This is the classic website, which will be retired eventually. Please visit the modernized instead.
Working… Menu

Effects of Semaglutide on Nicotine Intake

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT05530577
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 7, 2022
Last Update Posted : November 15, 2023
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE August 26, 2022
First Posted Date  ICMJE September 7, 2022
Last Update Posted Date November 15, 2023
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE October 7, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date April 2024   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 1, 2022)
  • Change in Nicotine Self-Administration [ Time Frame: baseline (Week 0) to post-medication (Week 8) ]
    Number of cigarettes smoked during a laboratory smoking procedure
  • Change in Nicotine Reinstatement Duration [ Time Frame: baseline (Week 0) to post-medication (Week 8) ]
    Duration (minutes) of resistance to smoking reinstatement during a laboratory lapse task
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 1, 2022)
Change in Daily Cigarette Smoking [ Time Frame: baseline (Week 0) to study endpoint (Week 10) ]
Number of cigarettes consumed per day during medication exposure
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures
 (submitted: September 1, 2022)
  • Change in Cigarette Craving [ Time Frame: baseline (Week 0) to post-medication (Week 8) ]
    Self-reported craving during a cue exposure task
  • Change in Subjective Responses to Cigarette Smoking [ Time Frame: baseline (Week 0) to post-medication (Week 8) ]
    Self-reported responses to cigarette smoking during a laboratory smoking procedure The Cigarette Purchase Task is a 21-question self-reported measure to understand motivation for obtaining cigarettes which asks participants about the number of cigarettes they would purchase and smoke based on an increasing cigarette cost.
  • Change in Body Weight [ Time Frame: baseline (Week 0) to study endpoint (Week 10) ]
    Body weight
  • Change in HbA1c [ Time Frame: baseline (Week 0) to study endpoint (Week 10) ]
    Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c)
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Same as current
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Effects of Semaglutide on Nicotine Intake
Official Title  ICMJE Effects of Semaglutide on Nicotine Intake and Smoking Lapse
Brief Summary Tobacco use remains the foremost cause of preventable deaths in the U.S. and worldwide. Advancing new smoking cessation therapies, including those targeting novel biological mechanisms, is a critical public health priority. Accumulating evidence from preclinical studies suggests that glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists reduce intake and/or reinstatement of addictive drugs, including nicotine. However, translational work is necessary to establish whether GLP-1 receptor agonists alter aspects of nicotine response and smoking behavior in smokers. Human laboratory studies play a pivotal role in drug development by providing a time- and cost-efficient means of validating preclinical findings, also providing an ideal platform for studying mechanisms of medication effects. This is an experimental investigation to examine the effects of an approved GLP-1 receptor agonist on nicotine intake and reinstatement. Dependent smokers will be enrolled in a double-blind, parallel-arm trial with laboratory endpoints. Laboratory procedures will include a validated procedure for measuring smoking lapse/reinstatement after overnight abstinence. This study will provide initial laboratory evidence for the potential efficacy of GLP-1 receptor agonists as adjunctive treatments for smoking cessation.
Detailed Description Not Provided
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description:
Randomized parallel group design.
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Condition  ICMJE
  • Tobacco Use Disorder
  • Nicotine Addiction
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Semaglutide
    Semaglutide (subcutaneous)
  • Drug: Sham/placebo
    Sham subcutaneous injection
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Semaglutide
    Participants will receive semaglutide via subcutaneous injections at escalating doses (0.25mg to 1.0mg) over 9 weeks.
    Intervention: Drug: Semaglutide
  • Sham Comparator: Sham/Placebo
    Participants will receive sham subcutaneous injections over 9 weeks.
    Intervention: Drug: Sham/placebo
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 1, 2022)
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE May 2024
Estimated Primary Completion Date April 2024   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 21-65
  • Smoking 5+ cigarettes per day (on average) over the past year, with no period of abstinence > 90 days
  • Biochemical verification of smoking status, based on expired CO > 8 at baseline
  • Willingness to take study medication and complete study procedures
  • Willingness to complete lab sessions involving cigarette smoking
  • Ability to communicate in English

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Regular use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS/vaping), cigars, chewing tobacco or snuff, based on at least weekly use in the past 30 days
  • Past 30-day use of nicotine replacement therapies/products
  • Reporting past 30-day use of illicit drugs other than cannabis at baseline, or having a positive toxicology screen for illicit drugs other than cannabis at baseline
  • Current engagement in alcohol or smoking cessation treatments, or currently engaged in intentional efforts to quit cigarette use
  • Past 30-day use of: Sincalide, Sulfonylureas, insulin and insulin products or other medications that may interact with semaglutide, or weight control medications
  • Prior use of semaglutide or other GLP-1 agonists
  • Known or suspected hypersensitivity to study medication or related products
  • Lifetime diagnosis of severe mental illness (including schizophrenia and bipolar disorder)
  • Meeting criteria for current alcohol use disorder (AUD) or other substance use disorder (with the exception of tobacco or mild cannabis use disorder)
  • History of suicide attempt, or recent (past 30 day) suicidal ideation, or psychiatric hospitalization in the last 6 months
  • Current significant medical or neurological illness (based on self-report or medical record) including severe hepatic impairment or cirrhosis, impaired renal function (eGFR <50ml/min), acute or chronic pancreatitis, gastroparesis, gallbladder disease or cholelithiasis, other severe gastrointestinal disease, heart failure, coronary artery disease, stroke, seizure disorder, or other medical condition that poses a risk for the medication or alcohol administration components of the study (as determined by the MD)
  • A personal or family history of medullary thyroid cancer or multiple endocrine neoplasia 2A or 2B
  • Calcitonin greater than or equal to 50 ng/L
  • Uncontrolled thyroid disease at screening
  • History of major surgical procedures involving the stomach potentially affecting absorption of trial product (e.g., subtotal and total gastrectomy, sleeve gastrectomy, gastric bypass surgery)
  • History of Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, or HbA1c >6.5% measured at screening
  • History of diabetic retinopathy, proliferative retinopathy, or maculopathy
  • History of diabetic ketoacidosis
  • History or presence of malignant neoplasms within the last 5 years (except basal and squamous cell skin cancer and carcinoma in situ)
  • Currently nursing, pregnant, anticipating pregnancy in the next 6 months, or not using a highly effective contraceptive method as judged by the MD, and defined as:

    1. combined (estrogen and progestogen containing) hormonal contraception associated with inhibition of ovulation (oral, intravaginal, transdermal)
    2. progestogen-only hormonal contraception associated with inhibition of ovulation (oral, injectable, implantable)
    3. intrauterine device
    4. intrauterine hormone-releasing system
    5. bilateral tubal occlusion
    6. vasectomized partner
    7. sexual abstinence
  • Elevation of serum lipase, amylase, direct (conjugated) bilirubin, or alkaline phosphatase (ALP), ALT, or AST) more than 3X the upper limit of normal on baseline bloodwork
  • Baseline body mass index (BMI) <23kg/m^2
  • Uncontrolled hypertension or systolic BP >180 mmHg and/or diastolic BP >105 mmHg, averaged from three measurements
  • Plans for travel outside of the local area in the upcoming 12 weeks that would interfere with lab visits during the study period (or other logistic factors that would make it difficult to commit to entire duration of study)
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 21 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE Yes
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Christian Hendershot, PhD (919) 962-5565
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT05530577
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 21-1548
R21DA047663-02 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: IPD will be shared with other investigators upon reasonable request.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Supporting Materials: Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Supporting Materials: Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Supporting Materials: Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Supporting Materials: Analytic Code
Time Frame: Data will become available following publication of study manuscripts and will be available indefinitely.
Access Criteria: Reasonable request from qualified investigator.
Current Responsible Party University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Christian Hendershot, PhD University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
PRS Account University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Verification Date November 2023

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP