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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    ASC2ESCALATE
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Asciminib Monotherapy, With Dose Escalation, for 2nd and 1st Line Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (ASC2ESCALATE)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05384587
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 20, 2022
Last Update Posted : April 23, 2024
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals )

Brief Summary:
This will be a multicenter Phase II open-label study of asciminib in CML-CP patients who have been previously treated with one prior ATP- binding site TKI with discontinuation due to treatment failure, warning or intolerance. (2L patient cohort). In addition, newly diagnosed CML-CP patients who may have received up to 4 weeks of prior TKI are included in a separate 1L patient cohort.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia - Chronic Phase Drug: asciminib Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This trial consists of three periods: screening and baseline for up to 28 days, active treatment for up to 104 weeks and a safety follow up period for 30 days.

Ninety-two (92) 2L patients with CML-CP without T315I mutation who had 1 prior ATP-binding site TKI discontinued due to treatment failure, warning or intolerance will be considered for the current study. Patients will be tested at screening for the T315I mutation and excluded if the mutation is found.

To gain additional insights into the effect of asciminib in the 1L setting, an additional cohort of newly diagnosed CML-CP patients will be enrolled in the study. Based on the number of participating sites, it is approximated that between 60 and 90 patients could be enrolled. Enrollment of the 1L cohort will be stopped when a maximum of 90 patients have been enrolled or when approximately 60 patients have been enrolled and the 2L cohort is fully recruited, whichever comes first.

Informed consent will be obtained before any procedures are performed for the study including eligibility assessments.

All eligible patients will be initially treated with asciminib at 80 mg QD. At 6 months of study treatment, patients who have achieved BCR-ABL1IS ≤1% will continue on the same dose whereas those who have not will increase dose to 200mg QD.

At 12 months of study treatment, patients will be evaluated for the primary endpoint of the study (MMR at 12 month in 2L patient cohort) and will pursue one of the following:

  • Continue on the current dose of asciminib if MMR is achieved
  • Increase dose to 200 mg QD if on 80 mg QD dosing and MMR is not achieved
  • Increase dose to 200 mg BID if on 200 mg QD dosing and MMR is not achieved
  • Take the patient off the study and switch to Investigator's agent of choice if MMR is not achieved and it is in the interest of the patient based on investigator's clinical judgment of prospect treatment benefit.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 182 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Multicenter, Open-label, Single-arm Dose Escalation Study of Asciminib Monotherapy in 2nd and 1st Line Chronic Phase - Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (ASC2ESCALATE)
Actual Study Start Date : November 11, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 27, 2026
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 26, 2027


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Asciminib
80 mg initial oral dose taken once a day with possible dose escalation
Drug: asciminib
Supplied in 40 mg tablets for oral use to be taken daily. Dose may be increased at 6 and 12 months based on molecular response with BCR-ABL1 Polymerase Chain Reaction testing.
Other Name: ABL001




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of participants who achieve Major Molecular Response (MMR) in the 2L setting [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months ]
    MMR is defined as BCR-ABL1IS ≤ 0.1%).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of participants achieving Molecular Response (MR4.5) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 24 months ]
    Molecular response (MR) will be assessed. The rate of MR4.5 where MR4.5 is defined as a ≥ 4.5 log reduction in BCR-ABL1 transcripts compared to the standardized baseline equivalent to ≤ 0.0032% BCR-ABL1/ABL % by international scale as measured by real time Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR).

  2. Number of Adverse Events and Serious Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 24 months ]
    Clinically significant findings for vitals, laboratory values and electrocardiogram (ECG) will be reported as adverse events and or serious adverse events as determined by the investigator.

  3. MMR Rate - All scheduled time points [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 3, 6, 18, and 24 months ]
    Percentage of participants who achieve MMR at or before the specified visit, i.e., if a patient achieves an MMR but then loses it before or at the visit, h/she will still be considered as achieving MMR by that time point.

  4. Time to MMR [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 24 months ]
    Time to MMR is defined and calculated as date of first documented MMR - start date of study treatment +1 day.

  5. Duration of MMR [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 24 months ]
    Duration of MMR is defined as the time from the date of first documented MMR to the earliest date of loss of MMR, progression to Accelerated Phase (AP) or Blast Crisis (BC), or CML-related death.

  6. Time to Treatment Failure (TTF) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 24 months ]
    Time to treatment failure (TTF) is defined as the time from date of randomization to an event of treatment failure.

  7. Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 24 months ]
    Time from the first dose of study treatment to the earliest occurrence of documented progression to Accelerated Phase (AP) or Blast Crisis (BC) or the date of death from any cause, before the end of the treatment phase.

  8. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 24 months. ]
    Time from the first dose of study treatment to death due to any cause during the study.

  9. MR2 Rate - All scheduled time points [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months ]
    Percentage of participants who achieve MR2 (defined as a ≥ 2 log reduction in BCR-ABL1 transcripts) at or before the specified visit, i.e., if a patient achieves an MMR but then loses it before or at the visit, h/she will still be considered as achieving MR2 by that time point.

  10. MR4 Rate - All scheduled time points [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months ]
    Percentage of participants who achieve MR4 (defined as a ≥ 4 log reduction in BCR-ABL1 transcripts) at or before the specified visit, i.e., if a patient achieves an MMR but then loses it before or at the visit, h/she will still be considered as achieving MR4 by that time point.

  11. MR4.5 Rate - All scheduled time points [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 3, 6, 12, and 18 ]
    Percentage of participants who achieve MR4.5 (defined as a ≥ 4.5 log reduction in BCR-ABL1 transcripts) at or before the specified visit, i.e., if a patient achieves an MMR but then loses it before or at the visit, h/she will still be considered as achieving MR4.5 by that time point.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. To investigate MR2, MR4, MR4.5 rate at visit [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 24 months ]
    MR2, MR4 and MR4.5 at all scheduled data collection time points except for MR4.5 at 24 month



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria:

Participants eligible for inclusion in this study must meet the following criteria: Criteria #1-5 are common to both patient cohorts (2L and 1L):

  1. Signed informed consent must be obtained prior to participation in the study
  2. CML-CP, no previous AP or BC
  3. ≥ 18 years of age
  4. ECOG performance status of 0, 1 or 2
  5. Adequate end organ function within 14 days before the first dose of asciminib treatment.

Patients with mild to moderate renal and hepatic impairment are eligible if:

  • Total bilirubin ≤ 3.0 x ULN without AST/ALT increase
  • Aspartate transaminase (AST) ≤ 5.0 x ULN
  • Alanine transaminase (ALT) ≤ 5.0 x ULN
  • Serum lipase ≤ 1.5 x ULN. For serum lipase > ULN and ≤ 1.5 x ULN, value should be considered not clinically significant and not associated with risk factors for acute pancreatitis
  • Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 x ULN
  • Creatinine clearance ≥ 30 mL/min as calculated using Cockcroft- Gault formula Criteria #6 and 7 are specific to the 2L patient cohort 6. Warning or failure (according to 2020 ELN Recommendations; Hochhaus et al) to 1L TKI therapy at the time of screening a. Warning is defined as: i. Six months after the initiation of treatment: BCR- ABL1IS >1-10% ii. Twelve months after the initiation of treatment: BCR- ABL1IS >0.1-1% b. Treatment failure/resistance to 1L TKI is defined as: i. BCR-ABL1IS >10% if 1L treatment duration between 6 and 12 months ii. BCR-ABL1IS >1% if 1L treatment longer than 12 months treatment: loss of MMR 7. Beyond 12 months after the initiation of to 1L TKI, a. BCR-ABL1IS > 0.1% at screening b. Intolerance is defined as: i. Non-hematologic intolerance: Patients with grade 3 or 4 toxicity while on therapy, or with persistent grade 2 toxicity, unresponsive to optimal management, including dose adjustments (unless dose reduction is not considered in the best interest of the patient if response is already suboptimal) ii. Hematologic intolerance: Patients with grade 3 or 4 toxicity (absolute neutrophil count [ANC] or platelets) while on therapy that is recurrent after dose reduction to the lowest doses recommended by manufacturer Criteria #8 is specific to the 1L patient cohort 8. Patients with newly diagnosed CML-CP (treatment with a prior TKI (imatinib, or nilotinib, or dasatinib or bosutinib) for ≤ 4 weeks is allowed)

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Previous treatment

    1. With 2 or more ATP-binding site TKIs (for 2L patient cohort)
    2. More than 4 weeks with 1-ATP-binding site TKIs (for 1L patient cohort)
  2. Previous treatment with asciminib
  3. Known presence of the T315I mutation at any time prior to study entry
  4. Known second chronic phase of CML after previous progression to AP/BC
  5. Previous treatment with a hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation
  6. Patient planning to undergo allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
  7. Cardiac or cardiac repolarization abnormality, including any of the following:

    • History within 6 months prior to starting study treatment of myocardial infarction (MI), angina pectoris, coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
    • Clinically significant cardiac arrhythmias (e.g., ventricular tachycardia), complete left bundle branch block, high-grade AV block (e.g., bifascicular block, Mobitz type II and third degree AV block)
    • QTcF at screening ≥450 msec (male patients), ≥450 msec (female patients)
    • Long QT syndrome, family history of idiopathic sudden death or congenital long QT syndrome, or any of the following:
    • Risk factors for Torsades de Pointes (TdP) including uncorrected hypokalemia or hypomagnesemia, history of cardiac failure, or history of clinically significant/symptomatic bradycardia
    • Concomitant medication(s) with a "Known risk of Torsades de Pointes" per www.crediblemeds.org that cannot be discontinued or replaced 7 days prior to starting study drug by safe alternative medication
    • Inability to determine the QTcF interval
  8. History of acute pancreatitis within 1 year of study entry or past medical history of chronic pancreatitis
  9. Participation in a prior investigational study within 30 days prior to randomization or within 5 half-lives of the investigational product, whichever is longer
  10. Treatment with medications that meet one of the following criteria is not allowed and should be switched to an alternative at least one week prior to the start of treatment with study treatment:

    • Strong inducers of CYP3A for patients on the dose of 80 mg QD and 200mg QD
    • Strong inducers and inhibitors of CYP3A for patients on the dose of 200 mg BID
  11. Pregnant or nursing (lactating) women
  12. Women of child-bearing potential, defined as all women physiologically capable of becoming pregnant, unless they are using highly effective methods of contraception. Highly effective contraception for women should be maintained throughout the study and for at least 7 days after the last dose.
  13. Sexually active males unwilling to use a condom during intercourse while taking study treatment and for 7 days after stopping study (only for patients treated with asciminib).
  14. Severe and/or uncontrolled concurrent medical disease that in the opinion of the Investigator could cause unacceptable safety risks or compromise compliance with the protocol (e.g. uncontrolled diabetes, active or uncontrolled infection; uncontrolled arterial or pulmonary hypertension, uncontrolled clinically significant hyperlipidemia).
  15. History of other active malignancy within 3 years prior to study entry with the exception of previous or concomitant basal cell skin cancer and previous carcinoma in situ treated curatively.
  16. Known hypersensitivity to the study treatment.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05384587


Contacts
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Contact: Novartis Pharmaceuticals 1-888-669-6682 john.sabo@novartis.com
Contact: Novartis Pharmaceuticals

Locations
Show Show 68 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
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Study Director: Daisy Yang, PhD Novartis
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Responsible Party: Novartis Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05384587    
Other Study ID Numbers: CABL001AUS08
First Posted: May 20, 2022    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 23, 2024
Last Verified: April 2024
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description:

Novartis is committed to sharing with qualified external researchers, access to patient-level data and supporting clinical documents from eligible studies. These requests are reviewed and approved by an independent review panel on the basis of scientific merit. All data provided is anonymized to respect the privacy of patients who have participated in the trial in line with applicable laws and regulations.

This trial data availability is according to the criteria and process described on www.clinicalstudydatarequest.com


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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals ):
ASC2ESCALATE
CML
Chronic Phase
Asciminib
315I mutation
BCR-ABL
MMR
TKI
Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor
molecular response
adult
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Leukemia, Myeloid, Chronic-Phase
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hematologic Diseases
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Bone Marrow Diseases
Chronic Disease
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Asciminib
Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action