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A Vaccine Booster (GEO-CM04S1) for the Prevention of COVID-19 in Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05672355
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 5, 2023
Last Update Posted : February 2, 2024
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
City of Hope Medical Center

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial compares the effect of the GEO-CM04S1 vaccine with the current standard of care vaccine in preventing COVID-19 infections in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). The GEO-CM04S1 vaccine uses a modified vaccinia virus (MVA) backbone that may be more effective at boosting COVID-19 immunity in patients with poor immune responses. MVA strongly induces T cell expansion (infection fighting blood cells) even in the background of a suppressed immune system, which is the case in the targeted CLL patient population. Using the GEO-CM04S1 vaccine may be more effective at preventing COVID-19 infection in patients diagnosed with CLL.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia COVID-19 Infection Procedure: Biospecimen Collection Biological: mRNA COVID-19 Vaccine Biological: Synthetic MVA-based SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine COH04S1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. Estimate the T cell-based immune response rate on day 56 post-injection of synthetic MVA-based SARS-CoV-2 vaccine COH04S1 (GEO-CM04S1) vaccine boost administered at 2.5x10^8 plaque-forming unit (PFU) or standard of care (SOC) vaccine administered as standard of care.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Evaluate the safety of single-dose vaccine boost based on moderate and unacceptable toxicities up to day 28 post-injection for the GEO-CM04S1 and SOC vaccines.

II. Estimate the T cell-based immune response rate at day 112 post-injection of GEO-CM04S1 vaccine at 2.5x10^8 PFU vs SOC severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) vaccine administered as COVID-19 vaccine boosters.

III. Select the more promising vaccine to study further as a booster in patients with CLL.

IV. Evaluate SARS-CoV-2 S and N-specific Th1 vs Th2 polarization. V. Estimate the magnitude and durability of T-cell-based immune responses over a 12-month period.

VI. Estimate the levels and durability of SARS-CoV-2-specific IgG in a 12-month period.

VII. Evaluate levels of antibodies neutralizing SARS-CoV-2 in original strain and in variants of concern (VOC) based on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) definition using Spike-pseudotyped lentivirus.

VIII. Evaluate the overall safety profile during follow-up (12 months). IX. Estimate the incidence and severity of COVID-19 infection during follow-up (12 months).

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine the SARS-CoV-2 variant by sequencing virus from polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-confirmed infected participants.

II. Evaluate activated/cycling and memory phenotype markers in SARS-CoV-2 stimulated T cells.

III. Estimate SARS-CoV-2-specfic serum IgA levels measured by enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA).

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM I: Patients receive GEO-CM04S1 vaccine intramuscularly (IM) on days 0 and 84 on study.

ARM II. Patients receive mRNA vaccine injection IM on days 0 and 84 on study.

Patients undergo blood sample collections throughout the study and are monitored for 1 year.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 80 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description:

This trial is observer-blinded because the physical appearance of GEO-CM04S1 and mRNA vaccine may vary. The investigators, treating clinicians, participants, and other study staff, including the nurses involved in soliciting or recording of AEs, will be blinded through the day 112 visit.

The study statisticians, pharmacists, and nurses who administer the vaccine injections will be unblinded. To avoid inadvertent unblinding of the participants at the time of injection, the syringe will be obscured from view by the nurse during injection.

Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Randomized Observer-Blinded Phase 2 Trial of COVID-19 Booster With GEO-CM04S1 or mRNA Vaccine in Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Actual Study Start Date : August 1, 2023
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 12, 2026
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 12, 2026


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm I (GEO-CM04S1)
Patients receive GEO-CM04S1 vaccine IM on days 0 and 84 on study. Patients undergo blood sample collections throughout the study and are monitored for 1 year.
Procedure: Biospecimen Collection
Undergo blood sample collection
Other Names:
  • Biological Sample Collection
  • Biospecimen Collected
  • Specimen Collection

Biological: Synthetic MVA-based SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine COH04S1
Given IM
Other Names:
  • COH04S1
  • SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine COH04S1
  • sMVA-based SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine COH04S1

Active Comparator: Arm II (mRNA Covid-19 Vaccine)
Patients receive mRNA vaccine injection IM on days 0 and 84 on study. Patients undergo blood sample collections throughout the study and are monitored for 1 year.
Procedure: Biospecimen Collection
Undergo blood sample collection
Other Names:
  • Biological Sample Collection
  • Biospecimen Collected
  • Specimen Collection

Biological: mRNA COVID-19 Vaccine
Given IM
Other Names:
  • COVID-19 mRNA Vaccine
  • mRNA-based COVID-19 Vaccine
  • SARS-CoV-2 mRNA Vaccine




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. T cell response [ Time Frame: Baseline to day 56 ]

    Assessed by >= 3-fold increase in S-specific or N-specific IFN-gamma-secreting T cells over baseline at day 56 (Primary Immune Analysis [PIA]), using Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Spot (ELISPOT) assay to quantify SARS CoV-2 reactive T cells.

    * Note: Missing immune response will not be imputed. Missing immune response will be categorized as no for intent-to-treat analysis but will be excluded in per-protocol analysis.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of adverse events (AEs) moderate toxicity (MOD) [ Time Frame: From each injection to Day 28 post injection ]
    Grade 2 AEs (based on Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] version 5.0) probably or definitely attributable to vaccine boost, lasting >= 7 days. The primary toxicity analysis will be summarized in terms of type, severity, time of onset, duration, probable association with GEO-CM04S1 vaccine and reversibility or outcome.

  2. Incidence of AEs unacceptable toxicity (UT) [ Time Frame: From each injection to Day 28 post injection ]
    Grade 3-5 AEs (based on CTCAE version 5.0) probably or definitely attributable to vaccine boost. The primary toxicity analysis will be summarized in terms of type, severity, time of onset, duration, probable association with GEO-CM04S1 vaccine and reversibility or outcome.

  3. Incidence of myocarditis or pericarditis [ Time Frame: Up to 42 days following final injection of study vaccine (GEO-CM04S1 or standard of care [SoC] mRNA-CoV-2 vaccine) ]
    Any grade probably or definitely attributable to vaccine boost.

  4. Incidence of serious adverse events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: From each injection to Day 365 post injection ]
    At least possibly related to vaccine booster injection, with the exception of hospitalization for grades 1 or 2 fever.

  5. T cell response [ Time Frame: Baseline to 28 days after the second booster injection ]
    As assessed by >= 3-fold increase in S-specific or N-specific IFN-gamma-secreting T cells, using ELISPOT assay to quantify SARS CoV-2 reactive T cells. Scatterplots of immune response markers across time points will be generated to visualize the temporal patterns.

  6. T cell fold-increase [ Time Frame: At all immune test time points (Baseline, and days 28, 56, 84, 112, 180 and 365) ]
    ELISPOT assay of SARS CoV-2 reactive T cell cytokines (IFN-gamma, IL-4).

  7. SARS-CoV-2-S and -N specific IFNgamma (Th1) and IL-4 (Th2) cytokine levels following stimulation with overlapping peptide libraries specific for SARS-CoV-2 [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    The immune response rate at day 112 and 90% CI will be calculated by arm. Continuous immune response markers will be summarized by means or geometric means and standard deviations if the assumption of normal distribution is not violated. Repeated immune response measurements at the multiple time points will be analyzed using generalized estimating equations (GEE) or mixed regression models. Scatterplots of immune response markers across time points will be generated to visualize the temporal patterns.

  8. Level of antibodies neutralizing SARS-CoV-2 Spike pseudoviruses [ Time Frame: At day 56 after the first booster injection (PIA), at 28 days after the second booster injection (day 112), and at days 180 and 365 ]
    Based on ancestral Wuhan strain and SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern (VOC) or variants of high consequence (VHC) based on Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) definition.

  9. Levels of S- or N-specific IgG titers [ Time Frame: At day 56 after the first booster injection (PIA), 28 days after the second booster injection (day 112), and at days 180 and 365 ]
    Using quantitative enxyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA) based on World Health Organization (WHO) international standard for SARS-CoV-2 antibodies.

  10. Confirmed COVID-19 infection by PCR viral load [ Time Frame: Baseline to 1 year ]
  11. Severe COVID-19 infection by Food and Drug Administration (FDA) criteria [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 1 year ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Documented informed consent of the participant and/or legally authorized representative
  • Age: >= 18 years
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) =< 1
  • Histologically confirmed diagnosis of CLL according to World Health Organization (WHO) classification
  • Prior COVID-19 Vaccination (2 or more Pfizer or Moderna) with last injection >= 3 months prior
  • Fully recovered from the acute toxic effects (except alopecia) to =< Grade 1 to prior anti-cancer therapy
  • White Blood Cells (WBC) >= 1,000/mm^3 (To be performed within 14 days prior to Day 1 of protocol therapy)
  • Platelets >= 50,000/mm^3 (To be performed within 14 days prior to Day 1 of protocol therapy)
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN) (unless has Gilbert's disease) (To be performed within 14 days prior to Day 1 of protocol therapy)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 2.5 x ULN (To be performed within 14 days prior to Day 1 of protocol therapy)
  • Alanine transaminase (ALT) =< 2.5 x ULN (To be performed within 14 days prior to Day 1 of protocol therapy)
  • Creatinine clearance <1.5 ULN (To be performed within 14 days prior to Day 1 of protocol therapy)
  • Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP): negative urine or serum pregnancy test (To be performed within 14 days prior to Day 1 of protocol therapy)

    • If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required
  • Agreement by females and males of childbearing potential to use an effective method of birth control or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course of the study through at least 6 weeks after the last vaccine injection

    • Childbearing potential defined as not being surgically sterilized (men and women) or have not been free from menses for > 1 year (women only)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Known current SARS CoV-2 infection
  • Prior Evusheld or other anti-SARS CoV-2 prophylaxis < 2 weeks prior
  • Prior hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) or chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy within the previous year
  • Systemic corticosteroids required for chronic conditions at doses > 0.5mg/kg/day prednisone equivalent within 7 days of enrollment
  • Intensive cytotoxic therapies, T-cell depleting therapies, within 30 days of enrollment; however, patients with stable disease on maintenance therapies are allowed (See ConMeds for lists of acceptable and contraindicated therapies)
  • Participants who have had a live vaccine =< 30 days prior to administration of any dose of study vaccine or subjects who are =< 2 weeks within administration of inactivated vaccines (e.g., influenza vaccine). Flu shots are allowed > 2 weeks before a study vaccine injection and > 2 weeks post study vaccine injection
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to study agent (e.g., egg allergies)
  • Active infection not controlled on appropriate therapy
  • History of adverse event with a prior smallpox vaccination
  • History of pericarditis or myocarditis
  • Any MVA vaccine or poxvirus vaccine in the last 12 months
  • Females only: Pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Any other condition that would, in the Investigator's judgment, contraindicate the patient's participation in the clinical study due to safety concerns with clinical study procedures
  • Prospective participants who, in the opinion of the investigator, may not be able to comply with all study procedures (including compliance issues related to feasibility/logistics)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05672355


Locations
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United States, California
City of Hope Medical Center Recruiting
Duarte, California, United States, 91010
Contact: Alexey V. Danilov    626-218-2405    adanilov@coh.org   
Principal Investigator: Alexey V. Danilov         
Sponsors and Collaborators
City of Hope Medical Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Alexey V Danilov City of Hope Medical Center
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Responsible Party: City of Hope Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05672355    
Other Study ID Numbers: 22416
NCI-2022-10303 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
22416 ( Other Identifier: City of Hope Medical Center )
P30CA033572 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: January 5, 2023    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 2, 2024
Last Verified: February 2024

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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COVID-19
Leukemia
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Pneumonia, Viral
Pneumonia
Respiratory Tract Infections
Infections
Virus Diseases
Coronavirus Infections
Coronaviridae Infections
Nidovirales Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Leukemia, B-Cell
Chronic Disease
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Vaccines
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs