This is the classic website, which will be retired eventually. Please visit the modernized instead.
Working… Menu

Effects of Semaglutide on Nicotine Intake

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT05530577
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 7, 2022
Last Update Posted : November 15, 2023
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Brief Summary:
Tobacco use remains the foremost cause of preventable deaths in the U.S. and worldwide. Advancing new smoking cessation therapies, including those targeting novel biological mechanisms, is a critical public health priority. Accumulating evidence from preclinical studies suggests that glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists reduce intake and/or reinstatement of addictive drugs, including nicotine. However, translational work is necessary to establish whether GLP-1 receptor agonists alter aspects of nicotine response and smoking behavior in smokers. Human laboratory studies play a pivotal role in drug development by providing a time- and cost-efficient means of validating preclinical findings, also providing an ideal platform for studying mechanisms of medication effects. This is an experimental investigation to examine the effects of an approved GLP-1 receptor agonist on nicotine intake and reinstatement. Dependent smokers will be enrolled in a double-blind, parallel-arm trial with laboratory endpoints. Laboratory procedures will include a validated procedure for measuring smoking lapse/reinstatement after overnight abstinence. This study will provide initial laboratory evidence for the potential efficacy of GLP-1 receptor agonists as adjunctive treatments for smoking cessation.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Tobacco Use Disorder Nicotine Addiction Drug: Semaglutide Drug: Sham/placebo Phase 2

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 48 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Randomized parallel group design.
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Effects of Semaglutide on Nicotine Intake and Smoking Lapse
Actual Study Start Date : October 7, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Smoking
Drug Information available for: Semaglutide

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Semaglutide
Participants will receive semaglutide via subcutaneous injections at escalating doses (0.25mg to 1.0mg) over 9 weeks.
Drug: Semaglutide
Semaglutide (subcutaneous)

Sham Comparator: Sham/Placebo
Participants will receive sham subcutaneous injections over 9 weeks.
Drug: Sham/placebo
Sham subcutaneous injection

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Nicotine Self-Administration [ Time Frame: baseline (Week 0) to post-medication (Week 8) ]
    Number of cigarettes smoked during a laboratory smoking procedure

  2. Change in Nicotine Reinstatement Duration [ Time Frame: baseline (Week 0) to post-medication (Week 8) ]
    Duration (minutes) of resistance to smoking reinstatement during a laboratory lapse task

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Daily Cigarette Smoking [ Time Frame: baseline (Week 0) to study endpoint (Week 10) ]
    Number of cigarettes consumed per day during medication exposure

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Change in Cigarette Craving [ Time Frame: baseline (Week 0) to post-medication (Week 8) ]
    Self-reported craving during a cue exposure task

  2. Change in Subjective Responses to Cigarette Smoking [ Time Frame: baseline (Week 0) to post-medication (Week 8) ]
    Self-reported responses to cigarette smoking during a laboratory smoking procedure The Cigarette Purchase Task is a 21-question self-reported measure to understand motivation for obtaining cigarettes which asks participants about the number of cigarettes they would purchase and smoke based on an increasing cigarette cost.

  3. Change in Body Weight [ Time Frame: baseline (Week 0) to study endpoint (Week 10) ]
    Body weight

  4. Change in HbA1c [ Time Frame: baseline (Week 0) to study endpoint (Week 10) ]
    Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 21-65
  • Smoking 5+ cigarettes per day (on average) over the past year, with no period of abstinence > 90 days
  • Biochemical verification of smoking status, based on expired CO > 8 at baseline
  • Willingness to take study medication and complete study procedures
  • Willingness to complete lab sessions involving cigarette smoking
  • Ability to communicate in English

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Regular use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS/vaping), cigars, chewing tobacco or snuff, based on at least weekly use in the past 30 days
  • Past 30-day use of nicotine replacement therapies/products
  • Reporting past 30-day use of illicit drugs other than cannabis at baseline, or having a positive toxicology screen for illicit drugs other than cannabis at baseline
  • Current engagement in alcohol or smoking cessation treatments, or currently engaged in intentional efforts to quit cigarette use
  • Past 30-day use of: Sincalide, Sulfonylureas, insulin and insulin products or other medications that may interact with semaglutide, or weight control medications
  • Prior use of semaglutide or other GLP-1 agonists
  • Known or suspected hypersensitivity to study medication or related products
  • Lifetime diagnosis of severe mental illness (including schizophrenia and bipolar disorder)
  • Meeting criteria for current alcohol use disorder (AUD) or other substance use disorder (with the exception of tobacco or mild cannabis use disorder)
  • History of suicide attempt, or recent (past 30 day) suicidal ideation, or psychiatric hospitalization in the last 6 months
  • Current significant medical or neurological illness (based on self-report or medical record) including severe hepatic impairment or cirrhosis, impaired renal function (eGFR <50ml/min), acute or chronic pancreatitis, gastroparesis, gallbladder disease or cholelithiasis, other severe gastrointestinal disease, heart failure, coronary artery disease, stroke, seizure disorder, or other medical condition that poses a risk for the medication or alcohol administration components of the study (as determined by the MD)
  • A personal or family history of medullary thyroid cancer or multiple endocrine neoplasia 2A or 2B
  • Calcitonin greater than or equal to 50 ng/L
  • Uncontrolled thyroid disease at screening
  • History of major surgical procedures involving the stomach potentially affecting absorption of trial product (e.g., subtotal and total gastrectomy, sleeve gastrectomy, gastric bypass surgery)
  • History of Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, or HbA1c >6.5% measured at screening
  • History of diabetic retinopathy, proliferative retinopathy, or maculopathy
  • History of diabetic ketoacidosis
  • History or presence of malignant neoplasms within the last 5 years (except basal and squamous cell skin cancer and carcinoma in situ)
  • Currently nursing, pregnant, anticipating pregnancy in the next 6 months, or not using a highly effective contraceptive method as judged by the MD, and defined as:

    1. combined (estrogen and progestogen containing) hormonal contraception associated with inhibition of ovulation (oral, intravaginal, transdermal)
    2. progestogen-only hormonal contraception associated with inhibition of ovulation (oral, injectable, implantable)
    3. intrauterine device
    4. intrauterine hormone-releasing system
    5. bilateral tubal occlusion
    6. vasectomized partner
    7. sexual abstinence
  • Elevation of serum lipase, amylase, direct (conjugated) bilirubin, or alkaline phosphatase (ALP), ALT, or AST) more than 3X the upper limit of normal on baseline bloodwork
  • Baseline body mass index (BMI) <23kg/m^2
  • Uncontrolled hypertension or systolic BP >180 mmHg and/or diastolic BP >105 mmHg, averaged from three measurements
  • Plans for travel outside of the local area in the upcoming 12 weeks that would interfere with lab visits during the study period (or other logistic factors that would make it difficult to commit to entire duration of study)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT05530577

Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Christian Hendershot, PhD (919) 962-5565

Layout table for location information
United States, North Carolina
University of North Carolina Recruiting
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Christian Hendershot, PhD University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill Identifier: NCT05530577    
Other Study ID Numbers: 21-1548
R21DA047663-02 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: September 7, 2022    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 15, 2023
Last Verified: November 2023
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: IPD will be shared with other investigators upon reasonable request.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Analytic Code
Time Frame: Data will become available following publication of study manuscripts and will be available indefinitely.
Access Criteria: Reasonable request from qualified investigator.

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Tobacco Use Disorder
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders