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Adding an Immunotherapy Drug, MEDI4736 (Durvalumab), to the Usual Chemotherapy Treatment (Paclitaxel, Cyclophosphamide, and Doxorubicin) for Stage II-III Breast Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT06058377
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 28, 2023
Last Update Posted : April 18, 2024
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase III trial compares the addition of an immunotherapy drug (durvalumab) to usual chemotherapy versus usual chemotherapy alone in treating patients with MammaPrint Ultrahigh (MP2) stage II-III hormone receptor positive, HER2 negative breast cancer. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as durvalumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Chemotherapy drugs, such as paclitaxel, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. There is some evidence from previous clinical trials that people who have a MammaPrint Ultrahigh Risk result may be more likely to respond to chemotherapy and immunotherapy. Adding durvalumab to usual chemotherapy may be able to prevent the cancer from returning for patients with MP2 stage II-III hormone receptor positive, HER2 negative breast cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Anatomic Stage II Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Anatomic Stage III Breast Cancer AJCC v8 HER2-Negative Breast Carcinoma Hormone Receptor-Positive Breast Carcinoma Procedure: Biospecimen Collection Drug: Cyclophosphamide Drug: Doxorubicin Biological: Durvalumab Other: Genetic Testing Procedure: Mammography Drug: Paclitaxel Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 3680 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase III Trial of Neoadjuvant Durvalumab (NSC 778709) Plus Chemotherapy Versus Chemotherapy Alone for MammaPrint Ultrahigh (MP2) Hormone Receptor (HR) Positive / Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (HER2) Negative Stage II-III Breast Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : November 27, 2023
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 31, 2026
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 31, 2026

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Durvalumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Step 1 (MammaPrint testing)
Patients without a known MP2 score undergo MammaPrint testing on a previously-collected tissue sample. Patients with MP2 score proceed to STEP 2.
Other: Genetic Testing
Undergo MammaPrint testing
Other Names:
  • Genetic Analysis
  • Genetic Examination
  • Genetic Test

Active Comparator: Step 2, Arm 1 (chemotherapy)

Patients receive paclitaxel IV over 30-60 minutes on days 1 and 8 of each cycle. Treatment repeats every 14 days for 6 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then receive doxorubicin IV and cyclophosphamide IV over 30 minutes on day 1 of each cycle. Treatment repeats every 14 days for 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients also undergo mammography during screening (STEP 1). Patients have the option to also undergo collection of tumor tissue during initial biopsy (STEP 1) and at SOC surgery, and undergo collection of blood samples prior to STEP 2 treatment, after cycle one of chemotherapy, and one month post-SOC surgery.

Procedure: Biospecimen Collection
Undergo optional collection of tissue and/or blood
Other Names:
  • Biological Sample Collection
  • Biospecimen Collected
  • Specimen Collection

Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • (-)-Cyclophosphamide
  • 2H-1,3,2-Oxazaphosphorine, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]tetrahydro-, 2-oxide, monohydrate
  • Asta B 518
  • B-518
  • Carloxan
  • Ciclofosfamida
  • Ciclofosfamide
  • Cicloxal
  • Clafen
  • Claphene
  • CP monohydrate
  • CTX
  • CYCLO-cell
  • Cycloblastin
  • Cycloblastine
  • Cyclophospham
  • Cyclophosphamid monohydrate
  • Cyclophosphamide Monohydrate
  • Cyclophosphamidum
  • Cyclophosphan
  • Cyclophosphane
  • Cyclophosphanum
  • Cyclostin
  • Cyclostine
  • Cytophosphan
  • Cytophosphane
  • Cytoxan
  • Fosfaseron
  • Genoxal
  • Genuxal
  • Ledoxina
  • Mitoxan
  • Neosar
  • Revimmune
  • Syklofosfamid
  • WR- 138719
  • WR-138719

Drug: Doxorubicin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Adriablastin
  • Hydroxydaunomycin
  • Hydroxyl Daunorubicin
  • Hydroxyldaunorubicin

Procedure: Mammography
Undergo mammography
Other Name: MG

Drug: Paclitaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anzatax
  • Asotax
  • Bristaxol
  • Praxel
  • Taxol
  • Taxol Konzentrat

Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment
Ancillary studies
Other Name: Quality of Life Assessment

Experimental: Step 2, Arm 2 (chemotherapy, durvalumab)

Patients receive paclitaxel IV over 30-60 minutes on days 1 and 8 of every cycle and durvalumab IV over 60 minutes on day 1 of every other cycle. Treatment repeats every 14 days for 6 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then receive doxorubicin IV and cyclophosphamide IV over 30 minutes on day 1 of each cycle, and durvalumab IV over 60 minutes on day 1 of every other cycle. Treatment repeats every 14 days for 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients also undergo mammography during screening (STEP 1). Patients have the option to also undergo collection of tumor tissue during initial biopsy (STEP 1) and at SOC surgery, and undergo collection of blood samples prior to STEP 2 treatment, after cycle one of chemotherapy, and one month post-SOC surgery.

Procedure: Biospecimen Collection
Undergo optional collection of tissue and/or blood
Other Names:
  • Biological Sample Collection
  • Biospecimen Collected
  • Specimen Collection

Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • (-)-Cyclophosphamide
  • 2H-1,3,2-Oxazaphosphorine, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]tetrahydro-, 2-oxide, monohydrate
  • Asta B 518
  • B-518
  • Carloxan
  • Ciclofosfamida
  • Ciclofosfamide
  • Cicloxal
  • Clafen
  • Claphene
  • CP monohydrate
  • CTX
  • CYCLO-cell
  • Cycloblastin
  • Cycloblastine
  • Cyclophospham
  • Cyclophosphamid monohydrate
  • Cyclophosphamide Monohydrate
  • Cyclophosphamidum
  • Cyclophosphan
  • Cyclophosphane
  • Cyclophosphanum
  • Cyclostin
  • Cyclostine
  • Cytophosphan
  • Cytophosphane
  • Cytoxan
  • Fosfaseron
  • Genoxal
  • Genuxal
  • Ledoxina
  • Mitoxan
  • Neosar
  • Revimmune
  • Syklofosfamid
  • WR- 138719
  • WR-138719

Drug: Doxorubicin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Adriablastin
  • Hydroxydaunomycin
  • Hydroxyl Daunorubicin
  • Hydroxyldaunorubicin

Biological: Durvalumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Imfinzi
  • Immunoglobulin G1, Anti-(Human Protein B7-H1) (Human Monoclonal MEDI4736 Heavy Chain), Disulfide with Human Monoclonal MEDI4736 Kappa-chain, Dimer
  • MEDI-4736
  • MEDI4736

Procedure: Mammography
Undergo mammography
Other Name: MG

Drug: Paclitaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anzatax
  • Asotax
  • Bristaxol
  • Praxel
  • Taxol
  • Taxol Konzentrat

Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment
Ancillary studies
Other Name: Quality of Life Assessment




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Breast cancer event-free survival (BC-EFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years after completion of study treatment ]
    Defined as the earliest occurrence of any of the following events: Local-regional or distant progression during neoadjuvant therapy or local/regional, or distant invasive breast tumor recurrence post-surgery, invasive ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence, new invasive contralateral breast cancer, or death from any cause. The primary analysis of BC-EFS is a log-rank test between the treatment arms with stratification by the three stratification factors. Additionally, Cox regression will be used to estimate the treatment hazard ratio and 95% confidence interval including the three stratification variables as terms in the model. Kaplan-Meier graphs will show BC-EFS descriptively over time and provide 5-year estimates and 95% confidence intervals. A forest plot will show whether the treatment effect varies over the stratification variables and other selected factors.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pathologic complete response (pCR) rates [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years after completion of study treatment ]
    Defined as the absence of residual invasive cancer on hematoxylin and eosin evaluation of the complete resected breast and specimen and all sampled regional lymph nodes following completion of neoadjuvant systemic therapy (ypT0/Tis ypN0). At the completion of all treatment and surgery for all enrolled participants, there will be a comparison of pCR rates between the treatment arms. pCR rates will be compared by a test of two proportions followed by logistic regression to estimate the odds ratio after adjustment for the stratification factors.

  2. Residual cancer burden (RCB) [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years after completion of study treatment ]
    Defined as a continuous measure of the extent of residual cancer after neoadjuvant chemotherapy that combines the largest diameter of the cancer in the breast, the tumor cell cellularity of the cancer, and the largest diameter and number of involved axillary lymph nodes into a single RCB score. RCB will be analyzed by comparing RCB 2-3 to RCB 0-1.

  3. Distant relapse-free survival (DRFS) [ Time Frame: Time from date of randomization (2nd Registration) to date of invasive distant disease recurrence or death due to any cause, assessed up to 10 years after completion of study treatment ]
    Analyses will be performed using log-rank testing, Cox regression, and Kaplan-Meier estimation.

  4. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Time from date of randomization (2nd Registration) to date of death due to any cause, assessed up to 10 years after completion of study treatment ]
    Analyses will be performed using log-rank testing, Cox regression, and Kaplan-Meier estimation. Will also be conducted at alpha = 0.05 (2-sided).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • STEP 1: REGISTRATION (SCREENING): Participants must have histologically confirmed estrogen receptor (ER) positive and/or progesterone receptor (PR) positive (hormone receptor positive) and HER2 negative breast cancer, as per American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) College of American Pathologists (CAP) guidelines

    • NOTE: Participants with HER2 positive disease by ASCO CAP guidelines are ineligible. HER2 negative and HER2 low or equivocal cases as per ASCO CAP guidelines that do not receive HER2 targeted therapy are eligible
  • STEP 1: REGISTRATION (SCREENING): Participants must have clinical stage II or III breast cancer

    • NOTE: Participants with inflammatory breast cancer are eligible
  • STEP 1: REGISTRATION (SCREENING): Participants must not have metastatic disease (i.e., must be clinically M0 or Mx) Systemic staging studies with imaging should follow routine practice as per National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) and ASCO guidelines
  • STEP 1: REGISTRATION (SCREENING): Participants must not have locally recurrent breast cancer
  • STEP 1: REGISTRATION (SCREENING): Participants with multifocal disease or synchronous primary tumors are eligible, however, all tumors must be hormone receptor positive and HER2 negative per ASCO CAP guidelines. It is sufficient to have MP2 status on at least one of the lesions
  • Participants must have either adequate tissue available to submit on-study or a prior known MammaPrint Index Score that is MP2 status

    • Submitting tissue for on-study MammaPrint testing:

      • Participants must have a minimum of ten, unstained formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) slides (4-5 micron thickness) available from initial tumor biopsy for MammaPrint assessment

        • NOTE: Participants must agree to have this tissue submitted to Agendia for MammaPrint Index Scoring and to have subsequent results disclosed to SWOG Cancer Research Network OR
    • Submitting prior known MammaPrint Index Score:

      • If a MammaPrint Index Score report from within the last 12 weeks is already known and is MP2 status, the participant must be registered to Step 2 immediately following Step 1 registration provided they meet all other criteria. MP2 status is defined as a MammaPrint Index score between negative 1.0 and negative 0.57 (-1.0 to -0.57, including negative 0.57) tested from initial tumor biopsy

        • NOTE: Participants must agree to have their commercial MammaPrint Index Score disclosed to Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG) Cancer Research Network
        • NOTE: Participants with prior known MammaPrint result that is not MP2 status should not be enrolled to either step of this study
  • STEP 1: REGISTRATION (SCREENING): Participants must not have received any prior treatment for their current breast cancer, including chemotherapy, immunotherapy, biologic or hormonal therapy, and must be candidates for doxorubicin, paclitaxel, and durvalumab therapy
  • STEP 1: REGISTRATION (SCREENING): Participants must be >= 18 years old at the time of registration
  • STEP 1: REGISTRATION (SCREENING): Participants must have a complete medical history and physical exam within 28 days prior to Step 1 Registration
  • STEP 1: REGISTRATION (SCREENING): Participants must have body weight > 30 kg
  • STEP 1: REGISTRATION (SCREENING): Participants must have Zubrod Performance Status of 0-2
  • STEP 1: REGISTRATION (SCREENING): Participants with a prior or concurrent malignancy whose natural history or treatment does not have the potential to interfere with the safety or efficacy assessment of the investigational regimen are eligible for this trial
  • STEP 1: REGISTRATION (SCREENING): Participant must not have medical contraindications to receiving immunotherapy, including history of non-infectious pneumonitis that required steroids or active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment with disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs in the past two years. Replacement therapy (e.g. thyroxine for pre-existing hypothyroidism, insulin for type I diabetes mellitus, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment. Intra-articular steroid injections are allowed
  • STEP 1: REGISTRATION (SCREENING): NOTE: As a part of the Oncology Patient Enrollment Network (OPEN) registration process the treating institution's identity is provided in order to ensure that the current (within 365 days) date of institutional review board approval for this study has been entered in the system

    • Participants must be informed of the investigational nature of this study and must sign and give informed consent in accordance with institutional and federal guidelines
    • For participants with impaired decision-making capabilities, legally authorized representatives may sign and give informed consent on behalf of study participants in accordance with applicable federal, local, and Central Institutional Review Board (CIRB) regulations
  • STEP 2: RANDOMIZATION: Participants must have met all eligibility criteria for Step 1 Registration
  • STEP 2: RANDOMIZATION: Participants must have MP2 MammaPrint result

    • For participants submitting tissue for on-study MammaPrint testing:

      • Participants must be registered to Step 2: Randomization within 84 calendar days (12 weeks) after receiving an MP2 status from the MammaPrint Index score. MP2 status is defined as a MammaPrint Index score between negative 1.0 and negative 0.57 (-1.0 to -0.57, including negative 0.57) from initial tumor biopsy OR
    • Submitting commercial MammaPrint Index Score:

      • If a MammaPrint Index Score report from within the last 12 weeks is already known and is MP2 status, the participant must be registered to Step 2 immediately following Step 1 registration provided they meet all other criteria. MP2 status is defined as a MammaPrint Index score between negative 1.0 and negative 0.57 (-1.0 to -0.57, including negative 0.57) tested from initial tumor biopsy
  • STEP 2: RANDOMIZATION: Participants must not have received live vaccines within 28 days prior to study Step 2: Randomization. Examples of live vaccines include, but are not limited to, the following: measles, mumps, rubella, chicken pox, shingles, yellow fever, rabies, Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG), and typhoid (oral) vaccine. Seasonal influenza vaccines and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines are allowed; however, intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g. Flu-Mist) are live attenuated vaccines, and are not allowed
  • STEP 2: RANDOMIZATION: Participants must not be planning to receive any concurrent non-protocol directed chemotherapy, immunotherapy, biologic or hormonal therapy for cancer treatment while receiving treatment on this study
  • STEP 2: RANDOMIZATION: Participant must have Zubrod Performance Status of 0-2
  • STEP 2: RANDOMIZATION: Participants must not have a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or evidence of active pneumonitis within two years prior to Step 2: Randomization
  • STEP 2: RANDOMIZATION: Participants must not have active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past two years (i.e., with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs) prior to Step 2: Randomization. Replacement therapy (e.g. thyroxine for pre-existing hypothyroidism, insulin for type I diabetes mellitus, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment. Intra-articular steroid injections are allowed
  • STEP 2: RANDOMIZATION: Participant must have a complete medical history and physical exam within 28 days prior to Step 2: Randomization
  • STEP 2: RANDOMIZATION: Leukocytes >= 3 x 10^3/uL (within 28 days prior to Step 2: Randomization)
  • STEP 2: RANDOMIZATION: Absolute neutrophil count >=1.5 x 10^3/uL (within 28 days prior to Step 2: Randomization)
  • STEP 2: RANDOMIZATION: Platelets >= 100 x 10^3/uL (within 28 days prior to Step 2: Randomization)
  • STEP 2: RANDOMIZATION: Total bilirubin =< institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) unless history of Gilbert's disease. Participants with history of Gilbert's disease must have total bilirubin =< 5 x institutional ULN (within 28 days prior to Step 2: Randomization)
  • STEP 2: RANDOMIZATION: AST/ALT =< 3 × institutional ULN (within 28 days prior to Step 2: Randomization)
  • STEP 2: RANDOMIZATION: Participants must have a calculated creatinine clearance >= 50 mL/min using the following Cockcroft-Gault Formula. This specimen must have been drawn and processed within 28 days prior to Step 2: Randomization
  • STEP 2: RANDOMIZATION: Participants must have adequate cardiac function. Participants with known history or current symptoms of cardiac disease, or history of treatment with cardiotoxic agents, must have a clinical risk assessment of cardiac function using the New York Heart Association Functional Classification. To be eligible for this trial, participants must be class 2B or better
  • STEP 2: RANDOMIZATION: Participants must not have uncontrolled diabetes defined as hemoglobin A1c of 9.0% or greater, within 28 days prior to Step 2: Randomization.
  • STEP 2: RANDOMIZATION: Participants with history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infection must be on effective anti-retroviral therapy at registration and have an undetectable viral load on the most recent test results obtained within 6 months prior to Step 2: Randomization
  • STEP 2: RANDOMIZATION: Participants with history of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection must have undetectable HBV viral load on the most recent test results obtained while on suppressive therapy within 6 months prior to Step 2: Randomization, if indicated
  • STEP 2: RANDOMIZATION: Participants with a history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection must have been treated and cured. Participants currently being treated for HCV infection must have undetectable HCV viral load on the most recent test results obtained within 6 months prior to Step 2: Randomization, if indicated
  • STEP 2: RANDOMIZATION: Participants must not be pregnant or nursing. Individuals who are of reproductive potential must have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method during protocol therapy and for 6 months following completion of protocol therapy with details provided as a part of the consent process and must have a negative pregnancy test at screening. A person who has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months or who has semen likely to contain sperm is considered to be of "reproductive potential." In addition to routine contraceptive methods, "effective contraception" also includes refraining from sexual activity that might result in pregnancy and surgery intended to prevent pregnancy (or with a side-effect of pregnancy prevention) including hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy, bilateral tubal ligation/occlusion, and vasectomy with testing showing no sperm in the semen. Participants should not breastfeed during protocol therapy and for 6 months following completion of protocol therapy.
  • STEP 2: RANDOMIZATION: Participants must be offered the opportunity to participate in specimen banking. With participant consent, specimens must be collected and submitted via the SWOG Specimen Tracking System
  • STEP 2: RANDOMIZATION: Participants who can complete questionnaires in English, or Spanish must be offered the opportunity to participate in the Quality of Life study
  • STEP 2: RANDOMIZATION: NOTE: As a part of the OPEN registration process the treating institution's identity is provided in order to ensure that the current (within 365 days) date of institutional review board approval for this study has been entered in the system
  • STEP 2: RANDOMIZATION: Participants must be informed of the investigational nature of this study and must sign and give informed consent in accordance with institutional and federal guidelines

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT06058377


Locations
Show Show 197 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Erin F Cobain SWOG Cancer Research Network
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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT06058377    
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2023-04566
NCI-2023-04566 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
S2206 ( Other Identifier: SWOG )
S2206 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
U10CA180888 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: September 28, 2023    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 18, 2024
Last Verified: November 2023
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: "NCI is committed to sharing data in accordance with NIH policy. For more details on how clinical trial data is shared, access the link to the NIH data sharing policy page."
URL: https://grants.nih.gov/policy/sharing.htm

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Paclitaxel
Cyclophosphamide
Doxorubicin
Liposomal doxorubicin
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Durvalumab
Daunorubicin
Immunoglobulins
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Immunoglobulin G
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents