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UCD19 CAR T Therapy in Adults With B-ALL and MRD Positivity in CR1

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT05535855
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 10, 2022
Last Update Posted : February 5, 2024
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Colorado, Denver

Brief Summary:
This open-label, single arm Phase I trial aims to determine the safety and tolerability of anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor-expressing (CAR) T cells (UCD19 CAR T) in adults B-ALL that are in first complete remission with minimal residual disease (MRD) positivity. This trial will enroll 10 patients for apheresis and treatment with lymphodepleting chemotherapy followed by UCD19 CAR T cell infusion. Patients will be assessed for dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) (within 42 days after CAR T infusion), duration of B cell aplasia, overall response rate (at 1-, 3-, 6- and 12-months), and overall survival and event free survival (at 12- and 24- months) post UCD19 CAR T infusion.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Lymphoid Leukemia Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Drug: CD19 Directed CAR T Cell Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 14 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Safety and Tolerability Trial of CD19 Directed CAR T Cells in Adult Patients With B-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (B-ALL) With Minimal Residual Disease (MRD) Positivity at First Complete Remission
Actual Study Start Date : January 24, 2024
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 1, 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2027

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: UCD19 CAR T Infusion
Lymphodepleting chemotherapy followed by infusion of UCD19 CAR T cells. Infusion is subject to a seven (7) day delay following chemotherapy completion if needed for resolution of clinical toxicities or to allow for product release.
Drug: CD19 Directed CAR T Cell
The UCD19 CAR T cells are developed through transfection of autologous peripheral blood mononuclear cells with a lentivirus carrying the DNA that encodes a short chain fragment variable region (scFv) derived from an anti-CD19 monoclonal antibody, among other elements.
Other Name: UCD19 CAR T cells

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety of UCD19 CAR T in Adults With B-ALL in first complete remission with MRD Positivity: occurrence and frequency of Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Until 30 days after last day of study participation ]
    The occurrence and frequency of Adverse Events will be graded using the National Cancer Institute's (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0 grading criteria.

  2. Safety of UCD19 CAR T in Adults With B-ALL in first complete remission with MRD Positivity: occurrence of Dose Limiting Toxicities (DLTs) [ Time Frame: 42 days ]

    Adverse events that are at least possibly related to the UCD19 CAR T cells with onset within the first 42 days following UCD19 CAR T cell infusion and are ≥ Grade 3 in severity will be considered DLTs.

    With exception to hematological toxicity for subjects with normal, Grade 1 or Grade 2 Hematologic Parameters at baseline (independent of transfusion) and cytopenias NOT due to Bone Marrow Involvement by Disease. However, any Grade 4 hematological toxicity (i.e., neutropenia or thrombocytopenia with the exception of lymphopenia) persisting beyond 42 days after infusion will be considered a DLT unless toxicity is attributed to patient's underlying disease.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall response rate (ORR) at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months post UCD19 CAR T infusion as measured by MRD. [ Time Frame: 1, 3, 6, and 12 months ]

    MRD negativity is defined as bone marrow that has no detectable blasts at or above the sensitivity threshold for the particular assay used (approximately 0.01% for FACS-MRD, 0.001% for BCR-ABL qPCR).

    MRD positivity is defined as > 0.01% by FACS for Ph- ALL and either > 0.01% by FACS or less than complete molecular remission (undetectable BCR-ABL1 transcripts by quantitative PCR assay with sensitivity of at least 1 in 100,000) for Ph+ ALL.

  2. Overall Survival (OS) at 12 and 24 months post UCD19 CAR T infusion. [ Time Frame: 12 and 24 months ]
    OS defined as measured from the date of infusion to the time of death from any cause.

  3. Event Free Survival (EFS) at 12 and 24 months post UCD19 CAR T infusion [ Time Frame: 12 and 24 months ]
    EFS is defined as failure to achieve MRD-negativity (approximately 0.01% for FACS-MRD, 0.001% for BCR-ABL qPCR), disease relapse, or death from any cause

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Duration of B-cell aplasia [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    B-cell aplasia defined as <3.0% CD19+ cells/total lymphocytes by peripheral blood flow cytometry.

  2. Assessment of minimal residual disease by next generation sequencing [ Time Frame: 1, 3, 6, and 12 months ]
    MRD by next generation sequencing for clonal B-cell receptor gene rearrangements

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age: ≥ 18 years of age with no upper age limit
  2. ECOG Performance Status ≤ 2
  3. Confirmed B-cell ALL in first complete morphologic remission
  4. MRD positivity as defined by:

    1. For Ph- ALL: > 0.01% by FACS or > 0 clonal sequences by NGS (clonoSEQ). MRD assessment for eligibility must be at least 28 days after the start of SOC induction therapy. Remission-induction therapy must have consisted of multi-agent chemotherapy (> or =3 systemic anti-leukemia chemotherapy agents).
    2. For Ph+ ALL: > 0.01% by FACS, or > 0 clonal sequences by NGS (clonoSEQ), or less than complete molecular remission (undetectable BCR-ABL1 transcripts by quantitative PCR assay with sensitivity of at least 1 in 100,000). MRD assessment for eligibility must be at least 85 days after the start of SOC induction therapy. Remission-induction therapy must have consisted of a BCR-ABL1 directed tyrosine kinase inhibitor and at least one other systemic anti-leukemia chemotherapy agent.
  5. Peripheral blood CD3 count must be > 0.15 x 106 cells/mL within 14 days prior to proceeding with apheresis.
  6. Toxicities from prior therapy must be stable and recovered to ≤ grade 2 (except for clinically non-significant toxicities such as alopecia).
  7. Adequate organ function as defined by:

    1. Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 750/μL.
    2. Platelet count ≥ 50,000/μL.
    3. Renal: Creatinine ≤ 2 mg/dL OR creatinine clearance (as estimated by Cockcroft Gault equation) ≥ 60 mL/min.
    4. Hepatic: Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT)/aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 2.5 upper limit of normal (ULN).
    5. Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 mg/dL, except in subjects with Gilbert's syndrome where a bilirubin <3.0 will be acceptable.
    6. Cardiac: Ejection fraction ≥ 45%, no evidence of physiologically significant pericardial effusion as determined by an echocardiogram (ECHO), and no clinically significant electrocardiogram (ECG) findings.
    7. Pulmonary: No clinically significant pleural effusion.

    i. Baseline oxygen saturation > 92% on room air and; ii. Pulmonary Function Test: Diffuse capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide (DLCO), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC) are all ≥50% of predicted by spirometry after correcting for hemoglobin.

  8. Females of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test (females who have undergone surgical sterilization or who have been postmenopausal for at least 2 years are not considered to be of childbearing potential).
  9. Subjects of childbearing or child-fathering potential must be willing to practice birth control from the time of enrollment on this study and for 12 months after receiving the UCD19 infusion; females of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test.
  10. Must be able to give informed consent; subjects unable to give informed consent will not be eligible for this study.
  11. Be able to consent to long-term follow-up protocol

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Previous CAR T therapy.
  2. Relapsed or refractory B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, including patients who have evidence of MRD after having previously documented MRD-negative remission.
  3. Mixed phenotype acute leukemia or Burkitt's lymphoma
  4. Not in hematological remission (>5% blasts) at time of enrollment
  5. Signs or symptoms of active CNS disease or detectable evidence of CNS disease by assessment of cerebrospinal fluid at the time of screening. Subjects with leukemic involvement of the CSF at diagnosis who have no detectable leukemic cells in the CSF at screening are eligible.
  6. History of malignancy other than non-melanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ (e.g., cervix, bladder, breast) unless disease free for at least 3 years.
  7. Uncontrolled fungal, bacterial, viral, or other infection requiring antimicrobials for management; simple urinary tract infection (UTI) and uncomplicated bacterial pharyngitis are permitted if responding to active treatment.
  8. Known history of infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or hepatitis B (hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] positive) or hepatitis C.
  9. History of myocardial infarction, cardiac angioplasty or stenting, unstable angina, or other clinically significant cardiac disease within 12 months of enrollment or have cardiac atrial or cardiac ventricular lymphoma involvement.
  10. Venous thrombosis or embolism not managed on a stable regimen of anticoagulation.
  11. Any medical condition that in the judgement of the sponsor is likely to interfere with assessment of safety or efficacy of study treatment.
  12. History of severe immediate hypersensitivity reaction to any of the agents used in this study.
  13. Females planning to become pregnant during the course of the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT05535855

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Contact: Derek Schatz 17208480628
Contact: Andrew Roth, PhD

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United States, Colorado
University of Colorado Hospital Recruiting
Aurora, Colorado, United States, 80045
Contact: Derek Schatz    720-848-0628    DEREK.SCHATZ@CUANSCHUTZ.EDU   
Contact: Andrew Roth, PhD   
Principal Investigator: Marc Schwartz, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Colorado, Denver
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Principal Investigator: Marc Schwartz, MD University of Colorado, Denver
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Responsible Party: University of Colorado, Denver Identifier: NCT05535855    
Other Study ID Numbers:
First Posted: September 10, 2022    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 5, 2024
Last Verified: February 2024
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hematologic Diseases
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases