related Disorders
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders
Psilocybin
Hallucinogens
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Psychotropic Drugs