This is the classic website, which will be retired eventually. Please visit the modernized ClinicalTrials.gov instead.
Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Acute Dose-dependent Effects of DMT in Healthy Subjects (DMT DR)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05384678
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 20, 2022
Last Update Posted : November 21, 2023
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland

Brief Summary:
N,N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT) is a psychoactive substance with similar effects such as LSD or psilocybin. However, DMT is less well characterized than the latter substances. The present study is a modern randomized cross-over trial, investigating different continuous intravenous DMT dose rates over a broad dose range. Thus, different doses will be tested and related to subjective and autonomic effects.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Healthy Drug: N,N-Dimethyltryptamine (54 mg) Drug: N,N-Dimethyltryptamine (108 mg) Drug: N,N-Dimethyltryptamine (162 mg) Drug: N,N-Dimethyltryptamine (216 mg) Drug: Placebo Drug: N,N-Dimethyltryptamine (108 mg) + dose titration Phase 1

Detailed Description:
N,N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT) is a naturally-occurring psychedelic substance widely used in recreational and spiritual settings (Ayahuasca). DMT is considered a tool to induce an altered state of consciousness of interest in psychological and psychiatric research. DMT is rapidly metabolized by monoamine oxidase (MAO) A. Therefore, it is inactive when administered orally and has a very short duration of action when administered parenterally (<20 min). In Ayahuasca, DMT is consumed together with harmala alkaloids that inhibit MAO to increase the oral bioavailablitity of DMT and to prolong its action after oral use. Alternatively, an intravenous administration regime including a bolus and maintenance perfusion has been proposed to induce a stable and prolonged DMT experience and is currently being investigated. However, to date no clinical study has investigated dose-response effects over a broad range of different doses of DMT within the same patient. The aim of the present study is to experimentally test different intravenous DMT doses over a broad dose range and investigate the related subjective and autonomic effects in order to establish a precise dose-response relationship of DMT in healthy subjects.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 24 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Intervention Model Description: 5-period random order, placebo-controlled, double-blind cross-over study with four active substance conditions and placebo: 1. 0.6 mg/min, 2. 1.2 mg/min, 3. 1.8 mg/min, 4. 2.4 mg/min, 5. Placebo. Additionally, a patient-guided titration will be performed at the sixth and last session (not randomized).
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Acute Dose-dependent Effects of DMT in Healthy Subjects: A Placebo-controlled Cross-over Study
Actual Study Start Date : November 15, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 28, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 30, 2024


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: DMT 0.6 mg/min Drug: N,N-Dimethyltryptamine (54 mg)
A dose rate of 0.6 mg/min will be administered

Experimental: DMT 1.2 mg/min Drug: N,N-Dimethyltryptamine (108 mg)
A dose rate of 1.2 mg/min will be administered

Experimental: DMT 1.8 mg/min Drug: N,N-Dimethyltryptamine (162 mg)
A dose rate of 1.8 mg/min will be administered

Experimental: DMT 2.4 mg/min Drug: N,N-Dimethyltryptamine (216 mg)
A dose rate of 2.4 mg/min will be administered

Placebo Comparator: Placebo Drug: Placebo
A Placebo (saline infusion) will be administered.

Experimental: DMT 1.2 mg/min + dose titration Drug: N,N-Dimethyltryptamine (108 mg) + dose titration
A dose rate of 1.2 mg/min will be administered with subsequent patient-guided dose titration




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Altered states of consciousness profile (5D-ASC) [ Time Frame: 12 months ]

    5 Dimensions of Altered States of Consciousness (5D-ASC) consisting of 94 items to be rated on a visual analog scale (0-100 mm), with higher values indicating stronger effects with higher scores representing more intense effects.

    Assessed once on each study day


  2. Subjective effect ratings over time [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Participants will be asked by the investigator to repeatedly rate their subjective effects verbally on a Likert scale from 0 to 10 for: "any drug effect", "good drug effect", "bad drug effect", and "fear". Ratings will be performed before and repeatedly after substance administration and will take approximately 30 sec complete.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. States of consciousness questionnaire (SCQ) [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Assesses the emergence and intensity of phenomenons occurring in altered states of consciousness on a 6-point Likert scale ranging from 0 ("not at all") to 5 ("extremely") once on each study day

  2. Spiritual Realms Questionnaire [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Assesses the spiritual phenomenons elicited by psychedelic substances through 11 main questions to be answered on a total of 65 sub-ordered 100mm visual analog scales once on each study day

  3. Blood pressure [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Assessed 20 times on each study day via systolic and diastolic blood pressure

  4. heart rate [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Assessed 20 times on each study day via heart rate

  5. body temperature [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Assessed 20 times on each study day via tympanic body temperature

  6. Plasma level DMT [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Assessed 22 times on each study day

  7. Plasma level of oxytocin [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Assessed 3 times on each study day

  8. Plasma level of cortisol [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Assessed 3 times on each study day

  9. Plasma level of BDNF [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Assessed 3 times on each study day

  10. Plasma level of Prolactin [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Assessed 3 times on each study day

  11. Urine recovery of DMT [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Assessed once on each study day

  12. NEO-Five-Factor-Inventory (NEO-FFI) [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    The NEO-FFI is a self-description questionnaire with 60 items for the measurement of the "big five": neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and consciousness. It uses a 5-point Likert scale ranging from "completely disagree" to "fully agree".

  13. Saarbrücker Personality Questionnaire (SPF) [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    The SPF defines empathy as the "reactions of one individual to the observed experiences of another." It assesses 28- items on a 5-point Likert scale ranging from "Does not describe me well" to "Describes me very well". The measure has 4 subscales (Perspective Taking, Fantasy, Empathic Concern, Personal Distress) each made up of 7 different items.

  14. Elliot Humility Scale (EHS) [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    The Elliot Humility Scale (EHS) is a validated 13-item self-rating measure assessing four subscales, i.e. openness, self-forgetfulness, accurate self-assessment, and focus on others on a 5-point Likert scale ranging from "strongly disagree" to "strongly agree"



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   25 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age between 25 and 65 years old
  2. Sufficient understanding of the German language
  3. Understanding of procedures and risks associated with the study
  4. Willing to adhere to the protocol and signing of the consent form
  5. Willing to refrain from the consumption of illicit psychoactive substances during the study
  6. Abstaining from xanthine-based liquids from the evenings prior to the study sessions and during the sessions
  7. Willing not to operate heavy machinery within 6 h of DMT administration
  8. Willing to use double-barrier birth control throughout study participation
  9. Body mass index between 18-29 kg/m2

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Chronic or acute medical condition
  2. Current or previous major psychiatric disorder (e.g. psychotic disorders, mania / hypomania, anxiety disorders).
  3. Psychotic disorder or bipolar disorder in first-degree relatives
  4. Hypertension (SBP>140/90 mmHg) or hypotension (SBP<85 mmHg)
  5. Hallucinogenic substance use (not including cannabis) more than 20 times or any time within the previous two months
  6. Pregnancy or current breastfeeding
  7. Participation in another clinical trial (currently or within the last 30 days)
  8. Use of medication that may interfere with the effects of the study medication
  9. Tobacco smoking (>10 cigarettes/day)
  10. Consumption of alcoholic beverages (>20 drinks/week)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05384678


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Matthias E Liechti, MD 61 328 68 68 ext +41 matthias.liechti@usb.ch
Contact: Severin B Vogt, MD 61 328 68 66 ext +41 severinbenjamin.vogt@usb.ch

Locations
Layout table for location information
Switzerland
Universtity Hospital Basel Recruiting
Basel, Switzerland, 4056
Contact: Matthias Liechti, Prof    +41 61 328 68 68    matthias.liechti@usb.ch   
Contact: Severin Vogt, Dr. med.    + 41 61 328 68 66    severinbenjamin.vogt@usb.ch   
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Matthias E Liechti, MD University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05384678    
Other Study ID Numbers: BASEC 2022-00378
First Posted: May 20, 2022    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 21, 2023
Last Verified: November 2023

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
N,N-Dimethyltryptamine
Hallucinogens
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Psychotropic Drugs
Serotonin Antagonists
Serotonin Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Serotonin Receptor Agonists