Assessment of microRNAs Role in Familial Mediterranean Fever FMF Pathophysiology (miRinFMF)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT06033339|
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : September 13, 2023
Last Update Posted : September 14, 2023
Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) genetic diagnosis is well established for homozygous patients. On the other hand, although heterozygous individuals are theoretically healthy carriers, 1/3 of them will develop clinical symptoms of FMF and could benefit from prophylactic treatment. This suggests that the disorder expression mechanisms are not fully elucidated to date. The preliminary results obtained at the Institute for Regenerative Medicine and Biotherapy (IRMB) suggest the involvement of an epigenetic mechanism in FMF pathogenesis, and our laboratory has strong arguments as to the involvement of microRNAs (in particular miR-326) which are negative regulators of gene expression.
This study is exploratory and aims to validate the role of miRNAs in the clinical expression of FMF in patients, thus to explore the epigenetic mechanisms that may explain the variability of expression of this disorder.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Familial Mediterranean Fever||Other: Blood sampling||Not Applicable|
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a rare autoinflammatory disorder due to mutations in the MEFV (MEditerranean FeVer) gene, that causes recurrent episodes of fever and acute serositis (peritoneum, pleura, synovium) beginning in early childhood.
MEFV gene identification allowed the development of a genomic sequencing test to confirm the diagnosis. The most frequent mutations are M680I, M694V, V726A and M694I, located in exon 10. This gene encodes the protein pyrin, which, following a pro-inflammatory stimulus, is capable of assembling a multi-protein complex to form the pyrin inflammasome. MEFV gene mutations lead to an alteration of its expression in innate immune system cells in FMF patients, causing a dysregulation of the immune response, which results in the abnormal secretion of certain proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-1β and IL-18.
FMF is an autosomal recessive disorder. Thus, heterozygous individuals are theoretically healthy carriers. Nevertheless, in nearly 1/3 of patients with clinical symptoms of FMF, a single heterozygous mutation is found. To date, there is no biological marker to distinguish heterozygous individuals who will develop the disease from those who remain healthy carriers, hence diagnostic errors and delays in treatment. Several hypotheses have been put forward to explain this variation in mutation expression, whether it is the environment, the involvement of other genes, or the involvement of epigenetic modifiers.
Among the mechanisms that regulate gene expression, microRNAs (miRNAs),which are small non-coding RNAs, negatively regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level by binding to sequences located mainly in the region 3'UTR of gene mRNA. Many publications report that they are abnormally expressed in various pathologies. Very recently, this has been reported for FMF. Several studies have focused on miRNAs as biomarkers of FMF, without evaluating their role in FMF pathogenesis.
Assessing the role of miRNAs specifically targeting the MEFV gene in myeloid cells (especially monocytes), and the functional impact of their modulation in these cells, would deepen our understanding of FMF physiopathology. If a miRNA specifically targeting MEFV has a proven role in FMF pathophysiology, it could ultimately prove to be a prognostic biomarker of the disorder for heterozygous patients, or even a future therapeutic target.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||40 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||Among the 40 subjects to be enrolled: 10 are MEFV homozygous patients, 10 are symptomatic MEFV heterozygous patients, 10 are asymptomatic MEFV heterozygous patients and 10 are control subjects. All enrolled patients receive the same intervention (biological sample collection).|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Etude du rôle Des microARNs Dans la Physiopathologie de la fièvre méditerranéenne Familiale|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||October 2, 2023|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||October 2, 2025|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||October 2, 2025|
Collection of 10 ml of blood on EDTA tube during:
Other: Blood sampling
Collection of 10 ml of blood on EDTA tubes per patient. Once collected, the blood tubes will be transported within 24 hours to the IRB (Biotherapy Research Institute) of Montpellier University Hospital, where the monocytes will be isolated by magnetic sorting on the basis of expression of surface marker CD14+, after a preliminary step of Ficoll. Monocytes will then be frozen in nitrogen at -196°C until use (biobank).Gain-of-function experiments will then be performed on monocytes by transfecting them with the microRNA of interest or control. The expression of the pyrin protein and its phosphorylation rate will be evaluated after induction by immunoprecipitation experiments followed by western blot. The activity of the pyrin inflammasome will also be studied by looking at pyroptosis and toxicity rate using LDH test. All these experiments will be carried out in the absence and in the presence of the microRNA in order to study its role in the pathophysiology of FMF.
- miR-326 expression level quantification [ Time Frame: 1 day (at enrollment) ]Analyze the expression levels (quantification) of miRNA miR-326 in blood monocytes within the 4 groups of individuals: homozygous, symptomatic heterozygous, asymptomatic heterozygous for MEFV and control subjects, in order to determine whether or not miR-326 influences the inflammatory response of monocytes.
- MEFV expression level quantification [ Time Frame: 1 day (at enrollment) ]Analyze the expression levels (quantification) of MEFV gene in blood monocytes within the 4 groups of individuals: homozygous, symptomatic heterozygous, asymptomatic heterozygous for MEFV and control subjects
- miR-326 expression level comparison [ Time Frame: 1 day (at enrollment) ]Compare the expression levels of miR-326 between symptomatic and asymptomatic heterozygous groups.
- MEFV expression level comparison [ Time Frame: 1 day (at enrollment) ]Compare the expression levels of MEFV between symptomatic and asymptomatic heterozygous groups.
- Blood samples collection [ Time Frame: 1 day (at enrollment) ]Create a biobank (freezing monocytes extracted from patient samples) in order to subsequently study other miRNAs
- Expression levels of other candidate miRNAs targeting MEFV [ Time Frame: 1 day (at enrollment) ]Quantification of the the expression levels of other candidate miRNAs targetting MEFV within the 4 groups of participants. 5 miRNAs will be selected using a methylome study currently being carried out.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT06033339
|Contact: Anna DEGUET, MDemail@example.com|
|University Hospital of Nîmes|
|Contact: Tu Anh TRAN, MD|
|Principal Investigator: Tu Anh TRAN, MD|
|Robert Debré University Hospital of Paris|
|Contact: Ulrich MEINZER, MD|
|Principal Investigator: Ulrich MEINZER, MD|
|University Hospital of Paris Kremlin Bicêtre|
|Contact: Isabelle KONE-PAUT, MD|
|Principal Investigator: Isabelle KONE-PAUT, MD|
|University Hospital of Toulouse|
|Contact: Karine BROCHARD-PAYET, MD|
|Principal Investigator: Karine BROCHARD-PAYET, MD|
|Principal Investigator:||Eric JEZIORSKI, MD||University Hospital, Montpellier|