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Trial record 2 of 41 for:    lofexidine

Pharmacokinetic and Safety Study of Oral Lofexidine in Neonates Experiencing Opioid Withdrawal Due to Intrauterine Exposure to Opioids

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT06047834
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 21, 2023
Last Update Posted : October 17, 2023
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
USWM, LLC (dba US WorldMeds)

Brief Summary:

A randomized, open-label, controlled, ascending dose cohort, PK, and safety study assessing standard of care (i.e., non-pharmacologic measures and morphine when indicated) with or without lofexidine for the treatment of opioid withdrawal symptoms in neonates due to intrauterine exposure to opioids, described as neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome (NOWS) or neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS).

This study has been designed to assess the pharmacokinetics (PK) and safety of the lofexidine in neonates experiencing NOWS. The effectiveness of lofexidine on the severity of NOWS will also be evaluated. Results from this study will be used to support dosing recommendations in neonates and to inform further studies in the pediatric patient population.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Opioid Withdrawal (Disorder) Drug: Standard of Care with Lofexidine Other: Standard of Care without Lofexidine Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 24 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: A Phase 2, Open-Label, Randomized, Controlled, Ascending Dose Cohort, Pharmacokinetic and Safety Study of Oral Lofexidine in Neonates Experiencing Opioid Withdrawal Due to Intrauterine Exposure to Opioids
Actual Study Start Date : October 2, 2023
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 2026

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Control
All participants will receive non pharmacologic interventions per the local standard of care (i.e. non-pharmacologic measures and morphine when indicated).
Other: Standard of Care without Lofexidine
Participants will be randomized 3:1 to treatment with standard of care with or without lofexidine. Subjects randomized to standard of care without lofexidine wilt receive non-pharmacologic measures and morphine when indicated.

Experimental: Low Dose Lofexidine
Drug: Lofexidine (LX2) All participants will receive standard of care and be administered 32 µg/kg/day. The daily dose will be divided into 8 equal doses administered every 3 hours. Lofexidine will be tapered to discontinuation.
Drug: Standard of Care with Lofexidine
Participants will be randomized 3:1 to treatment with standard of care with or without lofexidine. Subjects randomized to standard of care with lofexidine will be sequentially assigned to 1 of 3 escalating dose levels (in terms of lofexidine base): low dose, mid dose, or high dose.

Experimental: Mid Dose Lofexidine
Drug: Lofexidine (LX2) All participants will receive standard of care and be administered 52 µg/kg/day. The daily dose will be divided into 8 equal doses administered every 3 hours. Lofexidine will be tapered to discontinuation.
Drug: Standard of Care with Lofexidine
Participants will be randomized 3:1 to treatment with standard of care with or without lofexidine. Subjects randomized to standard of care with lofexidine will be sequentially assigned to 1 of 3 escalating dose levels (in terms of lofexidine base): low dose, mid dose, or high dose.

Experimental: High Dose Lofexidine
Drug: Lofexidine (LX2) All participants will receive standard of care and be administered 80 µg/kg/day. The daily dose will be divided into 8 equal doses administered every 3 hours. Lofexidine will be tapered to discontinuation.
Drug: Standard of Care with Lofexidine
Participants will be randomized 3:1 to treatment with standard of care with or without lofexidine. Subjects randomized to standard of care with lofexidine will be sequentially assigned to 1 of 3 escalating dose levels (in terms of lofexidine base): low dose, mid dose, or high dose.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Plasma concentrations following single dose and repeated lofexidine administration in participants [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 7 ]
    To evaluate the pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters of lofexidine granules for reconstitution


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Single dose and steady-state maximum concentrations [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 7 ]
    To evaluate the pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters of lofexidine granules for To evaluate the pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters of lofexidine granules for reconstitution

  2. Extent of accumulation (i.e., Accumulation Ratio [AR]) with repeated dosing [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 7 ]
    To evaluate the pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters of lofexidine granules for reconstitution

  3. Examination of dose proportionality [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 7 ]
    To evaluate the pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters of lofexidine granules for reconstitution

  4. Estimation of apparent clearance [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 7 ]
    To evaluate the pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters of lofexidine granules for reconstitution

  5. Estimation of apparent volume of distribution [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 7 ]
    To evaluate the pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters of lofexidine granules for reconstitution

  6. Treatment emergent adverse events (TEAEs) [ Time Frame: Day 1 through 30 day follow-up ]
    To evaluate the safety of lofexidine during administration in infants experiencing NOWS



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Ages Eligible for Study:   0 Hours to 6 Days   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Written informed consent obtained from the patient's parent or legally authorized representative(s) (LAR)/guardian(s) in accordance with local laws and Institutional Review Board (IRB) requirements.
  2. Infants <7 days of age at the time of randomization.
  3. Gestational age ≥35 weeks at birth.
  4. Minimum weight ≥1.8 kg at birth.
  5. Infant's mother is ≥18 years of age.
  6. Intrauterine opiate exposure expected to contribute to NOWS symptoms, as determined by the Principal Investigator and supported by at least one of the following:

    1. Maternal history of opiate use during pregnancy as confirmed by diagnosis of opioid use disorder (OUD) according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), treatment for OUD, treatment with an opioid prescribed by a licensed physician or health care worker, documentation of opiate use in maternal medical record, and/or maternal self-reported opiate use;
    2. Positive maternal urine opiate screen during pregnancy or delivery; or
    3. Participant urine, meconium, or cord blood or tissue testing positive for opiate metabolites.
  7. Symptomatic with 2 consecutive scores ≥8 on the mFNAST at sites using the mFNAST OR at least one score ≥1 on the ESC assessment and with agreement from the clinical care team at sites using the ESC approach to care. Note: The study team should use the same NOWS scoring method (i.e., mFNAST or ESC assessment) to determine the patient's eligibility as is used to assess NOWS symptoms per the local standard of care.
  8. Can receive medications orally.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients who developed NOWS due to prolonged neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) analgesia and sedation therapy.
  2. Received treatment for NOWS, including morphine, methadone, buprenorphine, clonidine, or phenobarbital before screening/randomization.
  3. Prenatal exposure to an investigational drug, device, or biological agent other than investigational formulations of buprenorphine or methadone administered as part of treatment for maternal opioid dependence.
  4. Any anticipated or scheduled surgery during the patient's inpatient treatment for NOWS through approximately 30 days after completion of their treatment for NOWS (not including circumcision).
  5. Seizures, confirmed by EEG.
  6. mFNAST score ≥14.
  7. Two consecutive blood pressure measurements greater than 15 minutes apart with a systolic blood pressure <55 mm Hg.
  8. Two consecutive heart rate measurements <110 bpm more than 15 minutes apart.
  9. Clinically significant abnormal ECG at Screening in the judgment of the Principal Investigator, including a QTc interval >480 msec on a Screening ECG. Note: if the QTc interval meets the above criteria, the value may be confirmed by repeating the measurement twice, with each ECG obtained approximately 30-60 minutes apart, and the QTc interval confirmed by a pediatric cardiologist. If the pediatric cardiologist confirms the QTc interval is >480 msec based on two of the three ECGs, the patient will be excluded from participation. If the pediatric cardiologist confirms the QTc interval is ≤480 msec based on two of the three ECGs, the patient may be considered for study entry at the discretion of the Investigator in consultation with the pediatric cardiologist. Patients with a confirmed QTc >480 msec at Screening will be monitored per local standard of care, at least once daily, until the QTc resolves to within normal range. Patients not enrolled in the study will receive additional evaluation and care as clinically indicated.
  10. Have clinically significant abnormal laboratory values on laboratory tests completed for clinical reasons, including laboratory values outside the normal range as determined by the local lab that would put the patient at undue risk, as determined by the Principal Investigator, including either of the following:

    1. Hematocrit values of <40%
    2. Platelet count <100,000/μL
  11. Requiring sustained treatment with IV fluids or supplemental oxygen. Note: Patients with a transient need for IV fluids or supplemental oxygen may be considered for inclusion in the study at the Investigator's discretion.
  12. Any congenital malformations or acute medical illness, condition, or clinical finding that, in the opinion of the Principal Investigator and/or the Sponsor, would put the patient at undue risk for study participation or interfere with the patient's ability to complete the study, including concerns related to medication administration or patient survival.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT06047834


Contacts
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Contact: Medical Affairs 1-888-900-8796 medinfo@usworldmeds.com

Locations
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United States, West Virginia
Marshall Health Recruiting
Huntington, West Virginia, United States, 25701
Contact: Todd Davies, PhD       daviest@marshall.edu   
Sponsors and Collaborators
USWM, LLC (dba US WorldMeds)
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
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Responsible Party: USWM, LLC (dba US WorldMeds)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT06047834    
Other Study ID Numbers: USWM-LX2-2001
First Posted: September 21, 2023    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 17, 2023
Last Verified: October 2023

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lofexidine
Substance Withdrawal Syndrome
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders
Clonidine
Antihypertensive Agents
Narcotic Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Adrenergic alpha-2 Receptor Agonists
Adrenergic alpha-Agonists
Adrenergic Agonists
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Analgesics
Sympatholytics
Autonomic Agents