This is the classic website, which will be retired eventually. Please visit the modernized instead.
Working… Menu

Study of DAXDILIMAB for the Treatment of Moderate-to-Severe Alopecia Areata

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT05368103
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : May 10, 2022
Last Update Posted : October 17, 2023
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Horizon Pharma Ireland, Ltd., Dublin Ireland ( Horizon Therapeutics Ireland DAC )

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to assess the preliminary efficacy, safety, tolerability, PK, and PD of Daxdilimab in participants with moderate to severe AA, with ≥50% and ≤95% total scalp hair loss as defined by the SALT score at Screening and Day 1.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Alopecia Areata Biological: Daxdilimab Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Approximately 30 participants will be enrolled to receive daxdilimab administered subcutaneously over 32 weeks. The maximum trial duration per participant is approximately 52 weeks, including up to 30 days for the screening period, 32 weeks for the open-label treatment period where participants will receive daxdilimab and approximately 16 weeks for the follow-up period. Safety evaluations will be performed regularly throughout the course of the study.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2A, Open Label, Proof of Concept Trial of Daxdilimab for the Treatment of Moderate To Severe Alopecia Areata
Actual Study Start Date : April 27, 2022
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 7, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 25, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Daxdilimab
Nine sets of Daxdilimab injections over a total of 32 weeks.
Biological: Daxdilimab
Daxdilimab will be administered subcutaneously as two injections for each dose.
Other Name: HZN-7734

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percent change from baseline in Severity of Alopecia Tool (SALT) score at Week 24. [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Week 24. ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percent change from baseline in Severity of Alopecia Tool (SALT) score at Weeks 12-20; 28-36. [ Time Frame: Weeks 12-20; 28-36 ]
  2. Proportion of participants who achieve ≥50% reduction in Severity of Alopecia Tool (SALT) from baseline at Weeks 12-36. [ Time Frame: Weeks 12-36 ]
  3. Proportion of participants with absolute Severity of Alopecia Tool (SALT) score ≤ 10, 20, 30, 50 at Weeks 12-36. [ Time Frame: Weeks 12-36 ]
  4. Percent change from baseline in Severity of Alopecia Tool (SALT) score at Weeks 40-48. [ Time Frame: Weeks 40-48 ]
  5. Proportion of participants who achieve ≥50% reduction in Severity of Alopecia Tool (SALT) from baseline at Weeks 40-48. [ Time Frame: Weeks 40-48 ]
  6. Proportion of participants with absolute Severity of Alopecia Tool (SALT) score ≤ 10, 20, 30, 50 at Weeks 40-48. [ Time Frame: Weeks 40-48 ]
  7. Change from baseline in plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs). [ Time Frame: Day 1 to 48 Weeks ]
  8. Anti-drug antibody (ADA) rate. [ Time Frame: Day 1 to 48 Weeks ]
  9. Incidence of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs), treatment-serious adverse events (TESAEs), and adverse events of special interest (AESIs). [ Time Frame: Day 1 to 48 Weeks ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Willing and able to give informed consent.
  2. Willing and able to comply with the prescribed treatment protocol and evaluations for the duration of the trial.
  3. Adult men or women 18 to 65 years of age.
  4. Willing to keep the same hair style and color (eg, hair products, process, and timing for hair appointments) for the duration of the trial.
  5. Clinical diagnosis of moderate-to-severe AA - defined as meeting the following criteria:

    • Presence of ≥ 50% and ≤ 95% total scalp hair loss at screening and baseline (Day 1) defined by the SALT score.
    • Duration of current episode of hair loss >3 months but <7 years at screening and Day 1, along with investigators' assessment that hair regrowth is possible.
    • No evidence of active regrowth present at baseline and no known history of significant regrowth, as per investigator's judgement, over the last 6 months.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Individuals involved in the conduct of the trial, their employees, or immediate family members of such individuals.
  2. Any clinically significant medical condition or physical/laboratory/ECG/vital signs abnormality that would, in the opinion of the investigator, put the participant at undue risk or interfere with the evaluation of the IP or interpretation of trial results.
  3. History of allergy, hypersensitivity reaction, or anaphylaxis to any component of the IP or to a previous monoclonal antibody (mAb) or human immunoglobulin (Ig) therapy.
  4. Participant has had excessive sun exposure, is planning a trip to a sunny climate, or has used tanning booths within 4 weeks prior to Day 1 or is not willing to minimize natural and artificial sunlight exposure during the trial. Use of sunscreen products and protective apparel are recommended when sun exposure cannot be avoided.
  5. Known history of a primary immunodeficiency or an underlying condition such as known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, a positive result for HIV infection, splenectomy, or any underlying condition that in the opinion of the investigator significantly predisposes the participant to infection.
  6. Confirmed positive test for hepatitis B serology defined as:

    • Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), or
    • Hepatitis B core antibody (HBcAb or anti-HBc)
  7. Positive test for hepatitis C virus antibody.
  8. Active tuberculosis (TB), or a positive TB test at Screening. Participant will be evaluated for latent TB infection with a purified protein derivative (PPD) test or a QuantiFERON-TB Gold test. Participants who demonstrate evidence of latent TB infection (either PPD ≥5 mm of induration or positive QuantiFERON-TB Gold test, irrespective of bacille Calmette-Guérin vaccination status will not be allowed to participate in the trial, unless documented history of appropriate treatment for active or latent TB. Participants with an indeterminate test result can repeat the test, but if the repeat test is also indeterminate, they are excluded.
  9. Any severe herpes virus family infection (including Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus [CMV]) at any time prior to Day 1, including, but not limited to, disseminated herpes, herpes encephalitis, recent recurrent herpes zoster (defined as 2 episodes within the last 2 years), or ophthalmic herpes.
  10. Any herpes zoster, CMV, or Epstein-Barr virus infection that was not completely resolved 12 weeks prior to Day 1.
  11. Any of the following within 30 days prior to signing the ICF and though Day 1:

    • Clinically significant active infection in the opinion of the investigator, including ongoing, and chronic infection requiring antibiotics or antiviral medication (chronic nail infections are allowed). Note: Participant with a limited recurrence of a cold sore or herpes genitalis between ICF signature and Day 1 could be eligible based on the investigator's judgement.
    • Any infection requiring hospitalization or treatment with intravenous (IV) anti-infectives.
    • A participant with a documented positive severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) test may be rescreened at least 2 weeks after a positive test if the participant is asymptomatic and at least 3 weeks after resolution of symptomatic Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) illness.
  12. Opportunistic infection requiring hospitalization or parenteral antimicrobial treatment within 2 years prior to Day 1.
  13. Any acute illness or evidence of clinically significant active infection, such as fever ≥ 38.0°C (≥ 100.5°F) on Day 1.
  14. History of clinically significant cardiac disease including unstable angina; myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to Day 1; congestive heart failure; arrhythmia requiring active therapy, except for clinically insignificant extra systoles, or minor conduction abnormalities; or presence of clinically significant abnormality on ECG if, in the opinion of the investigator, it would increase the risk of trial participation.
  15. History of cancer or lymphoproliferative disease within 5 years prior to Day 1, except as follows:

    • In situ carcinoma of the cervix treated with apparent success with curative therapy > 12 months prior to Screening, or
    • Nonmetastatic cutaneous basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin treated with apparent success with curative therapy.
  16. Active forms of other inflammatory skin disease(s) or evidence of other skin conditions (eg, psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, lupus) at the time of the Screening and through Day 1, that in the opinion of the investigator might interfere with evaluation of AA and the assessment of the activity measures.
  17. Presence of another form of alopecia (except for androgenic alopecia).
  18. History of male or female pattern hair loss > Hamilton stage III or > Ludwig stage II.
  19. History or presence of hair transplants.
  20. History or presence of micropigmentation of the scalp (Note: microblading of the eyebrows is permitted).
  21. Use of steroids (systemic and intralesional), anthralin, squaric acid, diphenylcycloprophenone (DPCP), dinitrochlorobenzene (DCNB), protopic, minoxidil, or any other medication which in the opinion of the investigator may affect hair regrowth within 4 weeks of Day 1 visit. Note: Intranasal and inhaled corticosteroids are allowed, eye and ear drops containing corticosteroids are also allowed.
  22. Use of platelet-rich plasma injections in the last 12 weeks prior to Day 1.
  23. Topical medicated treatment that could affect AA including, but not limited to, topical corticosteroids, calcineurin inhibitors, antimicrobials, medical devices within 2 weeks of Day 1 visit. Note: Topical corticosteroids are permitted outside of the scalp, eyebrows, and eyelids.
  24. Participants who have had previous treatment with any biologic B-cell-depleting therapy (eg, rituximab, ocrelizumab, or ofatumumab) or other B-cell targeting therapy (eg, belimumab) within 12 months before Day 1.
  25. Participants who have received previous treatment with pDC inhibiting therapies (eg, anti-ILT7, anti-blood dendritic cell antigen 2 [BDCA2]).
  26. Inadequate response to adequate trial of oral Janus Kinase (JAK) inhibitors. Previous exposure to topical JAK inhibitors is acceptable, regardless of response.
  27. Any biologic or conventional disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARD), immunosuppressant (eg, cyclosporine, methotrexate, or azathioprine), JAK-inhibitors, interferon (IFN) blocking therapies, or antiproliferative agents, if last dose was taken: a. within 8 weeks prior to Day 1 or b. drug-specific 5 half-lives elimination period (if longer than 8 weeks).
  28. Participant has received any marketed or investigational biological agent within 12 weeks or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) prior to Day 1.
  29. Currently receiving a nonbiological IP or device or has received one within 4 weeks prior to Day 1 or within 5 published half-lives, whichever is longer.
  30. Participant has received any ultraviolet (UV)-B phototherapy (including tanning beds), has had psoralen-UV-A (PUVA) treatment, or excimer laser within 4 weeks prior to Day 1.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT05368103

Layout table for location information
United States, Arkansas
Burke Pharmaceutical Research
Hot Springs, Arkansas, United States, 71913
United States, California
First OC Dermatology Research, Inc.
Fountain Valley, California, United States, 92708
United States, Florida
ForCare Clinical Research
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33613
United States, Kentucky
DS Research
Louisville, Kentucky, United States, 40241
United States, Texas
Progressive Clinical Research, P.A.
San Antonio, Texas, United States, 78213
United States, Washington
Dermatology Specialists of Spokane
Spokane, Washington, United States, 99202
Canada, British Columbia
Enverus Medical Research
Surrey, British Columbia, Canada, V3V 0C6
Canada, Ontario
Dr Dusan Sajic Medicine Professional Corporation
Guelph, Ontario, Canada, N1L 0B7
Lynderm Research Inc.
Markham, Ontario, Canada, L3P 1X3
The Centre for Clinical Trials
Oakville, Ontario, Canada, L6J 7W5
SKiN Centre for Dermatology
Peterborough, Ontario, Canada, K9J 5K2,
Canada, Quebec
Innovaderm Research
Montréal, Quebec, Canada, H2X 2V1
Centre de Recherche Saint-Louis (Quebec)
Quebec, Canada, G1W 4R4
Sponsors and Collaborators
Horizon Therapeutics Ireland DAC
Layout table for investigator information
Study Director: Nisha Jain, MD Horizon Therapeutics Ireland DAC
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Horizon Therapeutics Ireland DAC Identifier: NCT05368103    
Other Study ID Numbers: HZNP-DAX-201
First Posted: May 10, 2022    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 17, 2023
Last Verified: October 2023
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Alopecia Areata
Hair Diseases
Skin Diseases
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical