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EMPACT-MI: A Study to Test Whether Empagliflozin Can Lower the Risk of Heart Failure and Death in People Who Had a Heart Attack (Myocardial Infarction)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT04509674
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 12, 2020
Last Update Posted : November 14, 2023
Eli Lilly and Company
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Boehringer Ingelheim

Brief Summary:

This is a study in adults who had a heart attack (myocardial infarction). The purpose of this study is to find out whether a medicine called empagliflozin helps to lower the chances of having to go to the hospital for heart failure and whether it lowers the chances of dying from cardiovascular disease.

People who are in hospital may join the study soon after being treated for their heart attack. Participants are put into 2 groups by chance. One group takes 1 empagliflozin tablet a day. The other group takes 1 placebo tablet a day. Placebo tablets look like empagliflozin tablets but do not contain any medicine. All participants continue their standard treatment. Empagliflozin belongs to a class of medicines known as SGLT-2 inhibitors. Empagliflozin is a medicine that helps people with type 2 diabetes to lower their blood sugar. Researchers think that empagliflozin might also help people after heart attack who are at risk for heart failure, whether or not they have diabetes.

Participants are in the study for about 1 to 2 years. During this time, there are about 4 visits inperson, 2 visits are done either by phone or by use of an mobile application. Results between the empagliflozin and placebo groups are compared. The doctors also regularly check the general health of the participants.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Myocardial Infarction Drug: Empagliflozin Drug: Placebo Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 6522 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Blinded investigator review of events in place of centralized adjudication.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: EMPACT-MI: A Streamlined, Multicentre, Randomised, Parallel Group, Double-blind Placebo-controlled Superiority Trial to Evaluate the Effect of EMPAgliflozin on Hospitalisation for Heart Failure and Mortality in Patients With aCuTe Myocardial Infarction
Actual Study Start Date : December 16, 2020
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 5, 2023
Actual Study Completion Date : November 5, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Empagliflozin Drug: Empagliflozin

Placebo Comparator: Placebo Drug: Placebo

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Composite of time to first heart failure hospitalisation or all-cause mortality [ Time Frame: up to 26 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Total number of HHF or all-cause mortality [ Time Frame: up to 26 months ]
  2. Total number of non-elective Cardiovascular (CV) hospitalisations or all-cause mortality [ Time Frame: up to 26 months ]
  3. Total number of non-elective all-cause hospitalisations or all-cause mortality [ Time Frame: up to 26 months ]
  4. Total number of hospitalisations for MI or all-cause mortality [ Time Frame: up to 26 months ]
  5. Time to CV mortality [ Time Frame: up to 26 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Of full age of consent (according to local legislation, at least ≥ 18 years) at screening.
  2. Signed and dated written informed consent in accordance with ICH-GCP and local legislation prior to admission to the trial.
  3. Male or female patients. Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must be ready and able to use highly effective methods of birth control per ICH M3 (R2) that result in a low failure rate of less than 1% per year when used consistently and correctly. A list of contraception methods meeting these criteria is provided in the patient information.
  4. Diagnosis of spontaneous Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI): ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) or Non-ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction (NSTEMI) with randomisation to occur no later than 14 calendar days after hospital admission. For patients with an in-hospital Myocardial Infarction (MI) as qualifying event, randomization must still occur within 14 days of hospital admission.
  5. High risk of HF, defined as EITHER

    1. Symptoms (e.g. dyspnea; decreased exercise tolerance; fatigue), or signs of congestion (e.g. pulmonary rales, crackles or crepitations; elevated jugular venous pressure; congestion on chest X-ray), that require treatment (e.g. augmentation or initiation of oral diuretic therapy; i.v. diuretic therapy; i.v. vasoactive agent; mechanical intervention etc.) at any time during the hospitalization.


    2. Newly developed Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (LVEF) < 45% as measured by echocardiography, ventriculography, cardiac Computer Tomography (CT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) or radionuclide imaging during index hospitalisation.
  6. In addition at least one of the following risk factors:

    • Age > 65 years,
    • Newly developed LVEF < 35%,
    • Prior MI (before index MI) documented in medical records,
    • Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) < 60 ml/min/1.73m2 (using Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration Equation (CKD-EPI) formula based on creatinine from local lab at any time during index hospitalisation),
    • Atrial fibrillation (persistent or permanent ; if paroxysmal, only valid if associated with index MI),
    • Type 2 diabetes mellitus (prior or new diagnosis),
    • N-Terminal Pro-Brain Natriuretic Peptide (NT-proBNP) >1,400 pg/mL for patients in sinus rhythm, >2,800 pg/mL if atrial fibrillation; Brain Natriuretic Peptide (BNP) >350 pg/mL for patients in sinus rhythm, >700 pg/mL if atrial fibrillation, measured at any time during hospitalisation,
    • Uric acid >7.5 mg/dL (>446 μmol/L), measured at any time during hospitalisation,
    • Pulmonary Artery Systolic Pressure [or right ventricular systolic pressure] >40 mmHg (non-invasive [usually obtained from clinically indicated post-MI echocardiography] or invasive, at any time during hospitalisation),
    • Patient not revascularized (and no planned revascularization) for the index MI (Includes e.g. patients where no angiography is performed, unsuccessful revascularization attempts, diffuse atherosclerosis not amenable for intervention; but does NOT include if revascularization was not performed due to nonobstructive coronary arteries),
    • 3-vessel coronary artery disease at time of index MI,
    • Diagnosis of peripheral artery disease (extracoronary vascular disease, e.g. lower extremity artery disease or carotid artery disease).

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Diagnosis of chronic Heart Failure (HF) prior to index MI.
  2. Systolic blood pressure < 90 mmHg at randomisation.
  3. Cardiogenic shock or use of i.v. inotropes in last 24 hours before randomisation.
  4. Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting planned at time of randomisation.
  5. Current diagnosis of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy.
  6. Any current severe (stenotic or regurgitant) valvular heart disease.
  7. eGFR < 20 ml/min/1.73m2 (using CKD-EPI formula based on most recent creatinine from local lab during index hospitalisation) or on dialysis.
  8. Type I diabetes mellitus. Further exclusion criteria apply.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT04509674

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Boehringer Ingelheim
Eli Lilly and Company
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Boehringer Ingelheim Identifier: NCT04509674    
Other Study ID Numbers: 1245-0202
2019-001037-13 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: August 12, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 14, 2023
Last Verified: November 2023
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description:

After the study is completed and the primary manuscript is accepted for publishing, researchers can use this following link to request access to the clinical study documents regarding this study, and upon a signed "Document Sharing Agreement".

Also, Researchers can use the following link to find information in order to request access to the clinical study data, for this and other listed studies, after the submission of a research proposal and according to the terms outlined in the website.

The data shared are the raw clinical study data sets.

Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Time Frame: After all regulatory activities are completed in the US and EU for the product and indication, and after the primary manuscript has been accepted for publication.
Access Criteria: For study documents - upon signing of a 'Document Sharing Agreement'. For study data - 1. after the submission and approval of the research proposal (checks will be performed by both the independent review panel and the sponsor, including checking that the planned analysis does not compete with sponsor's publication plan); 2. and upon signing of a 'Data Sharing Agreement'.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Heart Failure
Myocardial Infarction
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Myocardial Ischemia
Vascular Diseases
Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs