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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    05710328
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Testing the Role of FDG-PET/CT to Predict Response to Therapy Prior to Surgery for HER2-positive Breast Cancer, The DIRECT Trial

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05710328
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : February 2, 2023
Last Update Posted : May 17, 2024
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group ( ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group )

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial tests how well an imaging procedure called fludeoxyglucose F-18 (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) works in predicting response to standard of care chemotherapy prior to surgery in patients with HER2-positive stage IIa-IIIc breast cancer. FDG is a radioactive tracer that is given in a vein before PET/CT imaging and helps to identify areas of active cancer. PET and CT are imaging techniques that make detailed, computerized pictures of areas inside the body. The use of FDG-PET/CT may help doctors better decide if a patient needs more or less treatment before surgery in order to get the best response. This study evaluates whether FDG-PET/CT is useful in predicting a patient's response to standard of care chemotherapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Anatomic Stage II Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Anatomic Stage III Breast Cancer AJCC v8 HER2-Positive Breast Carcinoma Invasive Breast Carcinoma Drug: Chemotherapy Procedure: Computed Tomography Other: Fludeoxyglucose F-18 Procedure: Positron Emission Tomography Procedure: Surgical Procedure Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To estimate the negative predictive value (NPV) of neoadjuvant interim (ni)FDG-PET/CT for pathologic complete response (pCR), using delta maximum standardized uptake value corrected for lean body mass day 15 (deltaSULmaxD15), completed through central review, of the primary breast cancer at a threshold of 40%, in patients treated with neoadjuvant HER2-directed therapy.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To estimate the sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value (PPV) of niFDG-PET/CT for pCR, using deltaSULmaxD15 of the primary breast cancer at a threshold of 40%, in patients treated with neoadjuvant HER2-directed therapy.

II. To evaluate the performance of niFDG-PET/CT, using deltaSULmaxD15 of the primary breast cancer at a threshold of 40%, as a predictor of 3-year event-free survival (EFS) from time of study registration.

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. To estimate the NPV of niFDG-PET/CT for pCR, using deltaSULmaxD15 of the primary breast cancer at a grid of alternative thresholds ranging from 30% to 60%, in patients treated with neoadjuvant HER2-directed therapy.

II. To compare deltaSULmaxD15 using automated image analysis of FDG-PET/CT by AutoPERCIST (trademark) to standard PET analysis software.

OUTLINE:

Patients receive FDG intravenously (IV), undergo PET/CT, receive standard of care chemotherapy, and undergo standard of care surgery on study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 235 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Interim FDG-PET/CT for PreDIcting REsponse of HER2+ Breast Cancer to Neoadjuvant Therapy: DIRECT Trial
Actual Study Start Date : May 10, 2023
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 31, 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 31, 2025

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Diagnostic (FDG-PET/CT scan)
Patients receive FDG IV, undergo PET/CT, receive standard of care chemotherapy, and undergo standard of care surgery on study.
Drug: Chemotherapy
Receive standard of care chemotherapy
Other Names:
  • Chemo
  • Chemotherapy (NOS)
  • Chemotherapy, Cancer, General

Procedure: Computed Tomography
Undergo PET/CT
Other Names:
  • CAT
  • CAT Scan
  • Computed Axial Tomography
  • Computerized Axial Tomography
  • Computerized Tomography
  • CT
  • CT Scan
  • tomography

Other: Fludeoxyglucose F-18
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 18FDG
  • FDG
  • Fludeoxyglucose (18F)
  • fludeoxyglucose F 18
  • Fludeoxyglucose F18
  • Fluorine-18 2-Fluoro-2-deoxy-D-Glucose
  • Fluorodeoxyglucose F18

Procedure: Positron Emission Tomography
Undergo PET/CT
Other Names:
  • Medical Imaging, Positron Emission Tomography
  • PET
  • PET Scan
  • Positron Emission Tomography Scan
  • Positron-Emission Tomography
  • proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging
  • PT

Procedure: Surgical Procedure
Undergo standard of care surgery
Other Names:
  • Operation
  • Surgery
  • Surgery Type
  • Surgical
  • Surgical Intervention
  • Surgical Interventions
  • Surgical Procedures
  • Type of Surgery




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Negative predictive value of neoadjuvant interim (ni) fludeoxyglucose F-18 (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for pathologic complete response (pCR) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    The analysis set for this objective will comprise all patients who enrolled in the study and had a FDG-PET/CT scan at T0 and T1 timepoint. The negative predictive value is defined as the probability that pCR will not be achieved by study participants who experience a using delta maximum standardized uptake value corrected for lean body mass day 15 (deltaSULmaxD15) below 40% and will be estimated via an exact, two-sided 95% confidence interval.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Sensitivity of niFDG-PET/CT for pCR [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    The analysis set for this objective will be the same as for the primary objective. The estimation approach will also be similar.

  2. Specificity of niFDG-PET/CT for pCR [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    The analysis set for this objective will be the same as for the primary objective. The estimation approach will also be similar.

  3. Positive predictive value of niFDG-PET/CT for pCR [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    The analysis set for this objective will be the same as for the primary objective. The estimation approach will also be similar.

  4. Performance of niFDG-PET/CT as predictor of 3-year event-free survival [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Using deltaSULmaxD15 of the primary breast cancer at a threshold of 40%. The analysis set for this objective will be the same as for the primary objective. The analysis will compare estimates of 3-year event-free survival between participants with deltaSULmaxD15 above and below the 40% threshold using a log-rank test.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Negative predictive value of niFDG-PET/CT for pCR [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    The analytic approach for this objective will parallel the approach for the primary aim for each of selected thresholds in the range from 30% to 60%.

  2. Compare deltaSULmaxD15 using automated image analysis of FDG-PET/CT by AutoPERCIST (trademark) to standard PET analysis software [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    The analytic approach for this aim will include an assessment of agreement between measures of deltaSULmaxD15 obtained from two methods and an assessment of the negative and positive predictive value of the deltaSULmaxD15 measurement by AutoPERCIST (trademark).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients (all genders) must be >= 18 years of age.
  • Patient must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document. Patients with impaired decision-making capacity (IDMC) who have a legally authorized representative (LAR) or caregiver and/or family member available will also be considered eligible.
  • Patient must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2.
  • Patient must have histologically confirmed HER2-positive primary invasive breast carcinoma by American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)/College of American Pathologists (CAP) guidelines that has been determined by local testing.
  • Patient must have known (either positive or negative) hormone receptor (estrogen receptor [ER] or progesterone receptor [PR]) status by local testing, per ASCO/CAP guidelines. Patients with either hormone receptor-positive or hormone receptor- negative HER2-positive breast cancer are eligible.
  • Patient must have American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 8th Edition stage IIa-IIIc according to anatomic staging table at diagnosis and below criteria.

    • Patients without nodal involvement (cN0) are eligible if T size > 2.0 cm (T2-4)
    • Patients with nodal involvement (cN1-3) are eligible if T2-4
    • Patients with clinical T4d are not eligible
  • Patients with bilateral invasive breast cancers are eligible if both cancers are HER2-positive and at least one meets all protocol eligibility criteria and neither cancer renders the patient ineligible.
  • Patients with multiple ipsilateral invasive tumors are eligible as long as all tumors are HER2-positive and at least one tumor focus meets all eligibility criteria. Multiple lesions that appear part of the same index tumor do not require additional biopsy/HER2 testing.
  • Patient must plan to start a standard neoadjuvant pertuzumab (or other biosimilars) based regimen.
  • Patients with a prior or concurrent malignancy whose natural history or treatment does not have the potential to interfere with the safety or efficacy assessment of this imaging intervention are eligible for this trial.
  • Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months of registration are eligible for this trial.
  • Patient must be participating in the trial at an institution which has agreed to perform the imaging research studies, completed the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group-American College of Radiology Imaging Network Cancer Center Group (ECOG-ACRIN) defined PET/CT scanner qualification procedures and received ECOG-ACRIN PET/CT scanner approval.

    • For patients who completed the baseline (T0) FDG-PET/CT PRIOR to registration, neoadjuvant pertuzumab-based regimen must start after study registration and within 21 days after the T0 scan.

      • Patients must not have used colony stimulating growth factors within 14 days prior to completing a T0 scan done prior to registration.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient must not have any prior treatment for the current breast cancer, including surgery, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, radiation or experimental therapy.
  • Patient must not be pregnant or breast-feeding due to the potential harm to an unborn fetus and possible risk for adverse events in nursing infants with the teratogenic effects of FDG in addition to the radiation exposure during PET/CT. All patients of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within 7 days prior to registration to rule out pregnancy.

    • NOTE: A pregnancy test within 7 days prior to the T0 scan is also required but will only need to be done if a) the T0 scan is completed after study registration and b) if the pregnancy test done prior to registration is completed outside of the 7-day window.

A patient of childbearing potential is defined as anyone, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who meets the following criteria: 1) has achieved menarche at some point, 2) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 3) has not been naturally postmenopausal (amenorrhea following cancer therapy does not rule out childbearing potential) for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months).

  • Patient must not have any contraindication to FDG-PET/CT imaging which includes routine glucose values > 200 mg/dL and severe claustrophobia.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05710328


Locations
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United States, Arizona
King Regional Medical Center Recruiting
Kingman, Arizona, United States, 86409
Contact: John A Ellerton, MD    702-724-8787    j.ellerton@sncrf.org   
Sponsors and Collaborators
ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Heather Jacene ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
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Responsible Party: ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05710328    
Other Study ID Numbers: EA1211
NCI-2022-10172 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
EA1211 ( Other Identifier: ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group )
EA1211 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
U10CA180820 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: February 2, 2023    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 17, 2024
Last Verified: May 2024

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Deoxyglucose
Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
Radiopharmaceuticals
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents